Scanned text contains errors.
her honours, for she died, a. d. 141, in the thirty-seventh year of her age. The profligacy of her life, and the honours with which she was loaded both before and after her decease, have.been noticed under antoninus Pius. The medals bearing her name and effigy exceed, both in number and variety of types, those struck in honour of any other royal personage afte.r death. One of these represents the temple dedicated to her memory in the Via Sacra, which still remains in a very perfect state. (Capi-ttolin. Anton. Pius, 3? 5 ; Eckhel. vol. vii. p. 37.)
2. annia faustina, or Faustina Junior^ was •the daughter of the elder Faustina. During the life of Hadrian she was betrothed to the son of Aelius Caesar ; but upon the accession of her father, Antoninus Pius, the match was broken off, in consequence of the extreme youth of L. Verus, and it was fixed that she should become the bride of M. Aurelius, although the marriage was not solemnized until a. d. 145 or 146. She died in a village on the skirts of Mount Taurus, in the year A. d. 175, having accompanied the emperor to Syria, when he visited the East for the purpose of restoring tranquillity after the rebellion of Avidius Cassius, which is said to have been excited by her intrigues [M. acjrelius ; avidius cassius]. Her profligacy was so open and infamous, that the good nature or blindness of her husband, who cherished her fondly while alive, and loaded her with honours after her death, appear truly marvellous. (Dion Cass. Ixxi. 10, 22, 29, 31 ; Capitolin. M. Aurel. 6, 19, 26 ; Eutrop. viii. 5 ; Eckhel* vol. vii. p. 76.)
COIN OF FAUSTINA JUNIOR.
5. maxima faustina, the third wile of Con- stantius, whom he married at Antioch in A. d. 360, a short period before his death. She gave birth to a posthumous daughter, who received 'the name of Flavia Maxima Constantia,' and was eventually united to the emperor Gratian. We know nothing with regard to the family of this Faustina, but she appears again in history along with her child, as one of the supporters of the rebel Procopius, who made good use of the presence of the youthful princess to inflame the zeal of his soldiers by re kindling their enthusiasm for the glories of the house from which she sprung. (Ducange, Fam. Byz. p. 48, 59; Amm. Marc. xxi. 6. § 4, 15. § 6, xxvi. 7. $ 10, 9. § 8.) [W. R.]
FAUSTINUS, a presbyter, who adhered to the sect established by the intemperate Lucifer of Cagliari, flourished towards the close of the fourth century. Of his personal history we know almost nothing, except in so far as it can be gleaned from three tracts which bear his name.
1. Faustini de Trinitate s. De Fide contra Aria-?ws ad Flacillam Imperatricem Libri VII. This treatise, the subject of which is sufficiently explained by the title, has been erroneously ascribed to the Spanish bishop Gregorius. It is divided into seven books, or.rather chapters, and must have been composed not later than A. d. 385, since Flacilla, the first wife of Theodosius, died in that year.
3. Libellus Precum, presented to Valentinianus and Theodosius about a. d. 384. It contains a defence of. the tenets of the Luciferiani, craves the protection of the emperors, and is believed to have been the joint work of Faustinus and Marcellinus. Attached to it we find fiPraefatio, from which we learn that the authors had twenty years before taken a most, active part in favour of Ursinus against Damasus [damasus], and had suffered much persecution in consequence. This introduction, which is extremely violent in its representations, appears not to have been drawn up until after the publication of the favourable rescript by Theodosius to the petitions of the Libellus.
The De Trinitate was first printed in the Ortho-doxograph. of Heroldus, fol. Basil. 1555; the Libellus^ by Sirmond (8vo. Paris, 1650, and Sir-mond, Oper. vol. i. p. 230. fol. Paris, .1696), together with the rescript. of^Theodosius and ancient testimonies regarding the controversy between Da-rnasus and Ursinus ; the Fides by Quesnel in the Canones et Constitut. Ecd. Roin.^ vol. ii. p. 138, 4to. Paris, 1675. The collected works of Faustinus will be found in the Bibl. Max. Patrum, Lug-dun. 1677, vol. v. p. 637, and under their best form in the Bibl. Patrum of Galland, vol. viii. p. 441. (Gennadius, de Viris III. 11.) [W. R.] .
FAUSTULUS, the royal shepherd of Amuliiis and husband of Acca Laurentia. -. He found Romulus and Remus as they were nursed by the she-wolf, and carried the twins to his wife ; to be brought up. (Liv. i. 5.) He was believed to have been killed, like Remus, by near relatives, while he was endeavouring to settle a dispute between