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Fab. Aesop. C. Lachmannus et airiic. emend., cete-Tor. poet, chaliamb. ab A. Meinekio coll. et emend. Berol. 1845.) Several ancient grammarians wrote in Hipponax, especially Hermippus of Smyrna. (Schol. ad Arist. Pac. 484 ; Athen. vii. p. 327. b, c.)
Contemporary with Hipponax was another iambic poet, Ananius or Ananias. The two poets are so closely connected with one another that, of the existing fragments, it is sometimes impossible to determine which belongs to the one and which to the other.
The invention of the choliambus is by some ascribed to Ananius. One grammarian attributes the regular Choliambus to Hipponax, and the Ischiorrhogic verse to Ananius (see Tyrwhitt, Dissert, de Sabrio, p. 17), but no reliance can be placed on this statement. The fragments of Ananius accompany those of Hipponax in the collections mentioned above. (Welcker, as above cited; Miiller, Hist, of Lit. of Greece, pp. 141—143 ; Ulrici, Gesch. d. Hellen. Dichtkunst^ vol. ii. pp. 308 —316 ; Bode, Gesch. d. HeUen. Dichtkunst^ vol. ii. pt. 1, pp. 330—344.)
2. A grammarian, quoted by Athenaeus (xi. p. 480, f.) , as the author of a collection of synonyms. [P. S.j
HIPPONrcUS. [callias and hippo nic us.]
HIPPON01DAS ('iTTTiWSas), a Spartan officer under Agis II., in the battle fought at Mantineia against the Argives and their allies, b.c. 418. He was accused of cowardice for not having obeyed the orders of Agis during the battle, and exiled from Sparta in consequence. (Thuc. v. 71,72.) [E. H. B.]
HIPPONOUS ('iTTTroVoos), a son of Glauciis and Eurymede, or of Poseidon and Eurynome (Pind. Ol. xiii. 66; Hygin. Fab. 157), and a grandson of Sisyphus. He was a Corinthian hero, and by some called Leophontes, or more commonly Bellerophon, Bellerophontes, or Ellerophontes, a name which he is said to have received from having slain Bellerus, a distinguished Corinthian, f belle rophon.] There are several other mythical per sonages of the name of Hipponous. (Schol. ad Pind.Nem. ix. 90; Horn; II. xi. 303; Apollod. iii. 6. § 3, 12. § 5.) [L. S.]
HIPPOSTHENES (l^oaQ^s). Two or three Pythagorean philosophers of this name are mentioned. (Iamb. Vit. Pytli. 36. § 267 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. i. p. 849.) The name also occurs in Stobaeus (Floril. Tit. xxii. 25. p. 188, ed. Gesner) according to the old reading, but the better reading is tlTriroB6(avros [HiPpOTHOoN].
HIPPOSTRATUS ('lir^erparas). 1. A brother of Cleopatra, the last wife of Philip of Mace-don. (Athen. xiii. p. 557, d.)
2. A general under Antigonus, who was ap pointed by him to command the army which he left in Media, after the defeat and death of Eu- menes, b. c. 216. He was soon after attacked by Meleager, and others of the revolted adherents of Pithon, but repulsed them, and suppressed the in surrection. We know not at what period he was succeeded by Nicanor, whom we find commanding in Media not long afterwards. (Diod. xix. 46,47, 92.} [E. H. B.]
HIPPOSTRATUS (lir^ffrparos). I. A native of Crotona, mentioned by lamblichus in his
list of Pythagorean philosophers. ( Vii. Pyth. c. 36. §267.)
2. A writer spoken of by the scholiast on Pindar (Pyth. vi. 4) as d ra, irepl 5t/ceAi'as yeveahoyuv. (Comp. Schol. ad Otymp. ii. 8. 16, Nem. ii. 1 ; Schol. ad T/ieocrit. vi. 40.) Another work by the same author Hepl Miv<a is quoted by Phlegon (Mirab. c. 30). [C. P. M.]
HIPPOTADES ('iTTTnm&Tjs), a name given to Aeolus, the son of Hippotes. (Horn. Od. x. 2; Ov. Met. xiv. 224; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1644.)
2. A son of Phylas by a daughter of lolaus, and a great-grandson of Heracles. When the Heraclei-dae, on their invading Peloponnesus, were encamped near Naupactus, Hippotes killed the. seer Carnus, in consequence of which the army of the Hera-cleidae began to suffer very severely, and Hippotes by the command of an oracle was banished for a period of ten years. (Apollod. ii. 8. § 3; Paus. ii. 4. § 3, 13. § 3; Conon, Narrat. 26; Schol. ad Theocrit. v. 83.) He seems to be the same as the Hippotes who was regarded as the founder of Cnidus in Caria. (Diod. v. 9, 53 ; Tzetz. ad Ly-copli. 1388.)
HIPPOTHOE ('iTTTroflcfy). There are several mythical personages of this name: 1. a daughter of Nereus and Doris (Hes. Theog. 251); 2. a daughter of Danaus (Hygin. Fab. 170.) ; 3. an Amazon (Hygin. Fab. 163) ; 4. a daughter of Pelias and Anaxibia (Apollod. i. 9. § 10) ; 5. a daughter of Nestor and Lysidice, became by Po seidon the mother of Taphius. (Apollod. ii. 4. §5.) [L.S.]
HIPPOTHOON ('iTnrofloW), an Attic hero, a son of Poseidon and Alope, the daughter of Cercyon. He had a heroum at Athens ; and one of the Attic phylae was called after him Hippothoontis. (De- mosth. Epitaph, p. 1389 ; Paus. i. 5. § 2, 39. § 3, 38. § 4.) [L. S.]
HIPPOTHOON ('iTrTrofloW), a Greek tragedian, whose exact time is unknown, but who probably lived shortly before Alexander the Great. He is several times quoted by Stobaeus, who also cites a poet Hippothoiis, the identity of whom with Hippothob'n is uncertain. He is sometimes erroneously reckoned among the comic poets, as, for example, by Fabricius. (Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. p. 451 ; Welcker, die Griech. Tragod. p. 1099; Mei-neke, Hist. Grit. Com. Graec. p. 525.) [P. S.]
HIPPOTHOUS ('iTTTro'floos). 1. A son of Cercyon, and father of Aepytus, who succeeded Agapenor as king in Arcadia, where he took up his residence, not at Tegea, but at Trapezus. ( Paus. viii. 5. § 3, 45. "§ 4; Hygin. Fab. 173,; Ov. Met. viii. 307.)
2. A son of Lethus, grandson of Teutamus, and brother of Pylaeus, led a band of Pelasgian auxiliaries from Larissa to the assistance of the Trojans. While engaged in dragging away the body of Patroclus, he was slain by the Telamonian Ajax. (Horn. //. ii. 840, xvii. 288, &c.)
There are three other mythical personages of this