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HERMES.

culiar to the philosophy of the period to which we hare assigned this work. It was first published in a Latin translation by Ficinus, under the title Mercurii Trismegisti Liber de Potestate et Sapientia Dei, Tarvisii, 1471, fol., which was afterwards often reprinted, as at Venice in 1481, 1483, 1493, 1497, &c. The Greek original, with the translation of Ficinus, was first edited by Hadr. Turnebus, Paris, 1554, 4to., and was afterwards published again in Fr. Flussatis, Candallae Industria, Bor­deaux, 1574; in Patricius' Nova de universis Phi-losopMa Libris quatuor cotnprehensa, Ferrara, 1593, fol., and again in 1611, fol., and at Cologne in 1630, fol., with a commentary by Hannibal Ro-sellus.

. 4. *IaTpofJi.aQr)ju,aTiKcl. r} irepl KaraK\lff€ci>s vofrovv- twv irpoyvtaffriKcL %k rijs jAaBirjfjiaTiKTJs e7rt<rnfrojs 7rp^svAju^icw»/a Aiytiirriov, is a work of less import­ ance, and contains instructions for ascertaining the issue of a disease by the aid of mathematics, that is, of astrology, for the author endeavours to show that the nature of a disease, as well as its cure and issue, must be ascertained from the constellation under which it commenced. The substance of this work seems to have been unknown to Fir- micus (about the middle of the fourth century), and this leads us to the supposition that it was written after the time of Firmicus. The work was published in a Latin translation in Th. Boder's De Ratione et Usu Dierum Criticorum, Paris, 1555, 4 to., and in Andr. Argolus* De Diebus Criticis Libri dui, Patavii, 1639, 4to. The Greek original was published by J. Cramer (Astrolog. No. vi. Norim- bergae, 1532, 4to.), and by D. Hoeschel. (Aug. Vindelic. 1597, 8vo.) ^ ^

5. De Revolutionibus Nativitatum, is likewise an astrological work, and intended to show how the nativity should be regulated at the end of every year. The original seems to have been written in Greek, though some say that it was in Arabic ; but it was at any rate composed at a later time than the work mentioned under No. 4. We now possess only a Latin version, which was edited by Hiero-nymus Wolf, together with the Isagqge of Por-phyrius, and some other works, Basel, 1559, fol.

6. Aphorismi sive Centum Sententiae Astrologicae, also called Centiloquium, that is, one hundred astro­logical propositions, which are supposed to have originally been written in Arabic ; but we now have only a Latin translation, which has been re­peatedly printed, as at Venice, 1492, 1493, 1501, 1519, fol., at Basel, 1533, fol., 1551, 8vo., and at .Ulm, 1651, 1674, 12mo.

7. Liber Physico-Medicus Kiranidum Kirani^ id est, regis Persarum vere aureus gemmeusque^ &c., belongs to the same class of medico-astrological works, and is as yet printed only in a Latin trans­lation, published by Andr. Rivinus (Leipzig, 1638, and Frankfurt, 1681, 12mo.), though the Greek original is still extant in MS. at Madrid, under the title of Kvpavifes (from Kvpios, lord or master). This work is referred to even by Olympiodorus, and must therefore have existed in the fourth cen­tury of our era. It is divided into four parts, and is a sort of materica medica, arranged in alphabet­ical order, for it treats of the magic and medicinal powers of a variety of stones, plants, and animals, and under each head it mentions some mineral, vegetable, or animal medicine. It is generally supposed that this work was originally compiled from Persian, Arabic, or Egyptian sources.

415

HERMESIANAX.

Some of the works bearing the name of Hermes seem to be productions of the middle ages, such as,—

8. Tractatus vere Aunms de Lapidis Philosophici Decreto, that is, on the. philosopher's stone. The work is divided into seven chapters, which are regarded as the seven seals of Hermes Trismegis-tus. It was published in Latin by D. Gnosius, Leipzig, 1610, and 1613, 8vo.

9. Tabula Smaragdina^an. essay, professing to teach the art of making gold, was published at Niirnberg, 1541 and 1545, 4to., and at Strassburg, 1566, 8vo%

10. lie/si fioTavwir xvAaWott is only a fragment, but probably belongs to an earlier period than the two preceding works, and treats of similar subjects as the Kvpavides. It is printed at the end of Roe-ther's edition of L. Lydus, de Mensibus, with notes byBaehr.

11. Ilepi <Fei<rjU<3i/, on earthquakes, or rather on the forebodings implied in them. It is only a fragment, consisting of sixty-six hexameter lines, and is sometimes ascribed to Hermes Trismegistus, and sometimes to Orpheus. It was first edited by Fr. Morel, with a Latin translation by F. A. Baif, Paris, 1586, 4to., and afterwards by J. S. Schoder, 1691, 4 to. It is also contained in Maittaire's Miscellanea, London, 1722, 4to., and in Brunck's Analecta, iii. p. 127.

For a more detailed account of the works bearing the name of Hermes Trismegistus, see Fabric. Bill. Graec. vol. i. pp. 46—94; and especially Baum- garten-Crusius, De Librorum Hermeticorum Origine atque Indole, Jena, 1827. [L. S.J

HERMESIANAX (EpMffidvaQ. 1. Of Co­lophon, a distinguished elegiac poet, the friend and disciple of Philetas, lived in the time of Philip and Alexander the Great, and seems to have died before the destruction of Colophon by Lysimachus, b. c. 302. (Paus. i. 9. § 8.) His chief work was an elegiac poem, in three books, addressed to his mistress, Leontium, whose name formed the title of the poem, like the Cynthia of Proper tins. A great: part of the third book is quoted by Athe-naeus (xiii. p. 597). The poem is also quoted by Pausanias (vii. 17. § 5, viii. 12. § 1, ix. 35. § 1), by Parthenius (Erot. 5, 22), and by Antoninus Liberalis (Metam. 39). We learn from another quotation in Pausanias, that Hermesianax wrote an elegy on the Centaur Eurytion (vii. 1.8. § 1). It is somewhat doubtful whether the Hermesianax who is mentioned by the scholiast on Nicander (Theriaca, 3), and who wrote a poem entitled Il€pcriKd9 was the same or a younger poet. The fragment of Hermesianax has been edited sepa­rately by Ruhnken (Append, ad Epist. Grit. ii. p. 283, Opusc. p. 614), by Weston, Lond. 1784, 8vo., by C. D. Ilgen (Opusc. Var. PJdlol. vol. i. p. 247, Erford, 1797, 8vo.), by Rigler and Axt, Colon. 1828, 16mo., by Hermann (Opusc. Acad. vol. iv. p. 239), by Bach (PMlet. et Phanoc. Reliq, Hal. 1829, 8vo.), by J. Bailey, with a critical epistle by G. Burgess, Lond. 1839, 8vo., and by Schneidewin (Defect. Poes. Eleg. p. 147). Comp. Bergk, De Hermesianactis Elegia, Marburgi, 1845,

2. Of Cyprus, an historian, whose &piryiaKa ia quoted by Plutarch (De Fluv. 2, 24, 12,)

3. Of Colophon, the son of Agoneus, an athlete, whose statue was erected by his fellow-citizens in honour of his victory at Olympia (Paus. vi. 17. § 3). If he had been, as Vossius (l.c,) supposes,

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