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ASCLEPIADES. as an authority on the meaning of the word
2. Of anazarba in Cilicia, is mentioned by Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. *A;>a£ap§a) as the author of many works, of which however only one, on rivers (Trepi TroTa/^/), is specified.
3. A son of areius, wrote a work on Demetrius Phalereus. (Athen. xiii. p. 507.) It is not quite certain whether he is not the same as Asclepiades of Myrleia, who is also called a native of Nicaea. (Steph. Byz. s. v. NOrnta.)
4. A cynic philosopher, a native of Phlius, and a contemporary of Crates of Thebes, who must consequently have lived about b. c. 830. (Diog. Lae'rt. vi. 91 ; Tertull. c. Nat. ii. 14.) Whether he is the same as the one whom Cicero (Tusc. v. 39) states to have been blind, is uncertain.
5. A cynic philosopher, who is mentioned along with Servianus and Chytton, and lived in the reign of Constantius and Julianus, about a. d. 360. (Julian, Orat. c. Heracl. Cyn. p. 224 ; Ammian. Marc. xxii. 13.)
6. Of cyprus, wrote a work on the history of his native island and Phoenicia, of which a fragment is preserved in Porphyrius. (DeAbstin. iv. 15; comp. Hieronym. ad Jovin. 2.)
7. An egyptian, possessed, according to Suidas (s. v. 'HpaiVncos), a profound knowledge of Egyptian theology, and wrote hymns on his native gods. He also composed a work upon the agreement among the -different religions, a second on the history of Egypt, and a third on Ogyges. Of the history of Egypt the sixtieth book is quoted by Athenaeus. (iii. p. 83.) There seems to be little doubt that this Asclepiades is the same as the one whom Suetonius (Aug. 94) calls the author of ©eoAoyou-/-tez/a, and of whom he quotes a fragment. This ©eoAoyou/xera, moreover, seems to be the same work as that on the agreement among the different religions. Suetonius calls him Asclepiades Mendes, which seems to be derived from the name of a, town in Egypt. (Comp. Schol. ad Horn. II. vii. p. 147; Casaub. ad Suet. I.e.; Vossius, de Hist. Graec. p. 40 67 ed. Westermann.)
8. epigrammatic poets. Under the name of Asclepiades the Greek Anthology contains upwards of forty epigrams ; but it is more than probable that they are not all the productions of the same poet. Some of them undoubtedly belong to Asclepiades of Samos, who is mentioned as a teacher of Theocritus, and said to have written bucolic poetry. (Schol. ad Theocr. vii. 21, 40 ; Meleager, i. 46 ; Theocrit. vii. 40 ; Moschus, iii. 96.) Others may be the productions of Asclepiades of Adramyttium, who lived at an earlier time. (Jacobs, ad Antkol. xiii. p. 864.)
9. A lyric poet, from whom a certain species of verse, resembling the choriambic, is said to have derived its name ; but the ancients themselves were not agreed whether the Asclepiadic verse was invented by Asclepiades, or whether he used it only more frequently than others. He lived after the time of Alcaeus and Sappho. (Hephaest. Enchir. p. 34 ; Attilius Fortunatianus, p. 2700, ed. Putsch.)
10. Of mende. See No. 7.
11. Of myrleia in Bithynia, or of Nicaea, a son of Diotimus. He was a pupil of Apollonius Rhodiiis, and lived about the time of Pompey the Great. Suidas places him nearly a century earlier, from which some modern critics have inferred, that
there must have been two Asclepiades of Myrleia, the one of whom was perhaps a son or grandson of the other. The younger taught grammar at Rome, arid is supposed to be the same as the one who for some time resided in Spain as a teacher of grammar, and wrote a description of the tribes of Spain repiffyrio'is tuv £Qv<av\ to which Strabo occasionally refers, (iii. p. 157, &c.) Asclepiades of Myrleia is also mentioned as the author of several other works, of which, however, we possess only a few fragments. 1. On grammarians or grammars (irepl a/AjUcmKciui/, Suidas, s. v. 'Op</>eus ; Anonym. Vit. Arati; S. Empiric, adv. Grammat. 47, 72, 252). 2. A work on the poet Cratinus (Trepi Kparivov, Athen. xi. p. 501). 3. A work called irepl Neo-ro-os. (Athen. xi. pp. 477, 488, &c., 498, 503.) 4. An viro/Avrj/JLo, ri]s 'OSwnreias. (Etym. M. s. v. 'Apvcuos; Schol. ad Horn. Od. x. 2, xi. 269, 321, 326, xii. 69, ed. Buttmann.) 5. A work on the tiistory of Bithynia (BiflwiKa), which consisted of at least ten books. (Parthen. Erot. 35 ; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. ii. 722, 791 ; Athen. ii. p. 50.) He is usually believed to be the author of a history of Alexander the Great mentioned by Arrian. (Anab. vii. 15 ; comp. Vossius, de Hist. Graec. pp. 97, 158, 161, 187, ed. Westermann; F. X. Werfer, Acta Pldlol. Monao. iii. 4. p. 551, where the fragments of Asclepiades are collected.)
12. Of tragilus in Thrace, a contemporary and disciple of Isocrates. (Phot. Bill. p. 486, b. ed. Bekker.) He is called a tragic writer, but was more probably a sophist or a grammarian. He was the author of a work called Tpxyydotipeva, in six books, which treated on the subjects used by the Greek tragic writers, and on the manner in which they had dealt with their mythuses. (Plut. Vit. X. Orat. p. 837; Steph. Byz. s. v. TpayiAos ; Athen. x. p. 456; Harpocrat. s. v. AwrauAT}?; Hesych. s. v. U7]criap%os ; comp. Werfer, I. c. p. 489, where the fragments of the rpay^So intern are collected.)
13. A bishop of tralles, who lived about a. d. 484. A letter of his and ten anailiematismi against Fullo are printed with a Latin translation in Lab- beus, Concil. iv. p. 1120. Another letter of his is still extant in the Vienna and Vatican libraries in MS. (Fabr. Bill. Graec. xi. p. 583.) This Ascle piades must be distinguished from an earlier Chris tian writer of the same name, who is mentioned by Lactantius. (vii. 4.) [L. S.]
ASCLEPrADES (3Aa-K\7jTridSvjs)9 the name of several physicians, some of whom probably assumed this appellation either as a sort of honorary title in allusion to the ancient family of the Asclepiadae, or in order to signify that they themselves belonged to it. A list of the physicians who bore this name is given by Le Clerc, Hist de la Mid.; Fabricius, Bibl. Gr. vol. xiii. p. 87, &e. ed. vet.; C. G. Gum-pert, Asclepiadis Bithyni Fragmenta^ Vinar. 1794, 8vo., p. 3, &c.; C. F. Harless, De Medicis Veteribus "Asclepiades" Dictis, Bonn. 1828, 4to.
1. asclepiades bithynus? a very celebrated physician of Bithynia, who acquired a considerable degree of popularity at Rome at the beginning of the first century b. c., which he maintained through life, and in a certain degree transmitted to his successors. It is said that he first came to Rome as a teacher of rhetoric (Plin. //. N. xxvi. 7), and that it was in consequence of his not being successful in this profession, that he turned his attention to the study of medicine. From what we learn of Ms