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On this page: Coeratadas – Colaenis – Colaxais – Colchas – Colias – Collega – Colluthus – Colotes – Goes

COLCHAS.

the Icing was obliged to follow his advice. But a short time afterwards, when the Macedonian army had actually commenced its return, Coenus died of an illness, and was' honoured by the king with a splendid burial. Alexander lamented his death, but is reported to have said, that Coenus had urged the necessity of returning so strongly, as if he alone had been destined to see his native coun­try again. (Arrian, Anal. i. 6, 14, 24, 29, iv. 16-18, 27, v. 16, 17, 21, 27, vi. 2-4 ; Curtius,

11. 10, iii. 9, iv. 13, 16, v. 4, vi. 8, 9, viii. 1, 10,

12. 14, ix. 3; Diod. xvii. .57, 61.) [L. S.]

COERATADAS (KoiparetSas), aTheban, com­manded some Boeotian forces under Clearchus, the Spartan harmost at Byzantium, when that place was besieged by the Athenians in b.c. 408. When Clearchus crossed over to Asia to obtain money from Pharnabazus, and to collect forces, he left the command of the garrison to Helixus, a Megarian, and Coeratadas, who were soon after compelled to surrender themselves as prisoners when certain parties within the town had opened the gates to Alcibiades. [clearchus.] They were sent to Athens, but during the disembarkation at the Peiraeeus, Coeratadas contrived to escape in the crowd, and made his way in safety to Deceleia. (Xeii. Hell. i. 3. §§ 15—22; Diod. xiii. 67; Pint. Ale. 31.) In u. c. 400, when the Cyrean Greeks had arrived at Bvzantium. Coeratadas, who was

tj «* j

going about in search of employment as a general, prevailed on them to choose him as their com­ mander, promising to lead them into Thrace on an expedition of much profit, and to supply them plentifully with provisions. It was however al­ most immediately discovered that he had no means of supporting them for even a single day, and he was obliged accordingly to relinquish his command. (Xen. Anal. vii. 1. §§ 33—41.) [E. E.]

GOES (kcotjs), of Mytilene, attended Dareius Hystaspis in his Scythian expedition (see Clinton, F. H. ii. p. 313) as commander of the Mytile- naeans, and dissuaded the king from breaking up his bridge ol boats over the Danube, and so cutting off his own retreat. For this good counsel he was rewarded by Dareius on his return with the ty­ ranny of Mytilene. In b. c. 501, when the lonians had been instigated to revolt by Aristagoras, Goes, with several of the other tyrants, was seized by latragoras at Myus, where the Persian fleet that had been engaged at Naxos was lying. They were delivered up to the people of their several cities, and most of them were allowed to go unin­ jured into exile; but Goes, on the contrary, was stoned to death by the Mytilenaeans. (Herod, iv. 97, v. 11, 37,38.) [E. E.J

COLAENIS (KoAcum), a surname of Artemis in the Attic demos of Myrrhinus, was derived from a mythical king, Colaenus, who was believed to have reigned even before the time of Cecrops. (Paus. i. 31. § 3.) [L. S.]

COLAXAIS or COL.AXES (KoAa£cus), an ancient king of the Scythians, a son of Targitaus, who, according to the Scythian tradition, reigned about 1000 years previous to the expedition of Dareius into Scvthia. (Herod, iv. 5> &c.; Val. Flacc. vi. 48.) " [L. S.]

COLCHAS or CO'LICHAS (K<fo%as, KoA^as), a petty prince of Spain, who ruled over twenty-eight cities, and furnished supplies of troops to Scipio against Mago and Hasdrubal in b. c. 206. (Pol. xi. 20 j Liv. xxviii. 13.) In reward for his

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COLOTES.

services, the Romans increased his dominions (Pol. xxi. 9); but in b. c. 197 he revolted, and drew away seventeen towns from their allegiance to Rome. The rebellion spread widely through Spain, but was eventually suppressed by M. Porcius Cato, Q. Minucius Thermus, and various other com­ manders, in b. c. 195. (Liv. xxxiii. 21, 26, 44, xxxiv. 8—21.) [E. E.]

COLIAS (KwAtas), a surname of Aphrodite, who had a statue on the Attic promontory of Colias. (Paus. i. 1. §4; comp, Herod, viii. 96; Schol. ad Aristopk. Nub. 56.) Strabo (ix. p. 398) places a sanctuary of Aphrodite Colias in the neighbour­ hood of Anaphlystus. [L. S.J

.COLLATI'NUS, L. TARQUI'NIUS, the son of Egerius, who was the son of Aruns, the brother of Tarquinius Priscus. When the town of Collatia was taken by Tarquinius Priscus, Egerius was left in command of the place (Liv. i. 38), and there his son also resided, whence he received the sur­name of Collatinus. He was married to Lucretia, and it was the rape of the latter by his cousin, Sex. Tarquinius, that led to the dethronement of Tarquinius Super-bus,- and the establishment of the republic, b. c. 509. Collatinus and L. Junius Brutus were the first consuls; but as the people could not endure the rule of any of the hated race of the Tarquins, Collatinus was persuaded by his colleague and the other nobles to resign his office and retire from Rome. He withdrew with all his property to Lavinium, and P. Valerius Poplicola was elected in his place. (Liv. i. 57—60, ii. 2 ; Dionys. iv. 64, &c.; Dion Cass. Frag. 24, ed. Reimar; Cic. de Rep. ii. 25, de Off. iii. 10.)

COLLEGA, POMPEIUS, consul with Corne­lius Priscus, a. d. 93, the year in which Agricola died. (Tac. Agr. 44,)

COLLUTHUS (Ko'AAotffloy). 1. A heretic, who seems nearly to have agreed in his opinions with the Manichaeans. He was a presbyter of Alexandria. He was deposed by the council of Alexandria (a. d. 324), and died before A. d. 340. His sect Listed no long time.

2. A heretic of the Monophysite sect, who lived at a later time. Some fragments of his writings are preserved in the acts of the great Lateran council, A. d. 649. (Fabric. Bill. Grace, ix. 245, ed. Harles.) [P. S.]

COLOTES (KoAornjs), of Lampsacus, a hearer of Epicurus, and one of the most famous of his disciples, wrote a work to prove, " That it was im­possible even to live according to the doctrines of the other philosophers" (on Kara rh twv ccAAwz/ </>iAo<ro</>coj> Soy/^ara ou5e £ijv ecmz>). It was de­dicated to king Ptolemy, probably Philopator. In refutation of it Plutarch wrote two works, a dia­logue, to prove, " That it is impossible even to live pleasantly according to Epicurus," and a work entitled "Against Colotes." (Plut. Oper. pp. 1086 —1127.) The two works stand in the editions in this order, which should be reversed. It may be collected from Plutarch, that Colotes was clever, but vain, dogmatical, and intolerant. He made violent attacks upon Socrates, and other great phi­losophers. He was a great favourite with Epicurus, who used, by way of endearment, to call him Ko\u>rdpas and KoXardpios. It is also related by Plutarch, that Colotes, after hearing Epicurus discourse on the nature of things, fell on his knees before him, and besought him to give him instruc­tion. He held, that it is unworthy of the truth-

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