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On this page: Centumalus – Ceph Alus – Cephalion – Cephalon

CEPHALION.

CENTUMALUS, the name of a family of the plebeian Fulvia gens.

1. cn. fulvius cn. f. cn. n. maximus cen­tumalus, legate of the dictator M. Valerius Cor-vus in the Etruscan war, b. c. 301, and consul in 298 with L. Cornelius Scipio, when he gained a brilliant victory over the Samnites near Bovianum, and afterwards took this town and Aufidena. It would also appear that he subsequently obtained some successes in Etruria, as the Capitoline Fasti speak of his triumph in this year as celebrated over the Samnites and Etruscans. In 295 he served as propraetor in the great campaign of Q. Fabius Maximus and P. Decius Mus, and gained a victory over the Etruscans. (Liv. x. 4, 11, 22, 26, 27, 30.)

The Fasti Capitolini mention a dictator of this name in 263, who is either the same as the pre­ceding, or his son.

2. cn. fulvius cn. f. cn. n. centumalus, consul b. c. 229 with L. Postumius Albinus, con­ducted the war with his colleague in Illyria. They met with no effectual resistance ; and after the troops of the Illyrian queen, Teuta, had been com­pletely dispersed, and she herself had retired with a very few followers to a strongly fortified town, called Rhizon, Centunaalus returned to Rome with the greater part of the navy and land forces, leav­ing Albinus behind with forty ships. Centumalus triumphed in the following year, the first time that a triumph had been celebrated over the Illy-rians. (Polyb. ii. 11, 12; Flor. ii. 5; Eutrop. iii. 4; Oros. iv. 13; comp. Dion Cass. Frag. 1517 ed. Reimar.)

3. cn. fulvius cn. f. cn. n. centumalus, son apparently of No. 2, was curule aedile in b. c. 214, and was elected to the praetorship while he held the former office. As praetor in the following year, B. c. 213, Suessula was assigned him as his province with the command of two legions. He was consul in 211 with P. Sulpicius Galba, and his command was prolonged in the next year, in which he was defeated by Hannibal near the town of Herdonia in Apulia, and he himself with eleven tribunes of the soldiers perished in the battle. (Liv. xxiv. 43, 44, xxv. 41, xxvi. 1, 28, xxvii. 1; Polyb. ix. 6 ; Eutrop. iii. 14; Oros. iv. 17.)

4. M. fulvius centumalus, praetor urbanus b. c. 192, had to take an active part that year in the preparations for the war against Antiochus the Great, and was commanded, among other things, to superintend the building of fifty new quinqueremes. (Liv. xxxv. 10, 20, 23, 24.)

CENTUMALUS, TI. CLAUDIUS, had an action brought against him by P. Calpurnius Lana-rius on account of alleged fraud in the sale of some property to the latter. Judgment was pronounced against Centumalus by M. Porcius Cato, the father of Cato Uticensis. (Cic. de Off. iii. 16 ; Val. Max. viii. 2. § 1.) [Comp. cato, No. 6, p. 645, a.]

CEPHALION (KeQaXioov or Ke<£a\aiW), an historian of the time of Hadrian, who wrote, be­sides other works, a crvvro^ov iffropiKov extending from the time of Ninus and Semiramis to that of Alexander the Great. It was written in the Ionic dialect, and was divided into nine books, called by the names of the Muses; and as in this he aped Herodotus, so he is reported to have aimed at resembling Homer by concealing his birth-place. Hadrian banished him to Sicily where this work was composed. (Suidas, s. v.; Photius, Cod. 68 j

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CEPHALUS.

Euseb. Chron. i. p. 30; Syncell. p. 167; Vossius, de Hist. Graec. p. 262, ed. Westermann.) [G. E. L. C.]

CEPHALON (Ke^Acoi/), called 6 Tepyri8tos or Tepy(6ios from a town in the Cuman territory named TepyrjGcs or TepyiOes. (Strab. xiii. p. 589.) He wrote an account of the fortunes of Aeneas after the taking of Troy, called Troica (TpwiKa). His date is unknown, but he is called by Dionysius of Halicarnassus (i. 72) ffvyypatyevs Tra\aitis ttovv. Athenaeus (ix. 393, d.) calls him Cephalion, and remarks, that the Troica which went under his name, was in reality the work of Hegesianax of Alexandria. (Vossius, de Hist. Graec. p. 412, ed. Westermann.) [G. E. L. C.]

CEPH ALUS (Ke>«Aos). 1. A son of Hermes and Herse, was carried off by Eos, who became by him the mother of Tithonus in Syria. (Apollod. iii. 14. § 3.) Hyginus (Fab. 160, 270) makes him a son of Hermes by Creusa, or of Pandion, and Hesiod (TTieog. 986) makes Phaeton the son of Cephalus instead of Tithonus. On the pedi­ment of the kingly Stoa in the Cerameicus at Athens, and on the temple of Apollo at Amyclae, the carrying off of Cephelus by Hemera (not Eos) was represented. (Paus. i. 3. § 1, iii. 18. § 7.)

2. A son of Deion, the ruler of Phocis, and Diomede, was married to Procris or Procne, by whom he became the father of Archius, the father of Laertes. He is described as likewise beloved by Eos (Apollod. i. 9. § 4; Hygin. Fab. 125 ; Schol. ad Callim. Hymn, in Dian. 209), but he and Procris were sincerely attached, and promised to remain faithful to each other. Once when the handsome Cephalus was amusing himself with the chase, Eos approached him with loving entreaties, which, however, he rejected. The goddess then bade him not break his vow until Procris had broken hers, but advised him to try her fidelity. She then metamorphosed him into a stranger, and gave him rich presents with which he was to tempt Procris. Procris was induced by the brilliant presents to break the vow she had made to Ce­phalus, and when she recognized her husband, she fled to Crete and discovered herself to Artemis. The goddess made her a present of a dog and a spear, which were never to miss their object, and then sent her back to Cephalus. Procris returned home in the disguise of a youth, and went out with Cephalus to chase. When he perceived the ex­cellence of her dog and spear, he proposed to buy them of her; but she refused to part with them for any price except for love. When he accordingly promised to love her, she made herself known to him, and he became reconciled to her. As, how­ever, she still feared the love of Eos, she always jealously watched him when he went out hunting, but on one occasion he killed her by accident with the never-erring spear. (Hygin. Fab. 189.) Some­what different versions of the same story are given by Apollodorus (iii. 15. § 1) and Ovid. (Met. vii. 394, &c.; comp. Anton. Lib. 41; Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 1643.) Subsequently Amphitryon of Thebes came to Cephalus, and persuaded him to give up his dog to hunt the fox which was ravaging the Cadmean territory. After doing this he went out with Amphitryon against the Teleboans, upon the conquest of whom he was rewarded by Amphitryon with the island which he called after his own name Cephallenia. (Apollod. ii. 4. § 7; Strab. x. p. 456; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 307, &c.) Cephalus is also called the father of Iphiclus by Clymene.

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