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HERMOGENES.

symptoms of a most careful study of the ancients. These excellencies, which at once place him on a level with the most distinguished teachers of rhe­toric, are reasons enough to make us regret that his brilliant career was cut off so early and so fatally. (Comp. Westermann, Gesch. der Griech. Beredtsam-keUj § 95 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vi. p. 69, &c.)

7. The author of a history of Phrygia, in which he also made mention of the Jews. (Schol. ad Apol-lon. Rliod. ii. 722 ; Joseph, c. Apion. i. 23 ; comp. Plut. deFluv. 17.)

8. Of Tarsus, an historian of the time of the emperor Domitian, who put him to death on ac­count of certain expressions in his history, and those who had copied the work for sale were nailed on the cross. (Suet. Domit. 10.)

9. A painter, perhaps a native of Carthage, who. lived at the time of Tertullian, about the end of the second and the beginning of the third century of our era, and is known to us only through Ter­ tullian, who attacked, him most severely, and wrote a work against him. (AdversusHermogenem.) He seems to have been originally a pagan, but after­ wards to have become a convert to Christianity. The cause of the hostility is not very clear ; we learn only that Hermogenes married several times, for which Tertullian calls him a man given to vo­ luptuousness and a heretic. It would also seem that Hermogenes, who was a man of high education and great knowledge, continued to study the pagan philosophers after his conversion to Christianity ; and attempted to reconcile scriptural statements with the results of philosophical investigations, though, according to Tertullian's own statement, Hermogenes did not advance any new or heretical opinion on the person of Christ. His enemy also calls him a bad painter, and says, illicite pingit, but to what he alludes by this expression is uncer­ tain-: some think that Hermogenes painted subjects taken from the pagan mythology, which Tertullian would surely have expressed more explicitly. The philosophical views which Tertullian endeavours to refute seem to have been propounded by Her­ mogenes in a work (adv. Hermog. 2), for his enemy repeatedly refers to his argumentationes. (Comp. August, de Haeres. xli.; Tertull. de Monogam. 16 ; Theodoret. Fab. Haeret. i. 19.) Theodoretus and Eusebius (Hist. Eccles. iv. 24) state, that Theophi- lus of Alexandria and Origen also wrote against Hermogenes, but it is uncertain whether this is the same as the painter. [L. S.]

HERMOGENES, M. TIGE'LLIUS, a no­torious detractor of Horace, who at first seems to have been well disposed towards him, for in one passage (Sat. i. 3. 129) he calls him optimus cantor et Modulator (comp. Sat. i. 9. 25), whereas shortly afterwards (Sat. i. 10. 80) he speaks of him as an opponent and an enemy. The scholiasts of Horace attempt to give the reasons why Hermogenes dis­liked Horace; but there is no necessity for trusting to their inventions, for Horace himself gives us suf­ficient materials to account for it. Hermogenes appears to have been opposed to Satires altogether (Hor. Sat. i. 4. 24, &c., ii. 1. 23) ; he was a man without talent, but yet had a foolish fancy for "trying his hand at literature. (Sat. i. 10. 18.) He moved in the society of men without anjy pre­tensions, and is described as a singing-master in girls'schools. (Sat. i. 10. 80, 90, &c.) Horace therefore throughout treats him with contempt. It is a very ingenious and highly probable conjecture

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HERMOGENIANUS.

that, under the fictitious name of Pantolabus (Sat. i. 8, 11, ii. 1, 21), Horace alludes to Hermogenes, for the prosody of the two names is the same, so that one may be substituted for the other. (Comp. Weichert, Poet. Lat. JReliquiae, p.,297, &c.; Kirch-ner, Quaestion. Horatianae, p. 42, &c. [L. S.]

HERMOGENES (Epvoyevys), of Pontus, was praefectus praetorio Orientis a. d. 359. He is probably the Hermogenes mentioned by Libanius as the best of all the magistrates of his time, though commonly supposed to be rough and severe. This character of Hermogenes agrees with that given by Ammianus, who says that when Constantius desired to establish an inquisitorial tribunal (a. d. 359), on occasion of some troubles in Egypt, Hermogenes was not appointed," as being of too mild a temper." Hennogenes died soon after, and was succeeded in his praefecture by Helpidius. [helpidius.] This Hermogenes is to be distinguished from the officer of the same name sent to depose Paulus, bishop of Constantinople (a. d. 342), and murdered in the tumult excited by that proceeding ; as well as from the ex-praefect of Egypt, to whom the emperor Ju­ lian addressed a letter; and from the proconsul of Achaia, to whom the sophist Himerius addressed one of his discourses. It is uncertain from which of these persons (if from any) a part of the horses, of Cappadocian breed, in the imperial stud were called " Equi Hermogeniani," by which name they are mentioned in edicts of Valentinian I. and of Arcadius. (Amm. Marc. xix. 12, xxi. 6 ; Liban. de Vita sua, Opera, vol. ii. p. 39, 40, ed. Morell; Phot; Bill. cod. 165 ; Julian. Epist. 23, Opera, p. 389, ed. Spanhem. fol. Lips. 1696 ; Cod. Theod. 10. tit. 6. § 1; 15. tit. 10. § 1 ; Tillemont, Hist, des Emp. vol. iv.) [J. C. M.]

HERMOGENES ('Epwevys), the name of several ancient physicians, whom it is difficult to distinguish with certainty. 1. A physician in at­tendance on the emperor Hadrian at the time of his death, a.d. 138. (Dion Cass. Ixix. 22.)

2. A physician mentioned in an epigram of Lu-cilius in the Greek Anthology (xi. 257, vol. ii. p. 59, ed. Tauchn), which has been imitated by Martial (vi. 53), and also in another epigram in the same collection attributed to Nicarchus (xi. 114, vol. ii. p. 29).

3. One of the followers and admirers of Erasis- tratus, mentioned by Galen (De Simplic. Medicam. Temper, ac Facult. i. 29, vol. xi. p. 432), who is supposed to be the same physician who is said in an ancient Greek inscription found at Smyrna to have been the son of Charidemus, and to have written a great number of medical and his­ torical works. If his father was the physician who was one of the followers of Erasistratus [CHA- RiDEM[Js],he lived probably in the third or second century, u. c. He is perhaps the same person said in another inscription to have 'been a native of Tricca in Thessaly. (Mead, Dissert, de Numis quibusdam a Smyrnaeis in Medicorum Honorem pertussis, Lond. 1724, 4to.; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. xiii. p. 180, ed. vet.) [W. A. G.]

HERMOGENIANUS, the latest Roman ju­rist from whom there is an extract in the Digest, and the last mentioned in the Florentine Index. He lived in the time of Constantine the Great, when the family of the Hermogeniani was in high credit, from its connection with the powerful race of the Anicii (Reines, Inscr. p. 70). In Dig. 48. tit. 15. s. ult.9 he says that the pecuniary punisU-

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