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GALLUS.

to have been a man of great acquirements and of an amiable character. Among Cicero's letters there are several (ad Fam. vii. 23—27) which are ad­dressed to M. Fadius. It seems that during the civil war he belonged to the party of Caesar, and fought under him as legate in Spain in b. c. 49. He was a follower of Epicurus in his philosophical views, but nevertheless -wrote an eulogy on M. Porcius Cato Uticensis, which is lost. It should be observed that in most editions of Cicero his name is wrongly given as M. Fabius Gallus. (Cic. ad Fam. ii. 14, vii. 24, ix. 25, xiii. 59, xv. 14, ad Att. vii. 3, viii. 3, 12, xiii. 49.)

2. Q. fadius gallus, a brother of No. 1. In B. c. 46 the two brothers had a dispute, and on that occasion Cicero recommended M. Fadius Gallus to Paetus. Cicero calls Q. Fadius a homo toon sapiens. (De Fin. ii. 17, 18, ad Fam. ix. 25.)

3. T. fadius gallus, was quaestor of Cicero in his consulship, b. c. 63, and tribune of the people in b.c., 57, in which, year he exerted himself with others to effect the recal of Cicero from exile. At a later period T. Fadius himself appears to have lived in exile, and Cicero in a letter still extant (ad Fam. v. 18) consoled him in his misfortune. (Cic. ad Q. Frat. i. 4, ad Att. iii« 23, post Red. in Senat. 8, ad Fam. vii. 27.) [L. S.]

GALLUS, FLA'VIUS, was tribune of the soldiers under Antony in his unfortunate campaign against the Parthians in b. c. 36. During Antony's retreat Flavius Gallus made an inconsiderate attack upon the enemy, for which he paid with his life. (Plut. Ant. 42, 43.) [L< S.]

GALLUS, GLI'CIUS, was denounced to Nero by Quintianus as an accomplice in the conspiracy of Piso ; but as the evidence against him was not strong enough to condemn him, he was punished only with exile. (Tac. Ann. xv. 56, 71.) [L. S.j

GALLUS, HERE'NNIUS, an actor whom L. Cornelius Balbus, when at Gades, raised to the rank of an eques, by presenting him with a gold ring, and introducing him to the seats in the theatre, which were reserved for the equites. (Cic. ad Fam. x. 32.) [L. S.]

GALLUS, HERE'NNIUS, a Roman general, legate of the first legion of the army on the Rhine (a. d. 69) was stationed at Bonn when the Bata- vian insurrection broke out, and was ordered by Hordeonius Flaccus to prevent some Batavian co­ horts, which had deserted from the Romans, from uniting with Civilis. Hordeonius recalled his commands, but Gallus was compelled by his own soldiers to fight, and was defeated through the fault of his Belgic auxiliaries. He was afterwards associated with Vocula in the command, after the deposition of Hordeonius, and was in command of the camp at Gelduba when a trifling accident ex­ cited a mutiny among his soldiers, who scourged and bound him ; but he was released by Vocula. When Vocula was killed at Novesium, Herennius was only bound. He was afterwards killed by Valentinus and Tutor, a. d. 70. [CiviLis ; vo­ cula; valentinus]. (Tac. Hist. iv. 19,20, 26, 27,59,70,77.) [P. S.]

GALLICS, NO'NIUS, a Roman general of the time of Augustus, who in b.c. 29 defeated the Treviri and Germans. (Dion Cass. li. 20.) He may possibly be" the same as the Nonius who, ac­ cording to Plutarch (Cic. 38), fought under Pompey against Caesar. [L. S.]

GALLUS, OGU'LNIUS. 1. Q. oc?ulnius,

GALLUS.

L. p. Q. n. gallus, was confeul in b.c. 269 with C. Fabius Pictor, and carried on a war against the Picentes, which, however, was not brought to a close till the year after. This consulship is re* markable in the history of Rome as being the year in which silver was first coined at Rome. In B. c. 257 Q. Ogulnius was appointed dictator for the purpose of conducting the feriae Latinae. (Eu-trop. ii. 16; Liv. Epit. 15 ; Plin. H. N. xxxiii* 13.)

2. M. ogulnius gallus, was praetor in b. c, 181, with the jurisdiction in the city. (Liv. xxxix. 56, xl. 1.) [L.S.]

GALLUS, L. PLO'TIUS, a native of Cisalpine Gaul, was the first person that ever set up a school at Rome for the purpose of teaching Latin and rhetoric, about b.c. 88. Cicero in his boyhood knew him, and would have liked to receive instruc­ tion from him in Latin, but his friends prevented it, thinking that the study of Greek was a better training for the intellect. L. Plotius lived to a very advanced age, and was regarded by later writers as the father of Roman rhetoric. (Sueton, De clar* Rliet. 2; Hieron. in Euseb. Chron. 01. 173, 1; Quintil. ii. 4. § 44; Senec. Conirov. ii. prooem.) Besides a work de Gestu (Quintil. xi. 3. § 143), he wrote judicial orations for other persons, as for Atratinus, who in b.c. 56 accused M. Coelius Rufus. (Comp. Cic. Fragm. p. 461; Schol. Bob. ad Cic. p. Arch. p. 357, ed. Orelli; Varro, de L. L» viii. 36.) [L. S.]

GALLUS, C. POMPEIUS, was consul in a.d. 49 with Q. Verannius. (Tac. Ann. xii. 5; Fasti.) [L. S.]

GALLUSj RU'BRIUS, a contemporary of the emperor Otho, commanded a detachment of troops at Brixellum ; and after the fall of Otho he assisted in suppressing the insurrection among the soldiers, A. d. 69. Shortly after he is said to have insti­ gated Caecina to his treachery against Vitellius; and Vespasian afterwards sent him out to suppress the Sarmatians, in which he succeeded. The C. Rubrius Gallus, who was consul suffectus in a. D. 101, may have been a son of our Rubrius Gallus. (Tac. Hist. ii. 51, 99 ; Dion Cass. Ixiii. 27 ; Joseph. Bell. Jud. vii. 4. § 3.) [L. S.]

GALLUS, SULPI'CIUS. 1. C. sulpicius, C. p. ser. n. gallus, was consul in b. c. 243 with C. Fundanius Fundulus. (Fasti; Diod. Fragm. Vat. p. 60, ed. Dindorf.)

2. C. sulpicius, C. p. C. n. gallus. In b. c. 3 70 Spanish ambassadors came to Rome to com­plain of the avarice and extortion of the Roman commanders in Spain ; and when the senate al­lowed them to choose four Romans as their patrons, C. Sulpicius Gallus was one of them. Towards the end of the year he was elected praetor for b. c. 169, and obtained the jurisdiction in the city as his province. During the great levy which was then made for the war against Macedonia, he protected the plebeians (i. e. the poorer classes) against the severity of the consuls. In b. c. 168 he served as tribune of the soldiers in the army of his friend L. Aemilius Paullus, with whose permission he one day assembled the troops, and announced to them that in a certain night and at a certain hour an eclipse of the moon was going to take placd. He exhorted them not to be alarmed, and not to regard it as a fearful prodigy ; and when at the predicted moment the eclipse occurred, the soldiers almost worshipped the wisdom .of Gallus. In

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