Scanned text contains errors.
1. C. junius C. f. C. n. bubulcus brutus, was consul b. c. 317 and again in 313, in the latter of which years Saticula was founded. (Liv. ix. 20, 21, 28 ; Diod. xix. 17, 77; Festus, s.v. Saticula.) He was magister equitum in 312 to the dictator C. Sulpicius Longus (Fast. Capit.) and not dictator, as he is erroneously called by Livy (ix. 29). Pie was consul a third time in 311, and carried on the war against the Samnites with great success. He retook Cluvia, which the Samnites had wrested from the Romans, and thence marched to Bovianum, which also fell into his hands. In his return from Bovianum, he was surprised in a narrow pass by the Samnites; but, after a hard-fought battle, he gained a great victory over them, and slew 20,000 of the enemy. It must have been on this occasion that he vowed a temple to Safety, which he afterwards dedicated in his dictatorship. In consequence of this victory, he obtained the honour of a triumph. (Liv. ix. 30, 31; Diod. xx. 3 ; Fast. Capitol.) In 309 he was again magister equitum to the dictator L. Papirius Cursor (Liv. ix. 38), and in 307 obtained the censorship with L. Valerius Maximus. During his censorship he contracted for the building of the temple of Safety which he had vowed in his consulship, and he and his colleague had roads made at the public expense. They also expelled L. Antonius from the senate. (Liv. ix. 43; Val. Max. ii. 9. § 2.) Finally, in 302, he was appointed dictator when the Aequians renewed the war, as a general rising of the surrounding nations was feared. Bu-bulcus defeated the Aequians at the first encounter, and returned to Rome at the end of seven days; but he did not lay down his dictatorship till he had dedicated the temple of Safety which he had vowed in his consulship. The walls of this temple were adorned with paintings by C. Fabius Pictor, which probably represented the battle he had gained over the Samnites, (Liv. x. 1 ; Val. Max. viii. 14. § 6 ; Plin. xxxv. 4. s. 7.) The festival to commemorate the dedication of this temple was celebrated, in Cicero's time, on the Nones of Sextilis. (Cic. ad Att. iv. 1.)
2. C. junitjs C. f. C. n. brutus bubulcus, consul b. c. 291 (Liv. xvii. 6), and again in 277. In the latter year, he and his colleague P. Cornelius Rufinus were sent into Samnium, and sustained a repulse in an attack upon the Samnites in the mountains. Their loss upon this occasion led to a quarrel between the consuls, who separated in consequence. Zonaras says, that Bubul-cus remained in Samnium, while Rufinus marched into Lucania and Bruttium : but, according to the Capitoline Fasti, which ascribe a triumph over the Lucanians and Bruttians to Bubulcus, the contrary must have been the case. (Zonar. viii. 6.)
had on his approach to Rome from Nola, in b. c. 83. (Plut. SulL 9.) On the obverse is the head of Venus, with l. bvca ; on the reverse a man sleeping, to whom Diana appears with Victory. (Eckhel, v. p. 121.)
2. L. aemilius buca, the son, supplicated the judges on behalf of M. Scaurus at his trial in b. c. 54. (Ascon. /. c.) The following coin is supposed to refer to him, on the obverse of which is the head of Caesar, with perpetvo caesar, and on the reverse Venus seated holding a small statue of Victory, with the inscription l. buca. There are several other coins belonging to this Buca, on some of which we find the inscription, l. aemilius buca iiivir, from which it would appear that he was a triumvir of the mint. (Eckhel, vi. pp. 8, 9.)
M. BUCCULEIUS, a Roman, not unversed in
legal studies, although, in the treatise De Oratore (i. 39), Cicero puts into the mouth of L. Crassus a rather sarcastic sketch of his character. Bucculeius is there described by Crassus as familiaris nosier, neque meo judicio stultus, et suo valde sapiens. An anecdote is then given of his want of legal caution. Upon the conveyance of a house to L. Fufius7 he covenanted that the lights should remain in the state in which they then were. Accordingly Fufius, whenever any building however distant was raised which could be seen from the house, commenced an action against Bucculeius for a breach of agree ment. [J. T. G.]
«_j y f
mythical personages of this name. (Apollod. iii. 8. § 1; Pans. viii. 5. § 5.) [L. S.]
BUCOLUS (Bow«J\os), two mythical personages, one a son of Heracles, and the other of Hippocoon. (Apollod. ii. 7. § 8, iii. 10. § 5.) [L.S.]
BUDEIA (BouSeux). 1. [athena.]
2. A Boeotian woman, the wife of Clymenus and mother of Erginus, from whom the town of Budeion derived its name. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1076.) From the Scholiast on Apollonius Rho- dius (i. 185), it appears that she was the same as Buzyge. Others derived the name of the town of Budeion from an Argive hero, Budeios. (Eustath. /. c.; Steph. Byz. s. v. BouSeta.) [L. S.]
BULARCHUS, a very old painter of Asia Minor, whose picture representing the defeat of the Magnesians (Magnetum proelium^ Plin. //. N. xxxv. 34 ; Magnetum excidium, Ib. vii. 39) is said to have been paid by Candaules, king of Lyclia, with so much gold as was required to cover the whole of its large surface. This is either a mistake of Pliny, since Candaules died in b. c. 716, and the only destruction of Magnesia that is known of took place after b. c. 676 (see Heyne, Art. Tern-por. Opusc. y. p. 349); or, what is more probable.