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On this page: Dolius – Dolon – Dolops – Dom – Domatites – Domiduca



in his conduct, that two years after, Tullia left him when she was expecting to become mother of a second child by him. Cicero, who certainly loved his daughter most tenderly, and was aware of the unworthy and contemptible conduct of Dolabella, yet kept up his connexion with him after the di­vorce, and repeatedly assures him of his great attachment. It is difficult to account for this mode of acting on the part of Cicero, unless we suppose that his desire to keep upon good terms with a man who possessed influence with Caesar outweighed all other considerations. Cicero's fond­ness for him continued for a short time after Cae­sar's murder, that is, so long as Dolabella played the part of a republican; but a change took place in Cicero's feelings as soon as Dolabella allied him­self with Antony, and at the time when his crimes in Asia became known, Cicero spoke of him with the utmost bitterness and contempt. (See the nu­merous passages of Cicero relating to Dolabella in Orelli, Onom. ii. p. 1759&c.; comp. Fabric. Vit. Cic. p. 91, with Orelli's note; Dion Cass. xli. 40, xlii. 29, &c., xliii. 51, xliv. 22, 51, xlv. 15, xlvii. 29 ; Suet. Caes. 36, 85 ; Appian, B. C. ii. 41, 122, 129, iii. 3, 7, &c., 24, 26 ; Liv. Epit. 113, 119 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 58, 60, 69 ; Plut. Anton. 9, 10, 11 ; Caes. Sell. Aleoc. 65 ; Oros. vi. 18.)

9. P. cornelius dolabella, a son of No. 8 by his first wife, Fabia. In b. c. 30 he was with Octavianus at Alexandria, and feeling himself at­tracted by the charms of Cleopatra, he betrayed to her that it was her conqueror's intention to carry her to Italy. In a. d. 10, he was consul with C.

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Junius Silanus. On coins he is designated as triumvir monetalis. (Plut. Anton, 84 ; Fast. Cap.; Vaillant, Cornel. 65.)

10. P. cornelius dolabella, a son of No. 9, was proconsul of Africa in the reign of Tiberius, A. d. 23 and 24. In the course of the administra­tion of his province he gained a complete victory over the Numidian Tacfarinas ; but although he had formerly been a very great flatterer of Ti­berius, yet he did not obtain the ornaments of a triumph, in order that his predecessor in the pro­vince of Africa, Junius Blaesius, an uncle of Sej-anus, might not be thrown into the shade. In a. d, 27 he joined Domitius Afer in the accusation against his own relative, Quintilms Varus, (Tac. Ann. iii. 47, 68, iv. 23, &c. 66.)

11. cornelius dolabella, was sent in a. d. 70 by the emperor Qtho into the colony of Aqui- xmm, to be kept there in a sort of libera custo- dia, for no other reason, but because he belonged to an ancient family, and was related to Galba. After the death of Otho he came back to Rome, but one of his most intimate friends, Plancius Varus, denounced him to the praefect of the city, \vho being a man of a mild but weak tempera­ ment, was inclined to pardon him, until Triaria, the wife of Vitellius, prevailed upon him not to sa­ crifice the safety of the princeps to his feeling of clemency. Vitellius, too, became alarmed through her, as Dolabella had married Petronia, a former wife of Vitellius. The emperor, therefore, enticed him to Interamnium, and there ordered him to be put to death. This was the first act of wanton cruejty in the reign of Vitellius. (Tac. Hist. i. 88,ii.63.) [L. S.J

DOLIUS, (AoAios), an aged slave of Penelope, whom she had received from her father on her mar­rying Odysseus, and who took care of her garden.


On the return of Odysseus from his wanderings, Dolius and his six sons welcomed him, and was ready to join his master against the relatives of the suitors. (Horn. Od. iv. 735 ; xxiv. 498.) [L. S.]

DOLON (AoAoov), the name of two mythical personages, both Trojans. (Horn. //. x. 314, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 90.) [L. S.]

DOLOPS (AoAo^/), a son of Hermes, who had a sepulchral monument in the neighbourhood of Peiresiae and Magnesa, which was visible at a, great distance, and at which the Argonauts landed and offered up sacrifices. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 584 ; Orph. Arg. 459.) There are two other mythical personages of this name. (Horn. II. xv. 525, &c.; Hygin. Fab. Praef. p. 2.) [L. S.]

DOMATITES (ao^cit/ttjs), that is, the 'do­ mestic, a surname of Poseidon, at Sparta, which is, perhaps, synonymous with irri^pLos. (Paus. iii. 14. § 7.) [L. S.]

DOMIDUCA and DOMIDU'CUS, Roman surnames of Jupiter and Juno, who, as the gods of marriage, were believed to conduct the bride into the house of the bridegroom. (August, de Civ. Dei, vii. 3, ix. 6.) [L. S.J

DOMl'TIA, a sister of Cn. Domitius Aheno- barbus [ahenobarbus, No. 10], and conse­ quently an aunt of the emperor Nero. She was the wife of Crispus Passienus, who afterwards de­ serted her and married Agrippina, the mother of Nero. It is natural, therefore, that Tacitus should call her an enemy of Agrippina. After the murder of his mother, Nero ordered Domitia, who was already of an advanced age, to be poisoned, in order that he might get possession of the property, which she possessed at Baiae, and in the neigh­ bourhood of Ravenna, on which estates he built magnificent gymnasia. (Tac. Ann. xiii. 19, 21 ; Suet. Ner. 34 ; Dion Cass. Ixi. 17 ; Quintil. vi. L § 50, 3. §74, x. 1. §24.) [L. S.]

DOMl'TIA LE'PIDA, a sister of Cn. Domi­ tius Ahenobarbus [ahenobarbus, No. 10], and of Domitia, and, consequently, like her an aunt of the emperor Nero. She was married to M. Va­ lerius MessallaBarbatus, by whom she became the mother of Messallina, the wife of the emperor Claudius. There existed a rivalry of female vanity between her and Agrippina, the mother of Nero. Both women were equally bad and vicious in their conduct ; Agrippina however succeeded, in A. d. 55, in inducing her son to sentence his aunt to death. (Tac. Ann. xi. 37, &c., xii. 64, &c.; Suet. Claud. 26, Nero, 7.) [L. S.J

DOMl'TIA LONGI'NA, a daughter of Domi­tius Corbulo, was married to L. Lamia Aemi-lianus, from whom she was carried away by Domi-tian about the time of Vespasian's accession. Im­mediately after Vespasian's return from the east, Domitian lived with her and his other mistresses on an estate near the Mons Albanus. Subse­quently, however, he married her, and in a. d. 73 she bore him a son. But she was unfaithful to him, and kept up an adulterous intercourse with Paris, an actor. When this was discovered, in a. d. 83, Domitian repudiated her on the advice of Ursus, and henceforth lived with Julia, the daughter of his brother. Soon after, however, he formed a reconciliation with Domitia, because he said the people wished it ; but he nevertheless continued his intercourse with Julia. Domitia never loved Domi­tian, and she knew of the conspiracy against his life ; as she was informed that her own life was in

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