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On this page: Comus – Concolerus – Concolitanus – Concop





2. Eudoxia, married Ja-tines or Zetines, a Turkish emir, and after his death John V. Palaeologus, Emperor of Constanti­nople.

1, (XVIII.) Manuel, Emperor, born 1364, Caesar 1376 ; suc­ceeded his father 1390 (?); submitted to Timur ; died 1412; married Eudoxia, daugh­ter of David, king of Georgia.

3. Anna, married BagratVL, king of Georgia.

4. A daughter, married Tahar-tan or Zahra-tan, emir of Arsinga,

(XIX.) Alexis IV., Emperor; succeeded his father in 1412; murdered between 1445 and 1449 married a Cantacuzenian princess.

2. Alexander, married a daughter of Gatteluzzi, prince of Lesbos.

(XX.) 1. Joannes IV. (Calo-Joannes), Emp.; deposed and killed his father between 1445 and 1449; paid tribute to the Turks; died 1458 ; married a daughter of Alex­ander, king of Ibe­ria.

3. (XXII.) David, the last 4. Maria, 5. A daughter Emperor of Trebizond; seized married married a Tur-the crown from his nephew JohnVlI. Alexis V. in 1458 ; married Palaeolo-

1. Maria Theodora, of the gus, em-house of the Theodori, princes peror of of Gothia in the Crimea ; Constan-

2. Helena (Irene), daughter tinople. of Matthaeus, and grand­daughter of John VI. Cantacuzenus, emperor of Constantino­ple; deposed by Sultan Mohammed II. in 1462 ; exiled with his family to Serres, near Adrianople ; put to death with nearly all his order of the Sultan, probably in 146G.

koman emir in Persia.

6. A daughter; married George Brancowicz, kral (king) of Servia.

A Son, whose life was spared by Mohammed II.


A daughter, married Nicolo Crespo, duke of the Archipelago.

(XXI.) 1. AlexisV., born 1454 ; succeeded his father 1458; deposed in the same year by his uncle David ; put to death by Sultan Mohammed II. after 1462.

3. Catharina, married Usun Hasan, Emir of Diyarbekr, Sultan of Mesopotamia.

9. Anna, her life was spared ; she married a Turkish chief.

8. George, the youngest; said to have adopted the Mohammedan religion; his life was spared, but his fate is doubtful.

1—7. Seven sons, put to death with their father at Adrianople.

A branch of the Comnenian family became ex- J tinct at Rome in 1551 ; another branch flourished in Savoy, and became extinct in 1784. Demetrius ( Comnenus, a captain in the French army, whose .descendants are still alive, pretended to be de­ scended from Nicephorus, one of the sons of the last emperor of Trebizond, David, whose life, ac­ cording to him was spared by Mohammed, and his parentage and name were recognized by letters- patent of Louis XVI., king of France. But his claims will hardly stand a critical examination, notwithstanding many so-called authentic docu­ ments which he published in a rather curious work, " Precis historique de la Maison Imperiale des Comnenes, avec Filiation directe et reconnue par Lettres-Patentes du Roi du mois d'Avril, 1782, depuis David, dernier empereur de Trebizoride, jusqu' a Demetrius Comnene," Amsterdam, 1784, 8vo. (Fallmerayer, Gescliiclite des Kaiserthums von Trapezunt.) [W. P.]

COMUS (Kd)/xos), occurs in the later times of antiquity as the god of festive mirth and joy. He was represented as a winged youth, and Philo- stratus (Icon. i. 2) describes him as he appeared in a painting, drunk and languid after a repast, his head sunk on his breast; he was slumbering in a standing attitude, and his legs were crossed. (Hirt, Myikd. Bilderb. ii. p. 224.) [L. S.]

CONCOLERUS (Ko-yK6\epos)9 the Greek name of Sardanapalus. (Polyb. Fraym. ix,) Other forms of the name are Kovofficoytcohopos (see Suid. s. v.) and @&vocncoyii6.\c:jos, . [E. E.J

CONCOLITANUS (KoyKoXlravos), a king of the Gallic people called Gaesati, and colleague of Aneroestus, together with whom he made war against the Romans, b. c. 225. [aneroestus.] In the battle in which they were defeated, Conco-litanus was taken prisoner. (Polyb. ii. 31.) [E. E.]

CONCOPvDIA, a Roman divinity, the personi­fication of concord. She had several temples at Rome, and one was built as early as the time of Furius Camillus, who vowed and built it in com­memoration of the reconciliation between the patri­cians and plebeians. (Pint. Cam. 42 ; Ov. Fast. L 639.) This temple, in which frequent meetings of the senate were held, but which appears to have fallen into decay, was restored by Livia, the wife of Augustus, and was consecrated by her sou. Tiberius, a. d. 9, after his victory over the Panno-nians. (Suet. Tib. 20; Dion Cass. Iv. 17.) In the reign of Constantine and Maxentius, the temple was burnt down, but was again restored. A second temple of Concordia was built by Cn. Flavins on the area of the temple of Vulcan (Liv. ix. 46, xl. 19 ; Plin. II. N. xxxiii. 6), and a third was vowed by L. Manlius during a seditious commotion among his troops in Gaul, and was afterwards erected on the Capitoline hill. (Liv. xxii. 33.) Concordia is represented on several coins as a matron, sometimes standing and sometimes sitting, and holding in her left hand a cornucopia, and in her right either an olive branch or a patera. (Comp. Ov. Fast. vi. 91; Varr. L, L. v. 73, ed. Miiller; Cic. de Nat. Deor. ii. 23 j Hirt, Mylhol Bilderb. ii, p. 108.) [L. S,]

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