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who had to superintend the public veetigalia and to prosecute those who had before managed them badly. In the reign of Galba he was praefect of the city. (Tac. Ann. xv. 18, Hist. i. 14.) [L. S.]

GFMINUS, FU'FIUS. In b.c. 35, when Octavianus, after subduing the Pannonians, retired to Rome, he left Fufius Geminus, with a part of his army, behind in Pannonia. Soon after the de­ parture of Octavianus, the Pannonians rose again ; but Geminus succeeded in compelling them, by several battles, to remain quiet, although he had at first been driven by them from the town of Siscia. [Dion Gass. xlix. 36.) He seems to be the same person as the one whom Floras (iv. 12. § 8) calls Vibius. Whether he stood in any relation to C. Fufius Geminus, who was consul in A. d. 29, is inknown. (Tac. Ann. v. 1.) [L. S.]

GEMINUS, L. RUBE'LLIUS, consul in A.. d. 29, with C. Fufius Geminus. (Tac. Ann. T.I.) - [L. S.]

GEMINUS, SERVI'LIUS. 1. P. servilius, '<£. f. cn. N. geminus, was consul in b.c. 252, .vith C. Aurelius Gotta. Both consuls carried on

•,he war in Sicily against the Carthaginians, and some towns were taken by them. Himera was imong the number ; but its inhabitants had been ;arried off by the Carthaginians. In b. c. 248 he ivas consul a second time, with his former colleague, md besieged Lilybaeum and Drepana, while Car-halo endeavoured to make a diversion by a descent ipon the coast of Italy. (Zonar. viii. 14, 16.)

2. cn. servilius, P. p. Q. n. geminus, a son )f No. 1, was consul in b.c. 217, with C. Flami-lius. He entered his office on the ides of March, md had Gaul for his province. He afterwards ?ave up his army to the dictator, Q. Fabius, and ivhile his colleague fought the unfortunate battle of ake Trasimenus, Cn. Servilius sailed with a fleet )f 120 ships round the coasts of Sardinia and Corsica in chase of the Carthaginians; and having received hostages everywhere, he crossed over into Africa. On his voyage thither he ravaged the sland of Meninx, and spared Cercina only on the

•eceipt of ten talents from its inhabitants. After le had landed with his troops in Africa, they in-lulged in the same system of plunder ; but being sareless and unacquainted with the localities, they vere taken by. surprise and put to flight by the nhabitants. About one thousand of them were tilled, the rest sailed to Sicily, and the fleet being here entrusted to P. Sura, who was ordered to ;ake it back to Rome, Cn. Servilius himself tra­velled on foot through Sicily ; and being called >ack by the dictator, Q. Fabius Maximus, he crossed ;he straits, and went to Italy. About the autumn le undertook the command of the army of Minu-;ius, and, in conjunction with his colleague M. \tilius Regulus, he carried on the war against Hannibal, though he carefully avoided entering nto any decisive engagement. His imperium was >rolonged for the year 216 ; and before the battle j >f Cannae he was the only one who agreed with 1 ;he consul L. Aemilius Paullus in the opinion that i battle should not be ventured upon. However, he battle was fought, and Cn. Servilius himself vas found among the dead. (Liv. xxi. 57, xxii. I, 31, 32, 43, 49; Polyb. iii. 75, 77, 88, 96, 106, 114, 116 ; Appian, Annib. 8, 12, 16, 18, 19, 22

•24; Cic. Tusc. i. 37.)

3. M. servilius, C. p. P. n. palex ge-hinus, was elected augur in b.c. 211, in the



place' of Spurius Carvilius, who had died ; and in b.c. 203 he was curule aedile, and, conjointly with his colleague, he dedicated a golden quadriga on the Capitol. In the year same he was magis-ter equitum to the dictator, P. Sulpicius Galba, with whom he travelled through Italy, to .ex­amine the causes which had led several towns to revolt against Rome. In b. c. 202 he was consul with Tib. Claudius Nero, and obtained Etruria for his province, which he occupied with his two legions, and in which his imperium was prolonged for the year following. In b. c. 200 he was one of the ten commissioners to distribute land inSamnium and Appulia among the veterans of Scipio. In b.c. 197 he was one of the triumvirs appointed for a period of three years, to establish a series of colonies on the western coast of Italy. In b. c. 167, during the disputes as to whether a triumph was to be granted to Aemilius Paullus, the con­queror of Macedonia, M. Servilius addressed the people in favour of Aemilius Paullus. (Liv. xxvi. 23, xxix. 38, xxx,:24, 26, 27, 41, xxxi. 4, xxxii., 29, xxxiv. 45, xlv. 36, &c.)

4. M. servilius geminus was consul in a. d.. 3, with L. Aelius Lamia (Val. Max. i. 8. § 11) ; but it must be observed that his cognomen, though mentioned by Valerius Maximus, does not occur in the Fasti. [L. S.]

GEMINUS, TANU'SIUS, a Roman historian who seems to have lived about the time of Cicero. The exact nature of his work is uncertain, although we know that in it he spoke of the time of Sulla. (Suet. Goes. 9.) Plutarch (Goes. 22) mentions an historian whom he calls Tavvcrios, and whom Vos- sius (de Plist.Lat. i. 12) considers to be the same as our Tanusius. Seneca (Epist. 93) speaks of one Tamusius as the author of annals; and it is not improbable that this is merely a slight mistake in the name, for Tanusius ; and if this be so, Tanusius Geminus wrote annals of his own time, which are lost with the exception of a fragment quoted by Suetonius. [L. S.]

GEMINUS, TU'LLIUS, a poet of the Greek Anthology. There are ten epigrams in the An­ thology under the name of Geminus (Brunck, Anal. vol. ii. p. 279 ; Jacobs, Anih. Graec. vol. ii. p. 254), of which the second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and tenth are inscribed, in the Vatican MS. simply, Pe/u^ou, and the eighth Tai^lvov: the first is in-, scribed, in the Planudean Anthology, TuAA/ou rc/Jz/ou, and the seventh has the same heading in the Vatican MS : the 9th is inscribed, in the Pla­ nudean, TuAAfou rejuu/ov, and, in the Vatican, Tv\\iov 'SaSrfvov (i. e. Sabini). It is doubtful whether the Tullius, whose epigrams were, in­ cluded in the collection of Philip, was Tullius Ge­ minus or Tullius Laurea. Most of the epigrams of Geminus are descriptions of works of art. They are. written in a very affected manner. (Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. xiii. p. 897 ; Fabric. .Bibl. Graec. voL iv. p. 498.) [P. S.]


GEMISTUS, GEO'RGIUS (T^pyios 6 Te^-<rr<Js), or GEO'RGIUS PLETHO (6 riA^o)*/), one of the later and most celebrated Byzantine, writers, lived in the latter part of the fourteenth and in the beginning of the fifteenth century. lie was probably a native of Constantinople, but passed most of his life in the Peloponnesus. In 1426 he held a high office, under the emperor Manuel Pa-laeologus. ;.He was called r€jiu<rros, or

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