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FLORUS, JU'LIUS SECUNDUS, a dis tinguished orator, the contemporary and dear friend of Quintilian. Julius Florus, named above as famed for his eloquence in Gaul, was the pater nal uncle of Julius Florus Secundus. (Quintil. x. 3, § 13 ; Senec. Controv. iv. 25.) [W. R.]
FOG A or PHOCAS, a Latin grammarian, author of a dull, foolish life of Virgil in hexameter verse, of which one hundred and nineteen lines and a half have been preserved in two fragments, together with a short Sapphic ode, by way of exordium, on the progress of history, addressed to the Muse Clio. The title of the piece, as found in ,MSS., is Vita Virgilii a Foca Crrammatico Urbis Romae Versibus edita, or with the complimentary addition Gframmatico Urbis Romae perspicacissimo et darissimo, from which we may conjecture that he was one of the public salaried teachers who ;jave lectures at Rome under the later emperors, while his name indicates that he was a Greek by extraction at least, if indeed we are not to understand that Rome here denotes New Rome or Constantinople. We know nothing regarding the listory of Foca, nor the precise period when he lourished, except that he lived before Priscian and Uassiodorus, by both of whom he is.quoted. In iddition to the life of Virgil, we have three cou-)lets, In Aeneidem Virgilii9 and two tracts in prose, >ne De Aspiratione, and the other Ars de Nomine <t Verbo, with*a preface in elegiac verse.
The metrical productions of this writer will be bund in the AntM. Lot. ii. 175, 185, 186, 256, d. Burmann, or No. 286—289, ed. Meyer ; the
•rose treatises in Putschius, Grammaticae Latinae iuctores Antiqui, p. 1687 and p. 1722. See also Vernsdorf, Poet, Latini Min.9 vol. iii. pp. 347, 10. [W. R.]
FOCAS, emperor. [phocas.]
FONTANUS, a Roman poet of the Augustan ge, who sang the loves of the nymphs and satyrs. Ov. eoe Pont, iv. 16. 35.) [W. R.]
FONTEIA, one of the vestal virgins in b. c. 9, daughter of C. Fonteius [No. 4], and sister of I. Fonteius [No. 5], at whose trial she was pro- need by Cicero, to move the compassion of the idices in behalf of her brother. (Cic. pro Font. 7.) [W. B. D.]
FONTEIA GENS came originally from Tus-ilum (Cic. pro Font. 14), of which municipium it
•as one of the most distinguished families. The onteii were plebeian (Cic. pro Dom. 44), and 3re the cognomens agrippa, balbus (omitted nder balbus, but given under fonteius), and apito. The cognomen Crassus (Frontin. Stra- ',g. i. 5. § 12, iv. 5. § 8) is an error of the [SS., since there were no Fonteii Crassi. The :st member of this gens, whose name appears on le consular Fasti, is C. Fonteius Capito, one of the >nsuls suffecti in b. c. 33. [W. B. D.] There are several coins of this gens ; but Capito the only cognomen which occurs upon them: lose which have no cognomen upon them are .ven below. The obverse of the first represents a mbk-faced head, which is supposed by Vaillant id others to be the head of Janus, and to indicate tat the race was descended from Fontus, who, we arn from Arnobius (adv. Cfentes, iii. 29), was
Eckhel (vol. v. p. 214, &c.) maintains that the two heads refer to the Dioscuri, who were worshipped at Tusculum with especial honours, and who may be regarded as the Dii Penates of the gens. The heads of the Dioscuri also occur on other coins of the Fonteia gens, as we see in the second specimen figured below. The head on the obverse of the
third coin, with a thunderbolt beneath it, is probably that of Apollo Veiovis ; the reverse represents a winged boy riding on a goat, with the two caps of the Dioscuri suspended above him, and a thyrsus below.
FONTEIUS. 1. T. fonteius, legatus of P. Cornelius Scipio, in Spain, b. c. 212. (Liv. xxv. 32.) After the defeat and death of P. and Cn. Scipio, Fonteius, as prefect of the camp, would have succeeded to the temporary command at least of the legions. But the soldiers, deeming him unequal to conduct a defeated army in the midst of a hostile country, chose instead an inferior officer, L. Marcius, for their leader. (Liv. xxv. 34, 38.) Fonteius, however, seems to have been second in command (xxvi. 17) ; and if he were the same with T. Fonteius mentioned by Frontinus (Stratag. i. 5. § 12, iv. 5. § 8), he was a brave, if not an able, officer.
2. P. fonteius balbus, praetor in Spain, b.c. 169. (Liv. xliv. 17.)
3. M. fonteius, praetor of Sardinia, b. c. 167. [Liv. xlv. 44.)
4. C. fonteius, legatus of the praetor Cn. Servilius Caepio, with whom he was slain in a popular tumult at Asculum in Picenum, on the breaking out of the Marsic or Social War, b. c. 90. (Cic. pro Font. 14 ; Liv. Epit. 72; Veil. Pat. ii. 15 ; Appian, B. C. i. 38; Oros. v. 18.) He was the father of Fonteia (Cic. pro Font. 17), and of No. 5.
5. M. fonteius, son of the preceding. The praenomens of both these Fonteii are very doubtful. (Orelli, Onom. Tull. s. v. Fonteius.) Cicero, enumerates the offices borne by M. or M'. Fonteius in the following order. He was a triumvir, but