The Ancient Library

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On this page: Caelius Antipater – Caelius Vinicianus – Caepias – Caepio


7. Q. caelius, a friend and follower of M. An-tonius, attacked by Cicero. (Phil. xiii. 2, 12.)

8. caelius, an usurer, with whom Cicero had some dealings. (Cic. ad Att. xii. 5, 6, vii. 3,

xin. 3.)


CAELIUS VINICIANUS. [vinicianus.] CAENIS, the concubine of Vespasian, was ori­ginally a freedwoman of Antonia, the mother of the emperor Claudius. After the death of his wife Flavia Domitilla, Vespasian took her to live with him and treated her almost as his legal wife. She had very great influence with Vespasian, and ac­quired immense wealth from the presents presented to her by those who wished to gain the favour of the emperor. Domitian, however, treated her with some contempt. After her death, Vespasian kept many concubines in her place. (Dion Cass. Ixvi. 14; Suet. Yesp, 3, 21, JOom. 12.)



M. CAEPA'RIUS. 1. Of Tarracina, a town in Latium, was one of Catiline's conspirators, who was to. induce the shepherds in Apulia to rise, and who was on the point of leaving Rome for the purpose when the conspirators were apprehended by Cicero. He escaped from the city, but was. overtaken in his flight, carried back to Rome, and committed to the custody of Cn. Terentius. He was afterwards executed with the other conspira­tors in the Tullianum, b. c. 63. (Cic. in Cat. iii. 6; Sail. Cat. 46, 47, 55.)

2. A different person from the preceding, men­tioned by Cicero in b. c. 46. (Ad Fain. ix. 23.)

C. and L. CAEPA'SII, two brothers, contem­poraries of the orator Hortensius, obtained the quaestorship, though they were unknown men, by means of their oratory. They were very indus­trious and laborious, but their oratory was of rather a rude and unpolished kind. (Cic. Brut. 69, pro Cluent. 20, 21 ; Julius Victor, p. 248, ed. Orelli; Quintil. iv. 2. § 19, vi. 1. § 41, 3. § 39.)

CAEPIAS was, according to Dion Cassius (xlv, 1), the surname of C. Octavius, afterwards the emperor Augustus. This cognomen, however, is not mentioned by any other writer, nor even by Dion Cassius himself in any other passage.

CAEPIO, the name of a patrician family of the Servilia gens.

stemma caepionum.

1. Cn. Servilius Caepio, Cos. b. c. 253,

2. Cn. Servilius Caepio, Cos. b. c. 203.

3. Cn. Servilius Caepio, Cos. B. c. 169.

4. Q. Fabius Maximus Servilianus, Cos. b.c. 142.

5. Cn. Servilius Caepio,

Cos. b.c. 141, Cens.b.c. 125,

6. Q. Servilius Caepio, Cos. b. c. 140.

7. Q. Servilius Caepio, Cos. b.c. 106.

8. Q. Servilius Caepio, Quaest. b. c. 100, married Livia, the sister of M. Livius Drusus.

11. Servilia, married L. Licinius Lucullus, Cos. b. c. 74.

Q. Servilius Caepio, Tri-bunus Militum, b. c. 72.

10. Servilia, married M. Junius Brutus. [brutus, No. 20.] 12. Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus, the murderer of C. Julius Caesar. The son of No. 10, but adopted by No. 9. [brutus, No. 21.]

engagement took place in the neighbourhood of Crotona, but no particulars of it are preserved. When Hannibal quitted Italy, Caepio passed over into Sicily, with the intention of crossing from thence to Africa. In order to prevent this, the senate, who feared that the consul would not obey their commands, created a dictator, P. Sulpicius Galba, who recalled Caepio to Italy. In b. c. 1 f>2, Caepio was sent with other legates into Greece, to encourage the Roman allies in the prospect of the war with Antiochus. He died in the pestilence in 174. (Liv. xxv. 2, xxviii. 10, 38, 467 xxix. 38, xxx, 1, 19, 24, xxxv. 23, xli. 26.)

3. cn. servilius cn. f. cn. n. caepio, son of

1. cn. servilius cn. f. cn. n. caepio, consul b. c. 253, in the first Punic war, sailed with his colleague, C. Sempronius Blaesus, to the coast of Africa. For an account of this expedition, see blaesus, No. 1.

2. cn. servilius cn. f. cn. n. caepio, was probably a grandson, and not a son, of No. 1. He was elected pontiff in the place of C. Papirius Maso, b. c. 213 ; curule aedile in 207, when he celebrated the Roman games three times; praetor in 205, when he obtained the city jurisdiction; and consul in 203. In his consulship he had Bruttii assigned to him as his province, and he was the last Roman general who fought with Hannibal in Italy. The

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