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CLAUDIUS.

lie received a wound, from the effects of which he died shortly after the surrender of the city. He ineffectually opposed the infliction of the sanguinary vengeance which Fulvius took on the Capuans. (Liv. xxv. 2, 22, 41, xxvi. 1, 5, 6, 8, 15, 16 ; Polyb. ix. 3.) ^

18. claudia quint a. [claudia, No. 2.]

19. claudia. [claudia, No. 3.]

20. app. claudius app. f. P. n. pulcher, son of No. 17. In b. c. 197 and the three fol­lowing years, he served as military tribune under T. Quinctius Flamininus in Greece in the war with Philip. (Liv. xxxii. 35, 36, xxxiii. 29, xxxiv. 50.) We find him again in Greece in 191, serving first under M. Baebius in the war with Antiochus (xxxvi. 10), and afterwards under the consul M\ Acilius Glabrio against the Aetolians. (xxxvi. 22, 30.) In 187 he was made praetor, andTarentum fell to him by lot as his province, (xxxviii. 42.) In 185 he was elected consul, and gained some advantages over the Ingaunian Ligurians, and, by his violent interference at the comitia, procured the election of his brother Publius to the consul­ship, (xxxix. 23, 32.) In 184, when Philip was preparing for a new war with the Romans, Appius was sent at the head of an embassy into Macedonia and Greece, to observe his movements and wrest from his grasp the cities of which he had made himself master, (xxxix. 33—39.) In 176 he was one of an embassy sent to the Aeto­lians, to bring about a cessation of their internal hostilities and oppose the machinations of Perseus. (xli. 25, 27.)

21. P. claudius app. f. P. n. pulcher, son of No. 17. In b. c. 189 he was curule aedile, and in 188 praetor. (Liv. xxxviii. 35.) In 184 he was made consul [see No. 20] (xxxix. 32), and in 181 one of the three commissioners appointed for planting a colony at Graviscae. (xl. 29.)

22. C. claudius app. f. P. n. pulcher, an­other son of No. 17'(Fasti Cap. ; Liv. xxxiii. 44), was made augur in b.c. 195, praetor in 180 (xl, 37, 42), and consul in 177. The province of I stria fell to his lot. Fearing lest the successes of the consuls of the preceding year might render his presence unnecessary, he set out without" perform­ing the regular initiatory ceremonies of the consul­ship, but soon found himself compelled to return. Having again proceeded to his province with a fresh army, he captured three towns, and reduced the Istrians to subjection. He next marched against the Ligurians, whom he defeated, and celebrated a double triumph at Rome. Having .held the comitia, he returned to Liguria and recovered the town of Mutina. (xli. ]0—18; Polyb. xxvi. 7.) In 171 he served as military tribune under P. Licinius against Perseus. (Liv. xlii. 49.) In 169 he was censor with Ti. Sempro-nius Gracchus. Their severity drew down upon them an impeachment from one of the tribunes, but the popularity of Gracchus secured an ac­quittal. Claudius opposed his colleague, who wished to exclude the freedrnan from all the tribes, and at last it was agreed that they should be enrolled in one tribe—the Escjuiline. (xliii. 14 —16, xliv. 16, xlv. 15 ; Valer. Max. vi. 5. § 3.) In 167 Claudius was one of an embassy often sent into Macedonia. He died in this year. (xlv. 17, 44 ; Polyb. xxx. 10.)

23. C. claudius cento, probably the grand­son of No. 14, served under the consul P. Sulpicius

CLAUDIUS. 7fi9

in B. c. 200, in the war with Philip, Being sent to the relief of Athens, which was besieged by a Macedonian army, he raised the siege. He next made himself master of Chalcis in Euboea, and gained several advantages over Philip, who march­ed in person upon Athens. (Liv. xxxi. 14, 22, &c.; Zonar. ix. 15.)

24. app. claudius cento, brother of No. 23, was aedile in b. c. 178. (Liv. xl. 59.) In 175 he was made praetor, and received Hispania Cite-rior as his province. Here he gained a victory over the revolted Celtiberi, for which he was honoured with an ovation, (xli. 22, 31, 33.) In 173 he was sent into Thessaly, and quieted the disturbances which prevailed there, (xlii. 5.) In 172 he was one of an embassy sent into Mace­donia to communicate to Perseus the demands and threats of the Romans, (xlii. 25.) In 170 he was legatus under the consul A. Hostilius. Having been sent with 4000 men into Illyricum, he sus­tained a defeat near the town of Uscana. (xliii. 11, 12.)

25. app. claudius app. f. app. n. pulcher, son of No. 20. He was consul in b. c. 143, and, to obtain a pretext for a triumph, attacked the Salassi, an Alpine tribe. He was at first defeated, but afterwards, following the directions of the Si­bylline books, gained a victory. (Frontin. de Aquaed. 7; Dion Cass. Fragm. Ixxix. Ixxx.; Oros. v. 4.) On his return a triumph was refused him ; but he triumphed at his own expense, and when one of the tribunes attempted to drag him from his car, his daughter Claudia, one of the Vestal virgins, walked by his side up to the capital. (Cic. pro Gael. 14 ; Sueton. Tib. 2.) Next year he was an unsuccessful candidate for the censorship, though he afterwards held that office with Q. Fulvius No-bilior, probably in 136. (Dion Cass. Fragm. Ixxxiv.; Plut. Tib. Graccli. 4.) He gave one of his daugh­ters in marriage to Tib. Gracchus, and in b. c. 133 with Tib. and C. Gracchus was appointed com­missioner for the division of the lands. (Liv. Epit. 58; Orelli, fnscr. No. 570; Veil. Pat. ii. 2.) Appius lived at enmity with P. Scipio Aemilianus. (Plut. Aemil. 38; Cic. de Rep. i. 19.) He died shortly after Tib. Gracchus. (Appian, B. G. i. 18.) He was one of the Salii, an augur, and princeps senatus. (Macrob. Saturn, ii. 10; Plut. Tib. Graccli. 4.) Cicero (Brut. 28) says, that his style of speaking-was fluent and vehement. He married Antistia. [antistia, No. 1.]

26. C. claudius pulcher, son of No. 22, was consul in b. c. 130, and laid information before the senate of the disturbances excited by C. Papiriua Carbo. (Cic. de Leg. iii. 19.) * 27. app. claudius pulcher, known only as the son of No. 26 and father of No. 32.

28. C. claudius pulcher, also son of No. 26 and father of No. 34. (Cic. pro Plane. 21.)

29. app. claudius pulcher, son of No. 25. He inherited his father's enmity to P. Scipio Aemi­lianus. (Cic. pro Scaur, ii. 32.) In b. c. 107 he took part in the discussions respecting the agrarian law of Sp. Thorius. (Cic. de Oral. ii. 70.) He ap­pears to have been of a facetious disposition. (Cic. de Or at. ii. 60.)

30. claudia. [claudia, No. 4.]

31. claudia. [claudia, No. 5.]

32. C. claudius app. f. C. n. pulcher, son of No. 27 (Cic. de Off. ii. 16, Verr. ii. 49; Fasti Capit.), appears in b.c. 100 as one of those who

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