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On this page: Fidiculanius – Figulus – Fimbria

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FIGUIiUS.

fulness (Cic. de Cffi iii. 29). Numa is said t'o have built a temple to Fides publica^ on the Capitol (Dionys. ii. 75), and another was built there in the consulship of M. Aemilius Scaurus, b. c. 115 (Cic. de Nat. Deor. ii. 23, 31 ; iii* 18 ; de Leg. ii. 8, 11). She was represented as a matron wear­ ing a wreath of olive or laurel leaves, and carrying in her hand corn ears* or a basket with fruit. (Rasche, Lex Num. ii. 1, p. 107.) [L. S.]

FIDICULANIUS, FA'LCULA. [falcula.] .. FI'DIUS* an ancient form of films, occurs in the connection of Dius Fidius, or Medius fidius, that is, me Dius (AwJs) filius, or the son of Zeus, that is, Hercules. Hence the expression medius fidius is equivalent to me Hercules., sciL juvet. (Cic. ad Fam. v. 21; Plin* Epist. iv. 3.) Sometimes Fidius is used alone in the sense of the son of Zeus, or Hercules. (Ov. Fast. vi. 213 ; comp. Varro, de L. L. v. 66; Plaut. Asin. i. 1. 8 ; Varro, ap. Non. viii. 93.) Some of the ancients connected •fidius wife fides. (Festus's. v. medius.) [L. S.] , FI'GULUS, MA'RCIUS. 1. C. marcius C. p. Q. n. figulus, consul in b.c. 162. During the co-mitia for his election the leader of the centiiria prae-rogativa died, and the haruspices declared the election void. Tib. Semproniiis Gracchus, however, the con­sul who presided at the comitia, maintained their va­lidity, and Figulus departed to his province, Cisal­pine Gaul. But afterwards Gracchus wrote to the senate that he had himself committed an error in taking the auspices, and Figulus resigned the consul­ship. (Cic. deNat. Deor. ii. 4, de Divin. ii. 35, ad Q. Frat. ii. 2 ; Val. Max. i. 1. § 3 ; Plut. Marcell. 5; Jul. Obseq. 74; Fast* Cap.) Figulus was again consul in b. c. 156. His province was the war with the Dalmatae in Illyricum. At first he allowed his camp to be forced by the Dalmatae, biit afterwards, in a winter campaign, he succes­sively took their smaller towns, and. finally their capital, Delminium. (Polyb. xxxii. 24 ; Appian, Illyr. 11; Liv. Epit. xlvii.; Florus, iv. 12.)

2. C* marcius figulus, the son of the pre­ceding, a jurist of great reputation, was an unsuc­cessful candidate for the consulship. (Val. Max. ix. 3. §2.)

3. C. marcius C. p. C. n. figulus, consul in b. c. 64. In the debate on the sentence of Cati­ line's accomplices he declared for capital punish­ ment (Cic. ad Ait. xii. 21), and approved of Cice­ ro's measures generally (Philipp. ii. 11.). In his consulship the senate abolished several illegal collegia, as prejudicial to the freedom of the co­ mitia and to the public peace. (Ascon. in Pison. p. 7, ed. Orelli.) His tomb was of unusual costli­ ness (Cic. de Leg. ii. 25). [W. B. D.]

FIGULUS, P. NIGI'DIUS, a Pythagorean philosopher of high reputation, who flourished about sixty years b. c. He was so celebrated on account of his knowledge, that Gellius does not hesitate to pronounce him, next to Varro, the most learned of the Romans. Mathematical and phy­sical investigations appear to have occupied a large share of his attention; and such was his fame as an astrologer, that it was generally believed, in later times at least,;that he had predicted in the most unambiguous terms the future greatness of Octavianus on hearing the announcement of his birth ; and in the Eusebian Chronicle he is styled " Pythagoricus et Magus." He, moreover, pos­sessed considerable influence in political affairs during the last struggles of the republic ; was one

.FIMBRIA.

of the senators selected by Cicero to take down the depositions and examinations of the witnesses who gave evidence with regard to Catiline's conspiracy, b. c. 63; was praetor in b. c. 59 ; took an active part in the civil war on the side of Pompey ; was compelled in consequence by Caesar to live abroad, and died in exile b. c. 44. The letter of consola­tion addressed to him by Cicero (ad Fam. iv. 13), which contains a very warm tribute to his learn­ing and worth, is still extant.

A. Gellius, who entertained the strongest ad­miration for the talents and acquirements of Fi­gulus, says that his works were little studied, and were of no practical value, in consequence of the subtlety and obscurity by which they were charac­terised ; but the quotations adduced by him (xix. ]4) as specimens scarcely bear out the charge, when we consider the nature of the subject. The names of the following pieces have been preserved: De Sphaera Barbarica et Graecanica, De Anima-. libusj De Extis, De Auguriis, De Ventis, Commen-tarii Grammatici in at least twenty-four books. The fragments which have survived have been carefully collected and illustrated by Janus Rut-gersius in his Variae Lectiones9 iii. 16. (Cic. Tim. i., pro Sull. 14, ad Alt. ii. 2, vii. 24, ad Fam. iv. 13 ; Lucan, i. 640 ; Suet. Octav. 94 ; Dion Cass. xlv. 1; Gell. iv. 9, x. 11, xi. 11, xiii. 10, 25, xix. 14 ; Hieron. in Chron. Euseb. 01. clxxxiv.; Augustin, de Civ. Dei9 v. 3 ; Brucker, Histor. Phil. vol. ii. p. 24 ; Burigny, Mem. de rAcadem. Inscrip.^ vol. xxix. p. 190.) [W. R.]

FIMBRIA. 1. C. flavius fimbria, a homo novus, who, according to Cicero, rose to the highest honours in the republic through his own merit and talent. In b. c. 105 he was a candidate for the consulship, and the people gave him the preference to his competitor, Q. Lutatius Catulus ; and accor­dingly, Fimbria was the colleague of C. Marius in his second consulship, b. c. 104. Fimbria must have acquired his popularity about that time, for we learn from Cicero (pro Plane. 21), that previously he had been an unsuccessful candidate for the tribuneship. What province he obtained after his consulship is unknown, but he seems to have been guilty of extortion during his administration, for M. Gratidius brought an action of repetundae against him, and was supported by the evidence of M. Aemilius Scaurus ; but Fimbria was neverthe­less acquitted. During the revolt of Saturninus, in b. c. 100, Fimbria, with other consulars, took up arms to defend the public good. Cicero describes him as a clever jurist; as an orator he had con­siderable power, but was bitter and vehement in speaking. Cicero, in his boyhood, read the speeches of Fimbria; but they soon fell into ob­livion, for, at a later time, Cicero says that they were scarcely to be found any where. (Cic. pro Plane. 5, in Verr. v. 70, Brut. 34, 45, pro Font. 7, pro Rob. perd. 7, de Off', iii. 19, de Orat. ii. 22 ; Ascon. in Cornel, p. 78 ; Val. Max. vii. 2. § 4, viii. 5. § 2; J. Obsequ. 103, where he is errone­ously called L. Flaccus.)

2. C. flavius fimbria, probably a son of No. 1, was one of the most violent partizans of Marius and Cinna during the civil war with Sulla. Cicero (pro Seoct. Rose. 12) calls him a komoauda-dssimus et insanissimus. During the funeral cere­monies of C. Marius, in b. c. 86, C. Fimbria caused an attempt to be made on the life of Q. Mucius Scaevola, and, as the latter escaped with a

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