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tor the crime seems to have been, that Marcellus refused to advance Cilo a sum'of money to relieve him from his embarrassments. (Cic. adAtLxiu. 10, ad Fam. iv. 12.) Valerius Maximus (ix. 11. § 4) says, that Cilo had served under Pompey, and that he was indignant at Marcellus preferring another friend to him. Livy (^Epit. 115) calls him On. Magius.
CILO SEPTIMIANUS, L. FA'BIUS, to whom an inscription quoted by Tillemont after Onuphrius Panvinius gives the names Catinius Acilianus Lepidus Fulginianus, was consul in A. d. 193 and 204, and was the chosen friend of Sep- timius Severus, by whom he was appointed prae- fect of the city and tutor to his two sons. Having endeavoured to mediate between the brothers, he incurred the hatred of the elder, who after the murder of Geta gave orders that the man who had ever acted towards him the part of a father, and whom he had often addressed by that title, should be included in the massacre which followed. The soldiers hastened to the mansion of Cilo, and after plundering it of all the costly furniture and other precious effects, dragged him from the bath, com pelled him to walk through the streets in his wooden slippers and a single scanty garment, buffeting him as they hurried along with the in tention of putting him to death when they should have reached the palace. This gratuitous cruelty proved his salvation. For the populace, beholding one whom they had been wont to honour treated with such indignity, began to murmur, and were joined by the city-guards. A tumult was immi nent, when Caracalla came forth to meet the mob, and partly through fear, partly perhaps touched for a moment with compunction, threw his own cloak over the shoulders of his former preceptor, once more addressed him as father and master, gave orders that the tribune and his attendants who had been sent to perpetrate the crime should themselves be put to death, not, says Dion, because they had wished to slay their victim, but because they had failed to do so, and continued to treat him with the outward semblance at least of re spect. The only other anecdote preserved with regard to Cilo is, that he saved the life of Macrinus at the time when the latter was upon the point of sharing the fate of Plautianus [plautianus], whose agent he was, and thus the destruction of Caracalla was indirectly hastened by the friend and benefactor whom he had sought to destroy. (Dion Cass. Ixxvii. 4, Ixxviii. 11; Spartian. Cara- call. 4 ; Aurel. Vict. Epit. 20.) [ W. R.]
CIMBER, C. A'NNIUS, the son of Lysidicus, had obtained the praetorship from Caesar, and was one of Antony's supporters in b. c. 43, on which account he is vehemently attacked by Cicero. He was charged with having killed his brother, whence Cicero calls him ironically PMladelphus, and perpetrates the pun Nisi forte jure Germanum Cimber occidit, that is, " unless perchance he has a right to kill his own countryman," as Cimber is the name of a German people, and Germanus signifies in Latin both a German and a brother. (Cic. Phil. xiii. 12, xi. 6 ; Quintil. viii. 3. § 27 ; comp. Cic. ad Att. xv. 13; Suet. Aug. 86.) Cimber was an orator, a poet, and an historian, but his merits were of a low order, and he is ridiculed by Virgil in an epigram preserved by Quintilian (/. c.). (Huschke, De C. Annio Ciml/ro, Rostoch. 1824.)
CIMBER, P. GABI'NIUS, one of the Catili-narian conspirators, b. c. G3. (Cic. in Cat. iii. 3, 5, 6, iv. 6.)
CIMBER, L. TFLLIUS (not Tullius), one of the murderers of Caesar, b. c. 44. When Caesar first became supreme, Cimber was one of his warmest supporters (Cic. Philipp. ii. 11; Senec. de Ira, iii. 30) ; and we find Cicero making use of his influence with the Dictator in behalf of a friend (Ad Fam. vi. 12). He was rewarded with the province of Bithynia. But for some reason (Seneca says from disappointed hopes) he joined the conspirators. On the fatal day, Cimber was foremost in the ranks, under pretence of pre senting a petition to Caesar praying for his brother's recall from exile. Caesar motioned him away; and Cimber then, seizing the Dictator's gown with both hands drew it over his neck, so as to pull him forward. After the assassination, Cimber went to his province and raised a fleet, with which (if we may believe the author of the Pseudo-Bru tus Epistles to Cicero, i. 6) he defeated Dolabella. When Cassius and Brutus marched into Macedo nia, Cimber co-operated with the fleet, and appears to have done good service. (Appian, B. C. iv. 102, 105.) He was a bold active man, but addicted to wine and riotous living, so that he asked jokingly, Ego quemquam feram, qui vinum ferre non possum1* (Senec. Epist. 83. 11.) [H. G. L.]
Stesagoras II. (Her. vi. 38.)
He was banished by Peisistratus from Athens, and during his banishment won two Olympic victories with his four-horse chariot. He allowed Peisistratus to be proclaimed victor at the second, and was in consequence suffered to return to Athens. But when after the death of Peisistratus he gained another Olympic victory with the same horses, he was secretly murdered by order of the sons of the tyrant. (Herod, vi. 103.)
2. Grandson of the preceding, and son of the great Miltiades, is mentioned in Herodotus as paying his father's fine and capturing Ei'on. (vi. 136, vii. 107.) This latter event, the battle of Eury-medon, the expedition in aid of Sparta, and his death in Cyprus, are the only occasions in which he is expressly named by his relation, Thucydides ; whose summary, moreover, of the history of this period leaves us by its briefness necessarily dependent for much on the additional authorities, which form the somewhat heterogeneous basis of Plutarch's biography. We find here the valuable contemporary recollections of Ion of Chios (cc. 5. 9), and the almost worthless contemporary gossip and scandal of the Thasian Stesimbrotus: some little