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On this page: Constantinus – Constantinus Bhodius – Constantinus Habmenopulu – Constantinus Lichudes – Constantinus Meliteniota – Constantinus Siculus


tine escaped to Cyprus, where he seems to have remained during the rest of his life. He survived St. Chrysostom, who died in a. d. 407. Constan­ tine edited the Commentary of St. Chrysostom on the Epistle to the Hebrews, consisting of thirty- four homilies, arranged by the editor. Among the Epistles of St. Chrysostom, two, viz. Ep. 221 and 225, are addressed to Constantine, who is perhaps the author of two other Epistles commonly attri­ buted to St. Chrysostom, viz. Ep. 237 and 238. (Cave, Hist. Lit. ii. p. 135, ad an. 404.) [W. P.] ^CONSTANTI'NUS CE'PHALAS (Kwwrrai/- Tlvos 6 Ke^aAas), was the compiler of the most important of the Greek Anthologies, the one which is known by the name of the Palatine Anthology. His personal history is entirely unknown, but in all probability his Anthology was composed at the beginning of the tenth century of our era. An account of the literary history of the Greek Antho­ logy is given under planudes. [P. S.]

CONSTANTINUS,- diaconus and chartophy- lax at the metropolitan church of Constantinople, wrote " Oratio encomiastica in Omnes Sanctos Martyres," the Greek text of which is extant in MS., and which is referred to in the Acts of the second council of Nicaea in " Acta Patrum.." He lived before the eighth century. (Cave, Hist. Lit. ii. d. p. 10; Fabric. Bill. Graee. x. p. 288, xi. p. 270, xii. p. 239.) [W. P.]


CONSTANTINUS, a jurist, a contemporary of Justinian. In A. d. 528, he was one of the commissioners appointed to form the first code. He was then, and in a. d. 529, when the first code was confirmed, mentioned by Justinian with se­veral official titles : vir illustris, comes sacrarum largitionum inter agentes, et magister scrinii libel-lorum et sacrarum cognitionum." (Const. Haec quag necessario, § 1, Const. Summa Reipublicae^ § 2.)

A person of the same name, who is described as an advocate at Constantinople, without any of these official titles, was one of the commissioners appointed to compile the Digest, a. d. 530 (Const. Tanta, § 9), and was also one of the commissioners appointed to draw up that new edition of the Code which now forms part of the Corpus Juris. (Const. Cordi, § 2.)

In the collection of Edicta Praefectorum Prae- torio, first published by Zachariae (Anecdota, Lips. 1843) from a Bodleian manuscript, are three edicts of Constantinus (p. 272). The edicts in this col­ lection belong to the time of Anastasius, Justin, and Justinian. (a. d. 491-565.) Zachariae thinks that the author of these three edicts was the Con­ stantinus who was praef. praet. of the East under Anastasius, as appears from Cod. 8, tit. 48. s. 5, and Cod. 2, tit. 7. s. 22, and that his full name was Asper Alypius Constantinus. (p. 260, nn. 19, 20.) [J. T. G-]

CONSTANTINUS LICHUDES or LICU-DEX, protovestiarius, became patriarch of Con­stantinople about a. d. 1058, and died in 1066. We have two Decreta Synodalia of him, on " Cri­minal Slaves," and on " Priests being arrested for Murder," which are contained with a Latin trans­lation in Leunclavius, Jus Graeco- Romanum. (Cave, Hist. Lit. i. p. 613, ad an. 1058.) [W. P.]






diaconus. lived about 1276, patronized the union of the Greek and Latin Churches, died in exile in Bithynia, and wrote two treatises "De Ecclesiastica Unione Latinorum et Graecorum," and " De Pro-cessione Spiritus Sancti," both, in the Greek text with a Latin translation, contained in Leo Allatius, " Graecia Orthodoxa." (Cave, Hist. Lit. i. p. 738; Fabric. Bill Grace, xi. p. 272, 397.) [W. P.]

CONSTANTINUS, surnamed NICAEUS from the place of his abode, by which surname alone he is usually designated in the Basilica, was aGraeco- Roman jurist. (Basil, iii. p. 372.) He was poste­ rior to Garidas, who flourished in the latter half of the eleventh century of the Christian aera, for in Basilica^ ii. pp. 653, 654, he cites the Sroix^o^ of Garidas He was a commentator upon the Novells of Justinian (Bos. iii. p. 113), and upon the books of the Basilica. (Bas. ii. p. 651, iii. p. 240.) Nic. Comnenus (Praenot. Mystag. p. 371) cites his ex­ position of the Novells. In Bas. iii. p. 208, he speaks of Stephanus as his teacher (J SiSaovcaAos ?),ud>i> Srec^ai/os); but by this expression he may have referred to the jurist Stephanus, who was a contemporary of Justinian, as an English lawyer might call Coke his master. Reiz, however (ad TheopJi. p. 1245), thinks it more probable, that he referred to an Antonius Stephanus, judge and ma­ gistrate, who is said by Nic. Comnenus (Papado- poli) (Praenot. Mystag. p. 404) to have written scholia on the Ecloga of Leo; but G. E. Heimbach (Anecdota, i. p. 221) has in this case clearly ex­ posed the fabrication of Comnenus. In the scholia of Constantinus Nicaeus appended to the Basilica are citations of Cyrillus, Stephanus, and Thalelaeus (iii. p. 141), of Joannes Nomophylus, with whom he disagrees (ii. p. 549), of the Institutes (iii. p. 616), of the Digest (iii. p. 275, ii. p. 650), of the Novells of Leo (iii. p. 186), and of the Basilica (ii. pp. 550, 615, 616, 619, iii. pp. 194, 240). (Reiz, ad TheopJi. p. 1238; Assemani, Bibl Jur. Orient, ii. c. 20, p. 404 ; Pohl, ad Snares. Notit. Basil, p. 134, n. (cr) ; Heimbach, de Basil. Orig. p. 75.) [J. T. G.]

CONSTANTINUS BHODIUS (K«i><rrai>-r?/'os 6 'PoSios), is the author of three epigrams in the Greek Anthology (Jacobs, Paralip. e Cod. Vat. 201—203, xiii. pp. 738—740), the first of which was written, as appears from internal evidence, during the joint reign of the emperors Leo and Alexander, that is, between a. d. 906 and 911. Reiske supposed him to be the same person as Constantinus Cephalas, who compiled the Palatine Anthology. [constantinus cephalas.] The poetry of Constantine himself is barbarous in the last degree. (Jacobs, Anthol Grace, xiii. pp. 874, 875 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec, iv. 469.) [P. S.]

CONSTANTINUS SICULUS (KeowTewT?-vos 6 Si/ceAos), is the author of an epigram in the Greek Anthology on the chair (Spovos) from which he taught, which is followed in the Vatican MS. by the replv of Theophanes. (Jacobs, Paralip. e Cod. Vat. 199, 200, xiii. pp. 737, 738.) Since each poet's name has the title paKapinv added to it, it would appear that they were both dead be­fore the time when the Palatine Anthology was compiled, that is, the beginning of the tenth cen­tury. From the subject of the above-mentioned epigram it is inferred, that Constantine was a rhetorician or philosopher. There is extant in MS. an anacreontic poem by Constantine, a philo-

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