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492

HIPPOLYTUS,

•trptis, H\arwv€i % /cat irepl rov iravr6s. It was pub­lished by Hoeschelius in his notes to Photius, and by Le Moyne in his Varia Sacra, as well as by Fa-bricius. It appears to be the work described by Pho-tius, under the title Hepl rov iravros, or Tlepl rfjs tov iravrbs alrias, or iravros ovffias. Its authorship was in his time very doubtful. At the head of his Codex (No. 48) it was called a work of Josephus; but he says it was variously ascribed to Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, and Caius, to which last he himself attributes it. The genuineness of this fragment is admitted by Oudin. 5. Ets rjv a'/peoni/ noctou rtv6s, Contra Haeresin Noeti. This is probably the concluding portion of his work Hp6s dirdora? rds atpeffeis, Adversus omnes Haereses, mentioned by Eusebius and Jerome, and described by Photius as directed against thirty-two heresies, beginning with the Dositheans, and ending with Noetus, the contemporary of Hippolytus. 6. Kard Bij/xtfvos Kal wHA.i/<os rwv alperwwv Trept &eo\oyias Kai (rapKoSvews, De Theologia et Incarnatione contra Beronem et Heliconem (s. Helicem) haereticos. The eight fragments given by Gallandius of this work, which is perhaps another portion of the work against heresies, are preserved by Nicephorus of Con­stantinople, in his Antirrhetica contra Iconomachos, and were first published in a Latin version in the Lectiones Antiquae of Canisius, vol. v. p. 154 (4to. Ingolstadt, 1604), and in Greek by Sirmond, in his Collectanea Anastasii BibliotJiecarii, 8vo. Paris, 1620. These pieces form the pars prima of the writings of Hippolytus given by Gallandius..

The second part contains the following works: 7. Fragmenta ex Commentario in Genesin, printed by Fabricius from a MS. in the Imperial Library at Vienna. 8. Fragmenta ex Commentariis in varios Sacrae Scripturae Libras, viz. in Hesc'demeron, in Genesin, in Numeros, in Psalmos, in Psalm II., in Psalm XXIII., in Proverbia, in Canticum Canti-corum, in Isaiamj in Danielem, and in Canticum Trium Puerorum. These fragments were collected by Fabricius from MSS. or from the citations of ancient writers. . The expository writings of Hip­polytus are mentioned by Eusebius and Jerome, from whom we learn that he wrote several other expositions besides those mentioned above. 10. Fragmenta alia, from the work Adversus Haereses, from the work Ilept rov dyiov lidcrx^ De Sancto Pascha, mentioned by Eusebius and Jerome ; and from the IIpos j3a<nAt8a rivd ciricrro\^, Epistola ad quamdam Reginam, which is thought to be the HporpeirriKos irpds Se^pe/rap, Exhortatorius ad Severinam, of the inscription on the statue. 11. Hep} xapurndrtov diroffro\iicfl irapaSocns, De Charis-matibus Apostolica traditio, and some extracts from the Constitutions Apostolicae, lib. viii. The author­ship of these pieces is claimed for Hippoiytus on the authority of the inscription on his statue, and of some MSS. 12. Narratio de Virgine Corin-thiaca et de quodam Magistriano, from Palladius (Hist. Lausiac. c. 148). 13. Canon Paschalis, or Table for Calculating Easter, together with a cata­logue of the works of Hippolytus, from the inscrip­tion on the statue. The Paschal Cycle of Hippo­lytus was of sixteen years. The table appears to have been part of his work Tlepl rov Udcrxa, men­tioned by Eusebius, and of which an extract is given among the Fragmenta mentioned in No. 10. The canon of Hippolytus has been illustrated by the labours of Joseph Scaliger, Dionysius Petavius, Franciscus Blanchinius, and others. The fragment

HIPPOLYTUS.

of the Commentary of Hippolytus on Genesis, pub­lished by Fabricius, from an Arabic Catena, in Syriac characters, from a MS. in the Bodleian Library, with a Latin version by Gagnier, is re­jected by Gallandius as not belonging to the subject of this article; and the short pieces, Ilepi r<av iS' .d,iro<rroX<av, De Duodecim Apostoiis, and Ilepl rwv of faro<rr6\wv, De Septuaginta Apostoiis, given by Fabricius in the appendix to his first volume, are either , of doubtful genuineness or confessedly spurious.

The«B were several other works of Hippolytus enumerated by Jerome and other ancient writers now lost. (Euseb. H. E. vi. 20, 22, 23; and Chronic, lib. ii.; Hieronym. De Viris Illust. c. 61; Phot. Bibl Cod. 48, 121, 202; Chron. Paschal, p. 6, ed. Paris, vol. i. p. 12, ed. Bonn ; Le Moync, Diatribe de Hippolyto in the Prolegomena to his Varia Sacra; Baron. Annal. ad ann. 229, iv. ; Tillemont, Mim. vol. iii. p. 238, &c. ; Lardner, Credibility, &c., pt. ii. c. 35 ; Oudin, Comment, de Scriptor. Eccles. vol. i. p. 220, &c.; Basnage, Animadversiones de S. Hippolyto, prefixed to his edi­tion of Canisius, Lect. Antiq.; Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. vii. p. 183, &c., and Proleg. and Notes to his edit. of Hippolytus ; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i. p. 102, &c. ed. Oxon, 1740—1743; Galland. Bibl Patrum, vol. ii. Prolegom. c. xviii.)

2. Jerome mentions an Hippolytus whom (ac­cording to the common but perhaps a corrupt read­ing) he designates -a Roman senator, among the writers who defended Christianity against the Gentiles. There is much difference of opinion among critics as to the person meant. Some sup­pose that the bishop of the Portus Romanus (No. 1) is intended, and that Jerome has converted him from a bishop into a senator. Fabricius suggests that the senator may be one of two Hippolyti recorded in the Martyrologies as suffering in the persecution under Valerian. (Hieron. Epist. 83 (olim 84) ad Magnum; Opera, vol. iv. pars ii. col. 656, ed. Benedictin. Paris, fol. 1693, &c.; Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. vii. p. 198.]

3. Of thebes, a writer of the tenth or eleventh centuries, of whose personal history nothing is known, and whose date can only be approximately given. In his principal work, his Chronicle, he cites Symeon Metaphrastes, whom he calls, as if speaking of a contemporary, 6 /ciJpios Sinewy; but the age of Symeon himself (fixed by some in the 10th century, by others in the 12th) is too doubtful to afford much aid in determining that of Hippo­lytus. Hippolytus is quoted by Michael Glykas, a writer of the middle of the twelfth century, and who confounds, as do some moderns, Hippolytus of Thebes with Hippolytus of Portus Romanus (An-nales, pars iii. p. 227, ed. Paris, p. 423, ed. Bonn), and by Nicephorus Callisti, who died A. d. 1327. (H. E. ii. 3.)

The principal work of Hippolytus is his Chro-nicon, 'ittttoa-utov ©ijgaiov XpoviKdv SiWcry/ua (or vyypa/jLfjLa). A Latin version of a fragment of this was published by Joannes Sambucus, 8vo. Padua, 1556, under the title of Libellus de Ortu et Cognatione Virginis Mariae ; and a part in Greek, with a Latin version, was given in the third volume of the Lectiones Antiquae of Canisius. Various fragments were given in the Commentarii de Biblioth. Caesar, of Lambecius; and some others were added by Emanuel Schelstratenus in his Antiguitat. Ec-clesiae Ittustratis, fol. Rome, 1692, in which he

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