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EBURNUS, an agnomen of Q. Fabius Maxi-mus, who was consul in b. c. 116. [MAXiMUS.]
ECDICUS ("EfcSiKos), a Lacedaemonian, was sent out with eight ships, in b. c. 391, to put down the democratic party in Rhodes. On his arrival however at Cnidus, he found that the forces of his
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opponents doubled his own, and he was therefore obliged to remain inactive. The Lacedaemonians, when they heard that he was not in a condition to effect anything, sent Teleutias with a larger arma ment to supersede him. (Xen. Hell.iv.8. §§20— 23;-comp. Diod. xiv. 79, 97.) [E. E/]
ECEBOLIUS ('E/o]&>'Aios), a sophist of Con stantinople, who in the reign of Constantine the Great pretended to be a Christian, but afterwards, in the time of the emperor Julian, conducted him self as a zealous pagan. (Suid. s. #.; Socrat. H. E. iii. 13.) [L. S.]
ECECHEIRIA ('E/cexetpfa), that is, the ar mistice or truce, which was personified and repre sented as a divine being at the entrance of the tem ple of Zeus at Olympia; there was a statue of Iphi- tus, which Ececheiria was in the act of crowning. (Paus. v. 10. § 3,26. § 2.) [L. S.]
ECHECRATES ('Exf/cpcS-n?*). . 1. A Thessa-lian, was one of those whom the ministers of Ptolemy Philopator, when they were preparing for war with Antiochus the Great in b. c. 219, employed in the levying of troops and their arrangement into separate companies. He was entrusted with the command of the Greek forces in Ptolemy's pay, and of all the mercenary cavalry, and did good service in the war, especially at the battle of Raphia in b. c. 217. (Polyb. v. 63, 65, 82, 85.)
ECHECRATES ('Exc/cpaTTjs), the name of three Pythagorean philosophers, mentioned by lamblichus. (Vit. Pytli. ad fin.) 'LA Locrian, one of those to whom Plato is said to have gone for instruction. (Cic. de Fin. v. 29.) The name Caetus in Valerius Maximus (viii. 7, Ext. 3) is perhaps an erroneous reading for Echecrates.
2. A Tarentine, probably the same who is mentioned in Plat. Ep. 9.
31 Of Phlius, was contemporary with Aristox-enus the Peripatetic. (Diog. Lae'rt. viii. 46; comp. Gell. iv. 11; Fabric. BM. Gh-aec. i. p. 861.) [E.E.]
ECHECRATIDES ('Exe^ar^y), a Peripatetic philosopher, who is mentioned among the disciples of Aristotle. He is spoken of only by Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. MijBvfwa), from whom we learn that he was a native of Methymna in Lesbos.
Several other persons of this name, concerning whom nothing is known beyond what is contained in the passages where they occur, are mentioned by Thucydides (i. Ill), Pausanias (x. 16. § 4), Aelian ( V. H. i. 25), Lucian (Timon, 7), and by Anyte in the Greek Anthology, (vi. 123.) [L. S.]
ECHEDEMUS ('ex^uoj), the chief of the Athenian embassy which was sent, in b. c. 190, to
meet Publius and Lucius Scipio at Amphissa, and to obtain peace for the Aetolians. When the consul Lucius refused to recede from the hard terms which had been already proposed by the senate, the Aetolians, by the advice of Echedemus, applied for and obtained a truce of six months, that they might again send ambassadors on the subject to Rome. (Polyb. xxi. 2,3; Liv. xxxvii. 6,7.) [E.E.]
ECHEMBROTUS ('Ex&fyoros), an Arcadian flute-player (avA^Sos), who gained a prize in the Pythian games about 01. 48. 3 (b. c. 586), and dedicated a tripod to the Theban Heracles, with an inscription which is preserved in Pausanias (x. 7. § 3), and from which we learn that he won the prize by his melic poems and elegies, which were sung to the accompaniment of the flute. [L. S.]
ECHEMENES ('Ex^e^s), is mentioned by Athenaeus (xiii. p. 601) as the author of Kprj-n/ca, from which a statement relating to the mythical history of Crete is there quoted. Vossius (de Hist. Graec. p. 436, ed. Westerm.) proposes to read in Fulgentius (Mytliol. i. 14), Echemenes for Euxe-menes, who is there - spoken of as the author of My0oAo7otfyiera, of which the first book is quoted. But this conjecture is without support. [L. S.]
ECHEMON ('Exe^y), a son of Priam, who was killed, with his brother Chromius, by Diomedes. (Horn. II. v. 160; Apollod. in. 12. § 5.) [L. S.]
ECHEMUS (vEx€Aios), a son of Aeropus and grandson of Cepheus, succeeded Lycurgus as king of Arcadia. (Paus. viii. 4. $ 7.) He was married to Timandra, a daughter of Tyndareus and Leda. (Apollod. iii. 10. § 6.) In his reign the Dorians invaded Peloponnesus, and Echemus succeeded in slaying, in single combat, Hyllus, the son of Heracles. (Paus. viii. 5. § 1, 45. $ 2; Schol. ad Find. Ol. x. 79.) The fight was believed to have occurred on the frontier, between Corinth and Me-gara, and in the latter place Hyllus was buried. (Paus. i. 41. § 3, 44. § 14.) After the fall of Hyllus the Heracleidae were obliged to promise not to repeat their attempts upon Peloponnesus within the next fifty or hundred years, and the Tegeatans were honoured with the privilege of commanding one wing of the Peloponnesian army, whenever the inhabitants of the peninsula undertook an expedition against a foreign enemy. (Herod, ix. 26 ; Diod. iv. 58.) The fight of Echemus and Hyllus was represented on the tomb of Echemus at Tegea. (Pans. viii. 53. § 5.) According to Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. 'Efcafrfyueia) Echemus accompanied the Dioscuri in their expedition to Attica, whereas Plutarch (Thes. 32) calls the Arcadian companions of the Dioscuri Echedemus and Marathus. £ L. S.J
ECHENEUS ('Exe^os), the eldest among the nobles of Alcinous in the island of the Phaeacians. (Horn. Od. vii. 155, xi. 341.) [L. S.]
§§ 1, 3.)
ECHEPOLUS ('ExeVccAos). The Homeric