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Caesarius is the author of two treatises, one entitled Regula ad Monachos, and another Regula ad Virgines, which, together with three EocJiorta-tiones and some opuscula, will be found in the 8th volume of the Bibliotheca Patrum, Leyden, 1677; and were printed in a separate volume, with the notes of Meynardus, at Poitiers (Petavimn), 1621, 8vo. His chief works, however, consist of sermons or homilies. Forty of these were published by Cognatus, at Basle, 1558, 4to., and 1569, fol., and are included in the Monumenta SS. Patrum Orthodoxographa of Giynaeus, Cologne, 1618, fol. p. 1861 ; a collection of forty-six, together with some smaller tracts, are in the 8th volume of the Bibliotheca Patrum referred to above; and the •llth volume of the Bibliotheca Patrum of Galland (Venice, 1776) contains fourteen more, first brought to light by Baluze (Paris, 1699, 8vo.); but, besides these, upwards of a hundred out of the 317 discourses falsely attributed to Augustin are commonly assigned to Caesarius. (Vita S. Caesarii^ Epise. Arelatensis, a Cypriano, ejus Discipulo-y et Messiano Presb. et Stephana Diac. conscripta duo-bus libris, in the Vitae SS. of Surras, 27 August, p. 284. See also Dissertatio de Vita ct Scriptis 6'. Caesarii, Arelatensis Archiep., by Oudin in his Comment, de Scriptt. Eccles. vol. i. p. 1339 ; in addition to which, Funccius, De Inerti et Decrepita Senectute Linguae Latinae, cap. vi. §viii.; andBaehr, Geschiclite der Romisclien Literatur, Suppl. vol. ii.
p. 425.) [W.R.]
CAESENNIUS, the name of a noble Etruscan family at Tarquinii, two members of which are mentioned by Cicero, namely, P. Caesennius and Cae-gennia, first the wife of M. Fulcinius, and afterwards of A. Caecina. (Cic. pro Caecin. 4, 6, 10.) The name is found in sepulchral inscriptions. (Miiller, Etrusker, i. p. 433.)
P. CAESE'TIUS, the quaestor of C. Verres. (Cic. Verr. iv. 65, v. 25.)
CAESIA GENS, plebeian, does not occur till towards the end of the republic. [caesius.]
On the following coin of this gens, the obverse represents the head of a youthful god brandishing an arrow or spear with three points, who is usually supposed from tho following passage of A. Gellius (v. 12) to be Apollo Veiovis : " Simulacrum dei Veiovis ——— sagittas tenet, quae sunt videlicet paratae ad nocendum. Quapropter eum deum plerique Apollinem esse dixerunt." The two men on the reverse are Lares : between them stands a dog, and above them the head of Vulcan with a forceps. (Eckhel, v. p. 156, &c.)
CAESIANUS, APRO'NIUS. [apeonius, No. 3.]
2. M. caesius, a rapacious farmer of the tithes in Sicily during the administration of Verres, b. c. 73, &c. (Cic. Verr. iii. 39, 43.)
3. L. Caesius, was one of Cicero's friends, and accompanied him during his proconsular administration of Cilicia, in b. c. 50. (Ad Quint. Frat. i. 1. § 4, 2. § 2.) He seems to be the same person as the Caesius who superintended the building of Q. Cicero's villa of the Manilianum. (Ad Quint. Frat. iii. 1. §§ 1, 2.) There is a Roman denarius bearing the name L. Caesius (see above), but whether it belongs to our L. Caesius or not cannot be ascertained.
4. M. caesius, of Arpinuin, an intimate friend of Cicero, who held the office of aedile at Ar^imrm, the only municipium which had such a magistracy, in B. c. 47. (Cic. ad Fain. xiii. 11, 12.)
5. P. caesius, a Roman eques of Ravenna, received the Roman franchise from Cn. Pompeitis, the father of Pompey the Great. (Cic. pro Bulb. 22.) There is a letter of Cicero (ad Fam. xiii. 51) addressed to P. Caesius (b- c. 47), in which Cicero recommends to him his friend P. Messieims. From the manner in which Cicero there speaks (pro nostra et pro paierna amicitia\ it would almost seem as if there was some mistake in the praeno-men, and as if the letter was addressed to M. Caesius of Arpinum. But it may be, that there had existed a friendship between Cicero and the father of Caesius, of which beyond this allusion nothing is known.
6. sex. caesius, a Roman eques, who is men tioned by Cicero (pro Place. 28) as a man of great honesty and integrity. [L. S.] •
T. CAE'SIUS, a jurist, one of the disciples of Servius Sulpicius, the eminent friend of Cicero. Pomponius (Dig. 1. tit. 2. s. un. § 44) enumerates ten disciples of Servius, among whom T. Caesius is mentioned, in a passage not free from the inaccuracy of expression which pervades the whole title De Origine Juris. His words are these : " Ab hoc (Servio) plurimi profecerunt: fere tamen hi libros conscripserunt : alfenus varus, A. ofilius, T. caesius, aufidiustucca, aufidius namusa, flavius Pmscus, ateius pacuvius, labeo antistius, Labeonis Antistii pater, cinna, publicius gellius. Ex his decem libros octo conscripserunt, quorum omnes qui fuenmt libri digesti sunt ab Aufidio Namusa in centum quadra-ginta libros." It is not clear from this account whether (according to the usual interpretation of the passage) only eight of the ten were authors, or whether (as appears to be the more correct interpretation) all the ten wrote books, but not more than eight wrote books which were digested by Aufidius Namusa. In the computation of the eight, it is probable that the compiler himself was not included. T. Caesius is nowhere else expressly mentioned in the Digest, but " Ofilius, Cascellius, et Servii auditores, are cited Dig. 33. tit. 4. s. 6. § 1, and the phrase Servii auditores occurs also Dig. 33. tit. 7. s. 12, pr., and Dig. 33. tit. 7. s. 12, § 6. In Dig. 39. tit. 3. s. 1. $ 6, where Servii auctores is the reading of the Florentine manuscript of the Digest, Servii auditores has been proposed as a conjectural emendation. Under these names it has been supposed that the eight disciples