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tion of Appuleius, and the barbarous obscurity of Ammianus, to say nothing of the ecclesiastical writers. But the diction in which he embodied his own compositions, where he was called upon to supply the thoughts as well as the words, although so much vaunted by Erasmus, and in reality always forcible and impressive, is by no means worthy of high praise.
A most minute account of the editions of Hieronymus is given by Sehb'nemann. (Bibliotheca Palrum Latinorum, vol. i. c. 4. § 3.) It will be sufficient here to remark, that as early as 1467 a folio volume, containing some of his epistles and opuscula, was printed at Rome by Ulric Han, constituting one of the earliest specimens of the typographical art. Two folio volumes were printed at Rome in 1468, by Sw.eynheim and Pannartz, " S. Hieronymi Tractatus et Epistolae," edited by Andrew bishop of Aleria, which were reprinted in 1470 ; in the same year " Beati leronimi Epistolae,'" % vols. fol. issued from the press of Schoffer, at Mayence ; and from that time forward innumerable impressions of various works poured forth from all parts of Italy, Germany, and Gaul.
The first critical edition of the collected works was that superintended by Erasmus, Bas. 9 vols. fol. 1516; reprinted in 1526 and 1537, the last being the best; and also at Lyons, in 8 vols. fol. 1530. Next comes that of Marianus Victorinus, Rom. 9 vols. fol. 1566 ; reprinted at Paris in 1578, in 1608, 4 vols. and. in 1643, 9 vols. An edition containing the notes of Erasmus and Victorinus appeared at Francfort and Leipsic, 1'2 vols. fol. 1684, succeeded by the famous Benedictine edition, Par. 5 vols. fol. 1693—J 706, carried as far as the end of the first volume by Pouget, and continued after his death by Martianay, which is, however, superseded by the last and best of all, that of VaUarsi, Veron. 11 vols. fol. 1734—1742 ; reprinted, with some improvements, Venet. 11 vols. 4to. 1766. [W. R.]
HIEROPHILUS ('IffxtyiAos), a name which has been supposed by Marx (De Herophili Vita, &c. pp. 7, 13) and others to be a corruption of Herophilus, but probably without sufficient reason.
1. A physician at Athens, whose lectures were attended bp$%nodice disguised in male attire. Tf the story is not wholly apocryphal (for it rests only on the authority of Hyginus, Fab. 274), Hierophi-lus may be conjectured to have lived in the fifth or sixth century b. c. Some of the reasons which render it unlikely that HeropTiilus is the true reading in this passage of Hyginus, are given in the article agnodice.
2. The author of a short Greek medical treatise, entitled 'le/Jo^tAou 20<£/<rrov Trepi TpoQwv KtJ/cAos* iroi'ot Sc? xP*(r6ai *K6<TTty M^ ^al oiroiois direx**- 0c«, Hierophili Sophistae de Alimentis Circulus; quibusnam uti9 et a quibusnam abstinere oporteat. This was for some time, while still in MS., sup posed to be the work of Herophilus, but as soon as it was examined and published, it plainly ap peared to belong to some late writer of the eleventh or twelfth century after Christ, It contains diet- etical directions for every month in the year, and is full of words unknown to the older Greek writers. It was first published by Boissonade in the eleventh volume of the Notices et Esetraits des Manuscrits de la Biblioth. du Roi (Paris, 1827), p. 178, &c.; and is inserted in the first yolume of Ideler's Physici et Medici Graeci Minores, Berol. 1841. 8vo, [W. A. G.J
HIEROTHEUS ('Ifp'fleos), the author of a Greek poem, consisting of 233 barbarous Iambic lines on alchemy, entitled Ilepl Trjs ©e/os /cai 'Icpas Texvrjs, De Divina et Sacra Arte (sc. Chry- sopoeia). He appears to have been a Christian, but nothing more is known of him ; and, with re spect to his date, it can only be said that the poem is evidently the work of a comparatively recent writer. It was published for the first time in the second volume of Ideler's Physici et Medici Graeci Minores, Berol. \ 842, 8vo. [ W. A. G.]
HIEROTHEUS ('l€/>J0€oj), a Byzantine monk, who lived probably in the beginning of the fifteenth century, wrote a work entitled Ataypajujua, a strange sort of dissertation, in which he endeavours to explain the nature of God by means of geometrical figures. There are several other Byzantine writers of that name, but they are of no importance. .(Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. xi. pp. 636, 637.) [W. P.J
HILAEIRA ('lAaefpa), one of the fair daughters of Leucippus of Mycenae, was carried off with her sisters by the Dioscuri. (Apollod. iii. 10. § 3; comp. Ov. Fast. v. 700 ; Hygin. Fob. 80 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 511.) The name occurs also as a sur name of Selene. (Hesych. s. v.) [L. S.]
HILARIANUS, MECI'LIUS or MECHI'- LIUS or MECILIA'NUS. The Codex Theodo- sianus contains frequent notice of this magistrate, who appears to have been Corrector Lucaniae et Bruttiorum under Constantine the Great, a. d. 316 (12. tit. 1. s. 3), proconsul of Africa in the same reign, a. d. 324 (12. tit. 1. s. 9), consul with Paca- tianus, A. d. 332, and praefectus praetorio, or, as Gothofredus thinks, praefectus urbi, sc. Romae, under the sons of Constantine, a.d. 339 (6. tit. 4. s..3, 4, 7). An Hilarian appears, but without any note of his office, in a law of a. p. 341. This is probably Mecilius Hilarian ; but the Hilarianus or Hilarius (if indeed he be one person) who appears in the laws of the time of Gratian and Valentinian II., and of Honorius, as praefectus urbi, A. ». 383, and as praefectus praetorio, a. d. 396, must have been a different person. Perhaps the last is the Hilarius mentioned by Symmachus. (Symmachus, Epist. lib. ii. 80, iii. 38, 42, ed. Paris, 1604 ; got thofred. Prosop. Cod. Theodos.) [J. C. M.]
HILA^RIO, or HILARIANUS, Q. JU'LIUS, an ecclesiastical writer belonging to the close of the fourth century, of whose history we know nothing since his works convey no information upon, the subject, and he is not mentioned by any ancient authority whatever. Two works bear his name,
1. Eoopositum de Die Paschae et Mensis, on the determination of Easter, finished, as we are told in the concluding paragraph, on the fifth of March, a. d. 397. It was first published from a MS. in the/Royal Library at Turin, by C. M. Pfaff, and attached to the edition of the Divine Institutions of Lactantius, printed at Paris in 1712. It will be found under its most correct form in the Biblioiheca Patrum of Galland^ vol. viii. Append, ii. p. 745f Venet, fol. 1772. . '.
2. De Mundi Durations^ or, according to a Vienna MS., De Cursu Temporum, composed, as we learn from the commencement, after the piece noticed above. It was first published by Pithou in the appendix to the Bibliotlieca Patrwm, printed at Paris in 1579. It was inserted also in the sub? sequent edition of the same collection, in many similar compilations, and appears under its best