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CORNUTUS, a Roman historian, who, according to the account of Suidas (5. v. Kopvovros., where, however, the account of the philosopher L. Annaeus Cornutus and the historian are jumbled together in one article), seems to have been a contemporary of Livy, but very inferior to him in point of merit. His great wealth and the circumstance of his having no children, attracted crowds of admirers around him, but no further particulars are known about him. (G. J. de Martini, Dispui. lit. de L. Annaeo Cornuto, p. 8, &c.) [L. S.]
CORNUTUS, L. ANNAEUS ('Amuos Kop-vovtos}, one of the commentators on Aristotle, concerning whose life but lew particulars are known. The work of Diogenes Lae'rtius is believed to have contained a life of Cornutus, which, however, is lost. (Salmas. Exercit. Plin. p. 888, &c.) Our principal sources of information are Suidas (5. v. Kopvovros)—where, however, only the last words of the article refer to the philosopher, and all the rest to Cornutus the historian—and Eudocia (p. 273). Cornutus was born at Leptis in Libya, and came, probably in the capacity of a slave, into the house of the Annaei, which was distinguished for its love of literary pursuits. The Annaei emancipated him (whence his name Annaeus), and he became the teacher and friend of the poet Persius, on whose intellectual culture and development he exercised a very great influence. He was sent into exile by Nero, for having too freely criticised the literary attempts of the emperor. (Dion Cuss. Ixii. 29.) This happened, according to Hieronymus in his Chronicle, in a. d. 68. The account of Dion Cassius furnishes a characteristic feature of the defiance peculiar to the Stoics of that time, to whom Cornutus also belonged, as we see from the fifth satire of Persius. That he was a man of very extensive knowledge is attested by the authority of Dion Cassius, as well as by the works he wrote.
One of the most important of the philosophical productions of Cornutus was his work on Aristotle's Categories, which is referred to by the later commentators, Simplicius and Porphyrius. (Schol. Aristot. p. 48, b. 13, p. 80, a. 22, ed. Brandis j Simplic. fol. 5, a., ed. Basil.) He seems to have been very partial to the study of Aristotle, for he wrote a work against Athenodorus, an opponent of the Aristotelian philosophy, which, according to Bake's emendation, bore the title 'Avnypatyr} irpos 'A0r)i/oScopoj>, (Simplic. p. 47, b. 22, ed. Brandis; Porphyr. Expos. Arist. Categ. p. 21, ed. Paris; Simplic. fol. 15, b.) He also wrote a philosophical work, entitled 'EAATjwftt) 0eoA.oyia, which is probably still extant, and the same as the much mutilated treatise ITept T-fis twi> ©eaw/^tfcrews, edited by Gale in his " Opusc. Mythol. Phys. Eth." p. 139. (Ritter, Gescli, d. Philos. iv. p. 202.) Others, however, consider this treatise as a mere abridgment of the original work of Cornutus. The Other philosophical productions of Cornutus, which were very numerous, are completely lost, arid not even their titles have come down to us. He also wrote on rhetorical and grammatical subjects. Thus he made, for example, a commentary, on all Virgil's poems, which he dedicated to the poet Silius Italicus. (Suringar, Hist. Grit. Scholiast. Lot. ii. p. 116, &c.) According to the fashion of the time, he also tried his hand in tragedy, in conjunction with his friend Seneca and his pupils Lucan and Persius (Welcker, GriecJi. Trag. iii. p. 1456, &c.); and he is even said to have made attempts at
writing satires. (Wernsdorf, Poet. Lat. Min. iii. p. xvii. 4.) A minute account of his relation to the poet Persius, as well as of his pupils and his literary merits, is given by Ger. Jo. de Martini, Disputatio Litteraria de L. Annaeo Cornuto9 Lugd. Bat. 1825, and in Otto Jahn's Prolegomena to his edition of Persius, Lipsiae, 1843, pp. viii.-—xxvii. (Comp. Stahr, Aristoteles bei d. Romern, p. 71, &c.) [A. S.]
CORNUTUS, CAECI'LIUS, a man of prae torian rank in the reign of Tiberius, who was im plicated, in A. d. 24, in the affair between young Vibius Serenus and his father, and put an end to his life to escape an unjust verdict. (Tac. Ann. iv, 28.) [L. S.]
CORNUTUS TERTULLUS was consul suffectus in a. d. 101 together with Pliny the Younger, who mentions him several times as a person of great merit. (Epist. iv. 17, v. 15, vii. 21, 31.) [L. S.]
COROBIUS (Kopco&os), a purple-dyer of Ita- nus in Crete. When the Theraeans were seeking for some one to lead them to Libya, where the Delphic oracle had enjoined them to plant a colony, Corobius undertook to shew them the way. He. accordingly conducted a party of them to the island of Platea, off the Libyan coast, and there he was left by them with a supply of provisions, while they sailed back to Thera to report how matters stood. As they did not however return to Platea at the time appointed, Corobius was in danger of perishing from hunger, but was relieved by the crew of a Samian ship which had been driven to the island on its way to Egypt. (Herod, iv. 151, 152.) For the connexion of Crete with Thera, and of Samos with Gyrene, see Herod, iv. 154, 162—164. [E. E.]
COROEBUS (Kfyot&w), a Phrygian, a son of Mygdon/was one of the heroes that fought in the Trojan war on the side of the Trojans. He was one of the suitors of Cassandra, and was slain by Neoptolemus or Diomedes. (Paus. ix. 27. § 1 ; Virg. Aen. ii. 341.) [L. S.]
COROEBUS (ko'jmm&w), an Elean, who gained a victory in the stadium at the Olympian games in 01. 1. (b. c. 776.) According to tradition, he slew the daemon Poene, whom Apollo had sent into the country of the Argives. He was represented on his tomb in the act of killing Poene, and his sta tue, which was made of stone, was one of the most ancient that Pausanias saw in the whole of Greece. (Paus. i. 43. § 7, 44. § 1, v. 8. § 3, viii. 26. § 2; Strab. viii. p. 355.) [L. S.]
CORONA, SILI'CIUS, a senator, who voted for the acquittal of Brutus and Cassius, when Oc-tavianus called upon the court to condemn the murderers of Caesar. The life of Silicius was spared at the time, but he was afterwards included in the proscription, and perished in b. c. 43. Plutarch calls him P. Silicius, and Appian Icilius. (Dion Cass. xlvi. 49 ; Plut. Brut. 27 ; Appian, B. C. iv. 27.)
CORONATUS, styled in MSS. Vir Clarissi-mus^ the author of three pieces in the Latin Anthology (ed. Burm. i. 176, v. 155, 157, or Nos. 549—551, ed. Meyer). The first, consisting of twenty-nine hexameters, is a poetical amplifica-