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On this page: Deiphobe – Deiphobus – Deiphontes – Deipyle

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DEIPHOBUS.

emissaries of Deiotarus, were at Rome to look after his interests (Cic. pro Deiot. 14, 15) ; and they were still there in the following year, b. c. 44, when Hieras, after the murder of Caesar, appears to have obtained from Antony, through Fulvia, the restitution of his master's dominions for 10,000 sestertia (88,541/. 13s. 4^.). Deiotarus, however, had seized by force on the territory in question as soon as he heard of,Caesar's death. (Cic. Phil. ii. 37, ad Alt. xiv. 12, 19, xvi. 3.) In b. c. 42, he joined the party of Brutus and Cassius at'the re­quest of the former, and after Cassius had vainly endeavoured to attach him to them. (Dion Cass. xlvii. 24.) He was succeeded by Deiotarus II. (No. 2), his only surviving son, all the rest of his children having been put to death by him, accord­ing to Plutarch, in order that his kingdom in the hands of his successor might not be shorn of its power. (Pint, de Sioic. Repugn. 32.) This ac­count, if true, warns us to make a large deduction from the praises lavished on him by Cicero. He appears to have had a full share of superstition, and to have been in the habit of paying much attention to auguries. (Cic. de. Div. i. 15, ii. 36, 37.)

2. Son and successor of the above. Already, however, before his father's death, he had received from the Roman senate the title of king, to which some grant of territory was apparently attached. With this Deiotarus, Cicero tells us that his son and his nephew remained, while himself and his brother Quintus were occupied with their campaign in Cilicia, B. c. 51. (Cic. ad Ait. v. 17, 18, Phil. xi. 12.) In the war between Antony and Octavius he took part with the former, but went over from him to the enemy in the battle of Actium, b. c. 31. He was succeeded in his kingdom by amyntas, No. 6. Cicero speaks of him, as well as of his father, in very high terms. (Plut. Ant. 61, 63 ; comp. Dion Cass. 1. 13, Ii. 2 j Strab. xii. p. 567; Cic. Phil. xi. 13.)

3. Son of the younger Castor, and great grand­son of Deiotarus I. He was the last king of Paph-lagonia, and was surnamed &t\d$e\<})os. (Strab. xii. p. 562 ; Clinton. F. H. iii. pp. 545, 546.) [E. E.]

DEIPHOBE (Atffyo&i), a daughter of the seer Glaucus. (Virg. Aen. vi. 36; comp. sibylla.) [L.S.]

DEIPHOBUS (AtftyoSos). 1. A son of Priam and Hecabe, was next to Hector the bravest among the Trojans. When Paris, yet unrecognized, came to his brothers, and conquered them all in the con­test for his favourite bull, Dei'phobus drew his sword against him, and Paris fled to the altar of Zeus Herceius. (Hygin. Fab. 91.) Dei'phobus and his brothers, Plelenus and Asius, led the third host of the Trojans against the camp of the Achae-ans (Horn. //. xii. 94), and when Asius had fallen, Dei'phobus advanced against Idomeneus, but, in­stead of killing him, he slew Hypsenor. (xiii. 410.) When hereupon Idomeneus challenged him, he called Aeneas to his assistance, (xiii. 462.) He

DEIPYLE.

also slew Ascalaphus, and while he was tearing

the helmet from his enemy's head, he was wounded

by Meriones, and led out of the tumult by his

brother, Polites. (xiii. 517, &c.) When Athena

wanted to deceive Hector in his fight with Achilles,

she assumed the appearance of Dei'phobus. (xxii.

227.) He accompanied Helena to the wooden horse

in Avhich the Achaeans were concealed. (Od.

iv. 276.) Later traditions describe him as the

conqueror of Achilles, and as having married Pie-

lena after the death of Paris, for he had loved her,

it is said, before, and had therefore prevented her

being restored to the Greeks. (Hygin. Fab. 110 ;

Dictys. Cret. i. 10, iv. 22; Serv. ad Aen. ii. 166;

Tzetz. ad Lycopk. 168 ; Schol. ad Horn. II. xxiv.

251 ; Eurip. Troad. 960.) It was for this reason

that, on the fall of Troy all the hatred of the

Achaeans was let loose against him, and Odysseus

and Menelaus rushed to his house, which was

among the first that were consumed by the flames.

(Horn. Od. viii. 517; Serv. ad Aen. ii. 310.) He

himself was killed by Helena (Hygin. Fab. 240) ;

according to other traditions, he fell in battle

against Palamedes (Dares Phryg. 26); or he was

slain and fearfully mangled by Menelaus (Diet.

Cret. v. 12; Quint. Smyrn. xiii. 354, &c.; Eustath.

ad Horn. p. 894.) In this fearful condition he was

found in the lower world by Aeneas, who erected

a monument to him on cape Rhoeteum. (Virg.

Aen. vi. 493, &c.) His body, which remained

unburied, was believed to have been changed into

a plant used against hypochondriasis. Pausanias

(v. 22. § 2) saw a statue of him at Olympia, a

work of Lycius, which the inhabitants of Apollonia

had dedicated there.

2. A son of Hippolytus at Amyclae, who puri­ fied Heracles after the murder of Iphitus. (Apol- lod. ii. 6. § 2 ; Diod. iv. 31.) [L. S.j

DEIPHONTES (AijiV/xWrjs), a son of Anti- machus, and husband of Hyrnetho, the daughter of Temenus the Heracleide, by whom he became the father of Antimenes, Xanthippus, Argeius, and Orsobia. When Temenus, in the division of Pelo­ ponnesus, had obtained Argos as his share, he be­ stowed all his affections upon Hyrnetho and her husband, for which he was murdered by his sons, who thought themselves neglected. But after the death of Temenus, the army declared Dei'phontes and Hyrnetho his rightful successors. (Apollpd. ii. 8. § 5.) According to Pausanias (ii. 19. § 1), the sons of Temenus formed indeed a conspiracy against their father and Dei'phontes; but after Temenus's death it was not Dei'phontes that succeeded him, but Ceisus. Dei'phontes, on the other hand, is said to have lived at Epidaurus, whither he went with the army which was attached to him, and from whence he expelled the Ionian king, Pity- reus. (Pans. ii. 26. § 2.) His brothers-in-law, however, who grudged him the possession of their sister Hyrnetho, went to Epidaurus, and tried to persuade her to leave her husband; and when this attempt failed, they carried her off by force. Dei'­ phontes pursued them, and after having killed one of them, Cerynes, he wrestled with the other, who held his sister in his arms. In this struggle, Hyr­ netho was killed by her own brother, who then escaped. Dei'phontes carried her body back to Epidaurus, and there erected a sanctuary to her. (Pans. ii. 28. § 3.) [L. S.]

DEIPYLE (ATjiVrfATj), a daughter of Adrastus and Arnphithea. She was the wife of Tydeus, by

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