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On this page: Cossutianus Capito – Cossutius – Cotiso – Cotta



the title of consul, either on account of his having filled that dignity or in consideration of his holding at the time the consular tribunate. (Liv. iv. 19, 20, 30—32; Pint. Romul. 16, Marcell. 8; Niebuhr, ii. p. 458, &c. ; Propert. iv. 10. 23, &c.? who gives quite a different account.)

3. P. cornelius A. f. P. n. Cossus, consular tribune in b. c. 415. (Liv. iv. 49; Diod. xiii. 34.)

4. cn. cornelius A. f, M. n. Cossus, consular tribune in b. c. 414, and consul in 409 with L. Furius Medullinus II., the year in which plebeian quaestors were first created. (Liv. iv. 49, 54; Diod. xiii. 38.)

5. A. cornelius A. f. M. n. Cossus, brother of No. 4, consul in b. c. 413 with L. Furius Me­dullinus. (Liv. iv. 51; Diod. xiii. 43.)

6. P. cornelius A. f. M. n. Cossus, brother of Nos. 4 and 5, consular tribune in b. c. 408? in which year a dictator was appointed on account of the war with the Volsci and Aequi. (Liv. iv. 56 ; Diod. xiii. 104.)

7. P. cornelius M. f. L. n. rutilus Cossus, dictator in b. c. 408, defeated the Volsci near An-tium, laid waste their territory, took by storm a fort near lake Fucinus, by which he made 3000 prisoners, and then returned to Rome. He was consular tribune in b. c. 406. (Liv. iv. 56, 58.)

8. cn. cornelius P. f. A. n. Cossus, consular tribune in b. c. 406, when he was left in charge of the city while his colleagues marched against Veii, consular tribune a second time in 404, and a third time in 401, in the last of which years he laid waste the country of the Capenates, but the enemy did not venture upon a battle. Cossus was a moderate man in the party struggles of his day. He caused a third stipendium to be paid to those horsemen, who were not supplied with a horse by the state, and was supposed to have procured the elevation of his half-brother or cousin, the plebeian P. Licinius Calvus, to the consular tribunate in b. c. 400. (Liv. iv. 58, 61, v. 10, 12.)

9. P. cornelius maluginensis Cossus, con­sular tribune b. c. 395, when he ravaged the ter­ritory of the Falisci, and consul in 393 with L. Valerius Potitus; but he and his colleague were obliged to resign their office in consequence of some defect in the election, and L. Lucretius Fla-vus Triciptinus and Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus were appointed in their stead. (Liv. v. 24; Fasti.)

10. A. cornelius Cossus, was appointed dic­tator b. c. 385, partly on account of the Volscian war, but chiefly to crush the designs of Manlius. The dictator at first marched against the Volsci, whom he defeated with great slaughter, although their forces were augmented by the Latini, Hernici and others. He then returned to Rome, threw Manlius into prison, and celebrated a triumph for the victorv he had gained over the Volsci. (Liv. vi. 11—16.)"

11. A. cornelius Cossus, consular tribune in b. c. 369, and a second time in 367, in the latter of which years the Licinian laws were passed. (Liv. vi. 36, 42.)

12. A. cornelius Cossus arvina. [arvina.] COSSU'TIA, the first wife of C. Julius Caesar, belonged to an equestrian family, and was very rich. She was betrothed to Caesar by his parents, while he was very young, but was divorced by him in his seventeenth year, that he might marry Cornelia, the daughter of Cinna. (Suet. Goes. 1.) COSSU'TIA GENS of equestrian rank (Suet. ;


Caes. 1)? never attained to any importance. It is conjectured by some from Cicero's mention of the Cossutianae tabulae^ near Caesena, in Gallia Cisal-pina (ad Fam. xvi. 27), that the Cossutii came originally from that place. On coins of this gens we find the cognomens Maridianus and Sabula^ but none occur in history.

COSSUTIANUS CAPITO. [Capito, p. 602, a.]

M. COSSU'TIUS, a Roman knight, a man of the greatest respectability and integrity, who lived in Sicily during the administration of Verres, and defended Xeno before the latter. (Cic. Verr. iii. 22, 80.)

COSSUTIUS, a Roman architect, who rebuilt at the expense of Antiochus Epipbanes of Syria the temple of the Olympian Zeus at Athens, about b. c. 168, in the most magnificent Corinthian style. The temple, however, in its present form, which had been deprived of its pillars by Sulla, was finished by Hadrian. (Vitruv. Praef. vii. ; Liv. xli. 20; Veil. Pat. i. 10 ; Athen. v. p. 594, a.; Strab. ix. p. 396 ; Plin. H. N. xxxvi. 5 ; Jacobs, Amaltli. ii. p. 249; Bockh, Corp. Inscr. i. n. 362, 363.) [L. U.]

COTISO, a king of the Dacians, who was con­quered in the reign of Augustus by Lentulus. (Flor. iv. 12 ; Hor. Carm. iii. 8. .18.) He seems to be the same as the Cotiso, king of the Getae, to whom, according to M. Antony, Augustus be~ trothed his daughter Julia, and whose daughter Augustus himself sought in marriage. (Suet. Aug. 63.)

Q. CO'TIUS surnamed ACHILLES on ac­count of his bravery, accompanied, as a legate, the consul Q. Metellus Macedonicus in his campaign against the Celtiberi in Spain, b.c. 143, and dis­tinguished himself by slaying two of the enemy in single combat. (Val. Max. iii. 2. § 21.)

COTTA, AURE'LIUS. 1. C. aurelius cotta, was consul in b. c. 252, with P. Servilius Geminus, and both consuls carried on the war in Sicily against the Carthaginians with great success. Among several other places they also took Himera, but its inhabitants had been secretly removed by the Carthaginians. Afterwards Cotta borrowed ships from Hiero, and having united them with the remnants of the Roman fleet, he sailed to Lipara, the blockade of which he left to his tri­bune, Q. Cassius, with the express order not to engage in a battle ; but, during the absence of the consul, Cassius notwithstanding allowed him­self to be drawn into an engagement, in which many Romans were killed. On being informed of this Cotta returned to Lipara, besieged and took the town, put its inhabitants to the sword, and deprived Cassius of his office of tribune. Cotta was celebrated for the strict discipline which he maintained among his troops, and of which several instances are on record. During the siege of Lipara one of his own kinsmen, P. Aurelius Pecu-niola, was scourged and degraded to the rank of a common soldier, because through his fault a part of the camp was set on fire, in consequence of which almost the whole camp fell into the hands of the enemy. It was probably during the same campaign, that he acted with great rigour towards the equites who refused to obey his commands. (Frontin. Strateg. iv. 1. § 22.) At the close of his consulship Cotta triumphed over the Carthaginians and Sicilians. In 248 he obtained the consulship

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