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GLYCAS.

of the plebs, b. c. 67. When one of his colleagues, C. Cornelius [C. cornelius], brought forward a rogation which the senate disliked, Globulus laid his tribunitian interdict on its reading by the clerk. (Ascon. in Cic. pro Cornel, p. 57, ed. Orelli.) But he appeared as evidence in defence of Cornelius, when impeached for disregarding the interdict. (Ascon. p. 61.) Globulus was praetor of Asia Minor in b. e. 65—64, since he was the immediate predecessor of L. Flaccus (Sail. Cat. 45; Cic. pro Place. 3) in that province. (Cic.jtwo Place. 32; Schol. Bob. pro Place, pp. 233, 245, Orelli.) [W. B. D.J

GLOS. [GAOS.]

GLUS (FAovs), an Egyptian, was son of Tamos, the admiral of Cyrus the younger; When Menon, the Thessalian, had persuaded his troops to show their zeal for Cyrus, by crossing the Euphrates before the rest of the Greeks, Glus was sent by the prince to convey to them his thanks and promises of reward. After the battle of Cunaxa he was one of those who announced to the Greeks the death of Cyrus, and he is mentioned again by Xenophon as watching their movements, when, in the course of their retreat, they were crossing the bridge over the Tigris. (Xen. Anab. i. 4. § 16,5, § 7, ii. 1. § 3, 4. § 24.) fE. E.J

GLYCAS, MICHAEL (Mi%c«)A d r\vKas)9 a Byzantine historian, was a native either of Con­stantinople or Sicily, whence he is often called " Siculus." There are great doubts with regard to the time when he lived. Oudin, Hamberger, and others, are of opinion that he was a contemporary of the last emperors of Constantinople, as may be concluded from letters of his being extant in MS. which are addressed to the last Constantine, who perished in the storm of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453: but it is doubtful whether those letters are really written by him. Walch, Fabri-cius, Vossius, and Cave, on the contrary, believe that Glycas lived in the twelfth century. However this may be, it is certain that he lived after 1118, because his Annals go down to that year. Glycas was probably an ecclesiastic: he possessed an ex­tensive amount of knowledge, and he was ac­quainted with several languages. His style is generally clear and concise, and he is justly placed among the better Byzantine historians. The An­nals (jSi'SAos x/jow/m?) mentioned above are his principal work. They are divided into four parts. The first part treats of the creation of the world : it is a physico-theological treatise ; the second part is historical, and contains the period from the Creation to Christ ; the third goes from Christ to Constantine the Great ; and the fourth from Constantine the Great to the death of the em-peror Alexis I. Comnenus, in 1118. It was first published in a Latin translation, by Leunclavius, together with a continuation of the Annals down to the capture of Constantinople, by the editor, Basel, 1572, 8vo. The first part of the work was first published in Greek, with a Latin translation, by Meursius, under the title of "Theodori Metochi-tae HistoriaeRomanaea Julio Caesaread Constan-tinum Magnum,"Lugdun. 1618, 8vo.; and it is also given in the 7th vol. of Meursius'works: Meursius erroneously attributed it to Theodoras Metochita, The whole of the Greek text was first published by Labbe, who took great care in collecting MSS., and added valuable notes, as well as the translation of Leunclavius, which he revised in many places. This edition forms part of the Paris collection of the

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GLYCERIUS.

Byzantines, and appeared at Paris 1660, fol,; it was reprinted at Venice 1729, fol. The best edition is by I. Bekker, in the Bonn collection of the Byzantines, 1836, 8 vo.

Besides this historical work, Glycas wrote a great number of letters, mostly on theological sub­jects ; some of them have been published, under the title of " Epistolae sive Dissertationes decem et Graece et Latine, interprete J. Lamio, cum Notis,"inthe first vol. of J. Lamius, Deliciae Eru-ditorum. (Dissertatio de Aetate et Scriptis Mt Glycae, in Oudin, Commentaritts de Scriptoribus JEcctesiasticiSi vol. iii. p. 2522 ; Vita Glycae, in Lamius, Deliciae Eruditorum ; Hamberger, Zuver-lassige Nachricliten von gelehrten Mannern9 vol. iv. p. 729, &c.j Cave, Hist. Lit. vol. ii. p. 206, &c.; Fabric. Bibl. Grace, vol. xi. p. 199.) [W. P.]

GLYCERA (rAwt'pa), "the sweet one," a favourite name of hetairae. The most celebrated hetairae of this name are, 1. The daughter of Tha-lassis and the mistress of Harpalus. (Athen. xiii. pp. 586, 595, 605, &c.) [harpalus.] 2. Of Si-cyon, and the mistress of Pausias. [pausias.] 3. A favourite of Horace. (Hor. Carm. i. 19. 30. iii. 19.29.) GLYCE'RIUS, one of the phantom emperors of the latest period of the western empire. Before his accession he held the office of Comes domesti-corum, and is described by Theophanes as dvrfp <jvk d^KifjLos (" a man of good reputation "). After the death of the emperor Olybrius and the patrician Ricimer, Glycerius was instigated to assume the empire by Gundibatus or Gundobald the Burgun-dian, Ricimer's nephew. His elevation took place at Ravenna in March, a. p. 473. His reign was too short, and the records of it are too obscure, for us to form any trustworthy judgment of his cha­racter. He showed great respect for Epiphanius, bishop of Ticinum or Pavia, at whose intercession he pardoned some individuals who had incurred his displeasure by some injury or insult offered to his mother. When Widemir, the Ostro-Goth, invaded Italy, Glycerius sent him several presents, and induced him to quit Italy and to march into Gaul, and incorporate his army with the Visi-Goths, who were already settled in that province. This event, which is recorded by Jornandes, is, by Tillemont, but without any apparent reason, placed before the accession of Glycerius. The eastern emperor Leo I., the Thracian, does not appear to have acknowledged Glycerius ; and, by his direc-tion, Julius Nepos was proclaimed emperor at Ravenna, either in the latter part of 473 or the beginning of 474. Nepos marched against Gly­cerius, and took him prisoner at Portus (the harbour of Rome at the mouth of the Tiber), and compelled him to become a priest. He was ap­pointed then, or soon afterward, to the bishoprick of Salona in Dalmatia.

The subsequent history of Glycerius is involved in some doubt. The Chronicon of Marcellinus com­prehends the notice of his deposition, ordination to the priesthood, and death in one paragraph, as if they had all happened in the same year. But accord­ing to Malchus, he was concerned in the death of the emperor Nepos, who, after being driven from Italy by the patrician Orestes, preserved the im­perial title, and apparently a fragment of the em­pire, at Salona, and was killed (a. d. 480) by his own followers, Viator and Ovida or Odiva, of whom the second was conquered and killed the year after by Odoacer. A Glycerius appears among

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