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FULVUS, the name of a family of the Aurelii, under the empire, from which the emperor Antoninus was descended, whose name was originally T. Aelius Fulvus. (See the genealogical table in Vol. I. pp. 210, 211.)
FUNDANIA, the daughter of C. Fundanius [No. 2], and wife of M. Terentius Varro. [varro]. Fundania had purchased an estate, and Varro composed his three books, De Re Rustica, as a manual for her instruction in the management of it. The first of these books, entitled De Agricultura, is dedicated to her. (Varr. R. R. i. 1.) [W. B. D.j
FUNDANIA GENS, plebeian, first came into notice in the middle of the third century b. c. ; but though one of its members obtained the consulship (b. c. 243), the Fundanii never attained much importance in the state. fundulus is the only cognomen that occurs in this gens. [ W. B. D.]
It is uncertain to whom the two following coins of this gens, both of which bear the name C. Fundanius, are to be referred. The first has on the obverse the head of Jupiter, and on the reverse Victory placing a crown upon a trophy, with a
captive kneeling by the side : the second has on the obverse the head of Pallas, and on the reverse Jupiter in a quadriga, the horses of which are driven by a person sitting upon one of them ; the Q at the top indicates that the coin was a Quina-rius.
FUNDANIUS. 1. M. fundanius, one of the tribunes of the plebs in b. c. 195. In conjunction with another tribune, L. Valerius, Fundanius proposed the abolition of the Oppian sumptuary law, which laid some restrictions on the dress and manners of the Roman women. Valerius and Fundanius were opposed by two members of their own collegium, M. Brutus and T. Brutus, and by one of the consuls of the year, M. Porcius Cato. But the matrons supported the proposed abrogation so strenuously and pertinaciously, that the law was rescinded. (See vol. i. p. 638 ; Liv. xxxiv. 1.)
2. C. fundanius was the father of Fundania, the wife of M. Terentius Varro. Fundanius is one of the speakers in Varro's first dialogue, De Re Rustica; and from the speech there assigned him, he seems to have been a scholar, and acquainted with at least the statistics of agriculture. His account of the increasing luxury of the Roman country-houses may be compared with that of
3. M. fundanius, defended by Cicero, b. c. 65. The scanty fragments of the " Oratio pro M. Fun-danio" do not enable us to understand either the nature of the charge or the result of the trial. (Cic. Fragm. ed. Orelli, p. 445.) Q. Cicero (de Petit. Cons. 5) says that Fundanius possessed great interest in the comitia and would be very serviceable to M. Cicero at his approaching consular election. Cicero held up to ridicule one of the witnesses for the prosecution on this trial, who could not enunciate properly the first letter in the name Funda-nius. (QumtiL Instit. i. 4. § 14.) While proconsul of Asia Minor, b. c. 59, Q. Cicero favoured one C. Fundanius in his demands on the property of Octavius Naso ; and as it is doubtful whether the nbmen of this Fundanius were Marcus or Caius, it is not unlikely that Naso's creditor and the defendant, b. c. 65, were the same person. (Cic. ad Q. FratA. 3..$10.)
4. C. fundanius, perhaps a son of No. 2, is spoken of by Cicero (ad Q. Fr. i. 2. § 3) as a friend of his. He may be the same as the C. Fundanius, a Roman eques, who, in the Spanish war? b. c. 45, deserted Cn. Pompeius the Younger, and came over to Caesar a few days previous to the capture of Ategua (T&bala Veja or Tegua) in Baetica by the Caesarians, on the 19th of February in that year. (Bell. Hisp. 11.)
5. C. funda'nius, a writer of comedies in the. age of Augustus. Horace (Sat. i. 10. 41, 42) praises his management of the slaves and intrigantes of the comic drama. He puts into the mouth of Fundanius (Sat. ii. 8. 19) a description, of the rich but vulgar supper of Nasidienus, that is, of Salvidienus Rufus. (Suet. Octav. 66 ; Vet. Schol. ad Hor. Sat. i. 10. 41.) [W. B. D.]
FUNDULUS. 1. C. fundanius C. f. Q. n. fundulus was one of the plebeian aediles in b. c. 246. He united -with his colleague, Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, in the impeachment of Claudia, one of the daughters of App. Claudius Caecus. [claudia, 1.] After encountering a strenuous opposition from the numerous members and connections of the Claudian gens, the aediles at length imposed a heavy fine on Claudia ; and they employed the money in building on the Aventine hill a temple to Liberty. (Liv. xxiv. 16.) Fundanius was consul in b. c. 243, and was sent into Sicily to oppose Hamilcar Barcas, who then occupied the town of Eryx. The Carthaginian commander sent to the Roman camp to demand a truce for the interment of the slain. Fundanius replied that Hamilcar should rather propose a truce for the living, and rejected bis demand. But afterwards, when Fundanius made a similar proposal, Hamilcar at once granted it, observing that he warred not with the dead. [Gell. x. 6 ; Diod. Fragm. Vatican, p. 53.) The scholiast on Cicero's speech against Clodius and Curio, gives, however, a different version of the history of Fundanius. He impeached, not Claudia, the daughter, but P. Claudius Pulcher, the son of Appius Caecus, for his impiety in giving battle contrary to the auspices, and for his defeat at Drepana. [claudius No. 13.] When the centuries were preparing to vote, a thunder-storm interrupted the proceedings. Other .tribunes then interposed, and prohibited the same impeachment being brought forward by the same accusers