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twice in one year. Fundanius and his colleague, Junius Pullus, therefore changed the form of their action, and then succeeded. This account would make the tribuneship of Fundanius to fall earlier than the common story implies ; since Claudia was not impeached until after her brother's death. (Schol. Bob. in Cic. p. 337. ed. Orelli.)
2. M. fundanius fundulus, one of the ple beian aediles in b. c. 213. With his colleague, L. Villius Tappulus, he accused before the tribes, and procured the banishment of, certain Roman matrons, on a charge of disorderly life. (Liv. xxv. 2.) [W. B. D.]
FURFANIUS POSTUMUS. [PosruMUS.]
FURINA, or FURRINA, an ancient Roman divinity, who had a sacred grove at Rome. (Cic. de Nat. Dear. iii. 18.) Her worship seems to have become extinct at an early time, for Varro (de L. L. vi. 19) states that in his day her name was almost forgotten. An annual festival (Furinalia or FurinaUs feriae) had been celebrated in honour of her, and a flamen (flamen Furinalis) conducted her worship. (Varro de L. L. v. 84, vii. 45.) She had also a temple in the neighbourhood of Satricum. (Cic. ad Q.Frat. iii. 1.) [L. S.]
FURIA GENS, patrician. This was a very ancient gens, and in early times its name was written Fusia, according to the common inter change of the letters r and s (Liv. iii. 4), as in the name Valerius and Valesius. History leaves us in darkness as to the origin of the Furia gens; but, from sepulchral inscriptions found at Tusculum (Gronov. Thesaur. vol. xii. p. 24), we see that the name Furius was very common in that place, and hence it is generally inferred that the Furia gens, like the Fulvia, had come to Rome from Tusculum. As the first member of the gens that occurs in history, Sex. Furius Medullinus, b. c. 488, is only five years later than the treaty of isopolity which Sp. Cassius concluded with the Latins, to whom the Tusculans belonged, the supposition of the Tusculan origin of the Furia gens does not appear at all im probable. The cognomens of this gens are aculeo, bibaculus, brocchus, camillus, cbassipes, Fusus, Luscus, medullinus, pacilus, phi- lus and purpureo. The only cognomens that occur on coins are Brocchus, Crassipes, PUilus, 'Purpureo. There are some persons bearing the gentile name Furius, who were plebeians, since they are men tioned as tribunes of the plebs j and those persons either had gone over from the patricians to the plebeians, or they were descended from ireedmen of some family of the Furii, as is expressly stated in the case of one of them. [L. S.]
FURIUS. 1. P. furius, one of the triumviri agro dando who were appointed after the taking of Antium, in b. c. 467. (Liv; iii. 1.)
2. Q. furius was pontifex maximus in b.c. 449: when the plebs returned from its secession to the Aventine, Q. Furius held the comitia at which the first tribunes of the plebs were appointed. (Liv. iii. 54.)
to lay down his censorship, in accordance with the law. (Liv. ix. 42.)
4. M. furius, defended M. Valerius in the senate from the charges which the Macedonian ambassadors brought against him,B. c. 201. (Liv. xxx. 42.) He seems to be the same as the M* Furius who in b. c. 200 served as legate under L. Furius [No. 5] in the war against the Gauls. (Liv. xxxi. 21.)
5. L. furius, was praetor in the Gallic war, which ensued immediately after the close of the Hannibalian war, b. c. 200. He was stationed at Ariminum, and as the Gauls laid siege to Cremona he hastened thither with his army, and fought a great battle, in which the Gauls, after having sustained enormous losses, were routed and put to flight. This victory created great joy at Rome ; and, on his return, L. Furius claimed the honour of a triumph, which, after some opposition on the part of the elder senators, was granted to him. (Liv. xxxi. 21, 47—49.)
6. C. furius, was duumvir navalis in b. c. 178, during the war against the Istrians. . He had ten ships at his command, to protect the coast as far ad Aquileia. In b. c. 170 he served as legate, and was stationed in the island of Issa, with only two ships belonging to the islanders. But as the Roman senate feared lest Gentius, king of the Illyrians, should commence hostilities, eight ships were sent to him from Brundusium. (Liv. xli. 5, xliii. 11.)
7. P. furius, the son of a freedman, was a partisan of Saturninus and Glaucia, and tribune in b. c. 100. After the murder of Saturninus, when the senate wanted to recal Metellus from exile, P. Furius opposed the senate, and refused to listen to the entreaties of the son of Metellus, who implored that tribune's mercy on his knees. After the expiration of his tribuneship, he was accused' before the people for his actions during his tribune-ship, and the infuriated multitude tore him to pieces in the forum. (Appian, B. C. i. 33; Dion Cass. Fragm. Peiresc. Nos. 105, 109, pp. 43, 45, ed. Rei-marus.)
10. P. furius, an accomplice in the Catilinarian conspiracy. He was one of the military colonists to whom Sulla had assigned lands at Faesulae. (Cic. in Cat. iii. 6 ; Sail. Cat. 50.) [L. S.]
FURIUS, a Roman jurist, who was peculiarly skilful in the jus praediatorium (Diet of Ant. s. v. Praes)) for being himself a praediator, he took a personal interest in the law relating to the subject. It was for this reason that Q. Mucius Scaevola, the augur, though learned himself in every depart ment of the law, used to refer to Furius arid Cas- cellius (who was also a praediator) the clients who came to consult him on praediatorian law. (Cic. pro Balb. 20 ; Val. Max. viii. 12. § 1.) This Furius is probably identical with C. camillus. [See Vol. I. p. 592, b.] [J. T. G.]
C. FUR'NIUS. 1. Tribune of the plebs, b. c. 445, who, as one of the tribunitian college, opposed the rogation, which was brought forward in that year for opening the consulship to the .plebeians.