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On this page: Damagoras – Damalis – Damaratus – Damarete – Damascenus

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DAMASCENUS.

Jacobs, AnthoL Graec. ii. 39,, xiii. 870, 880; Fabric. Bill. Grace, iv. p. 470.) [P. S.]

DAMAGORAS (Ac^cryopas), a Rhodian ad­ miral in the war against Mithridates. After an engagement with the king's fleet, the Rhodians missed one trireme, and not knowing whether it had been taken by the enemy, they sent out Da­ magoras with six quick-sailing vessels to search for it. Mithridates attacked him with twenty-five ships, and Damagoras retreated, till about sunset the king's fleet withdrew. Damagoras then sailed forth again, sunk two of the king's ships, and drove two others upon the coast of Lycia, and in the night returned to Rhodes. (Appian, Mithrid. 25.) " [L. S.]

DAMALIS (AcfyiccAw), the wife of the Athe­nian general, Chares. She accompanied her hus­band, and while he was. stationed with his fleet near Byzantium, she died. She is said to have been buried in a neighbouring place, of the name of Damalis, and to have been honoured with a monument of the shape of a cow. According to a mythical tradition, lo on her wandering landed at Damalis, and the Chalcedonians erected a bronze cow on the spot. (S3'meon Mag. de Constant. Por-pliyr. p. 729, ed. Bonn ; comp. Polyb. v. 43.) [L.S.]

DAMARATUS. [demaratus.]

DAMARETE. [demakete.]

DAMASCENUS, JOANNES ('ludwris Aa-juacr/cTjj'os), a voluminous ecclesiastical writer, who flourished during the first half of the eighth cen­tury after Christ, in the reigns of Leo Isuuricus and Constantine VII. He was a native of Da­mascus, whence he derived his surname, and be­longed to a family of high rank. His oratorical powers procured him the surname of Chrysorrhoas, but he was also stigmatized by his enemies with various derogatory nicknames, such as Sarabaita, Mansur, and Arclas. He devoted himself to the service of the church, and after having obtained the dignity of presbyter, he entered the monastery of St. Saba at Jerusalem, where he spent the re­mainder of his life, devoting himself to literary pursuits, especially the study of theology. He seems to have died, at the earliest, about a. D. 756, and his tomb was shewn near St. Saba down to a very late period. He is regarded as a saint both by the Greek and Latin churches; the former ce­lebrates his memory on the 29th of November and the 4th of December, and the latter on the 6th of May. His life, which is still extant, was written

V ' '

by Joannes, patriarch of Jerusalem; but little confidence can be placed in it, as the facts are there mixed up with the most incredible stories. It is printed in Surius's Lives of the Saints, under the 6th of May.

All the writers who mention Joannes Damas-cenus agree in asserting, that he surpassed all his contemporaries as a philosopher and by the exten­sive range of his knowledge. This reputation is sufficiently supported by the great number of his works which have come down to us, though he was extremely deficient in critical judgment, which is most apparent in the stories which he relates in confirmation of the doctrines he propounds. He was a strong opponent of those who insisted upon removing all images from the Christian churches, and upon abolishing prayers for the dead. We pass over the several collections of his works, as well as the separate editions of single treatises, and only refer our readers to the best edition of

DAMASCENUS.

liis works, which was prepared and edited by Michael le Quien, Paris, 1712, in 2 vols. fol., though it is far from containing all the works that are still extant under his name, and are buried in MS. in the various libraries of Europe. It con­tains the following works : 1. Kec/>dAcua <pL\offo-tyiKci,, or the main points of philosophy and dialec­tics. 2. Tl€pl cupecrewy, on heresies and their origin. 3. ^EtfSocns dicpi€r)s rfjs opQofio^ov TnVrecos, an accurate exposition of the orthodox faith. 4. TLpos rovs SiaSd^Aovras to,s dyias ei/coVos, a treatise against those who opposed the use of images in churches. 5. Ai'£eAAos Trc-pl opBov rrpo-WTj/xaros, that is, a confession of faith. 6. To/zos, i. e. a work against the Jacobites and Monophysites or Entychians. 7. Kara Maz^xatW StaAcryos, a discourse against the Manicheans. 8. Aidhoyos ^apatc-rjvov ical Xpicrrta^ou, a dialogue between a Saracen and a Christian. 9. riepl 5pa/coWwy, a fragment on dragons. 10. Tlepl dyias rpidSos, on the holy trinity. 11. TLzpi rod Tpurayiov vjjlvov, on the hymn entitled Trisagium. 12. ITepl tcoi> dyitav ^crreico^, on fasts. 13. Hep) t&v d/crw rrjs Troviiptas irvtvpidruv, on the eight spirits of wick­edness. 14. 'Elcraywyri fioyijMTOjv a"rotxe"^(5?]S? elementary instruction in the Christian dogmas, 15. Ilepi vvvQirov ^ufrecos, a treatise directed against the Aeephaliaris. 16. ITept rwv zv tv . Xpi<rr<£ Si5o ^Xrjp.drooi' ical ez/epyercoz/ Kal honr&v (puffix&v {Sio^uaTOjy, on the twofold will and action of Christ, and on the other physical properties. 17. "E'/ros uLKQLQtffTarov tear a S-soarvyovs aipeaews too;/ NecrTopiaj'i£z/, against the heresies of the Nes-torians. 18. A number of fragments on various subjects. 19. natrxaAioy, or a paschal canon.

20. A fragment of a letter on the nature of man.

21. A treatise on those who had died in the faith of Christ, and on the manner in which their souls may be benefited by masses and alms. 22. A letter on confession. 23. Aoyos dTroSsiiCTiicos Trepi t&v dyiuv Kal crenrccv eitfoVcov, an oration on the veneration clue to sacred images. 24. An epis­ tle on the same subject, addressed to Theophilus. 25. Tlepl r&v d^UjUwy, on the feast of unleavened bread. 26. An epistle addressed to Zacharias, bishop of the Doari. 27. An exposition of the Christian faith : it is only in Latin, and a transla­ tion from an Arabic MS. 28. Some poems in iambics on sacred subjects. 29. An abridgment of the interpretation of the letters of St. Paul by Joannes Chrysostomus. 30. 'lepd TrapctAATjAa, sacred parallels, consisting of passages of Scripture compared with the doctrines of the early fathers. 31. A number of homilies. (Fabric. BibL Graec. ix. pp. 682-744; Cave, Hist. Lit. i. p. 482, &c., ed. London, 1688.) [L. S.]

DAMASCENUS, NICOLAUS (NiK6\aos A«-juacr/o^s), a famous Greek polyhistor, who lived in the time of Herod the Great and the emperor Augustus, with both of whom he was connected by intimate friendship. He was, as his name in­dicates, a native of Damascus, and the son of An-tipater and Stratonice. His parents were distin­guished no less for their personal character than for their wealth, and his father, who was a highly esteemed orator, was not only invested with the highest magistracies in his native place, but was employed on various embassies. Nicolaus and his brother Ptolemaeus were instructed from their childhood in everything that was good and useful. Nicolaus in particular shewed great talents, and

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