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ARTEMIDOUUS.

together with the circumstance that Artemidorus has often occasion to allude to or explain ancient manners and usages, give to it a peculiar value. The work has also great interest, because it shews us in what manner the ancients symbolized and in­terpreted certain events of ordinary life, which, when well understood, throws light on various points of ancient mythology. The first edition of the Onei-rocritica is that of Aldus, Venice, 1518, 8vo.; the next is that of Rigaltius( Paris, 1603, 4to.), which contains a valuable commentary; however, it goes down only to the 68th chapter of the second book. The last edition is that of J. G. Reiff, Leipzig, .1805, 2 vols. 8vo. It contains the notes of Rigaltius, and some by Reiske and the editor.

5. A megaric philosopher, who, according to Diogenes Laertius (ix. 53), wrote a work against Chrysippus.

6. Of ephesus, a Greek geographer, who lived about b. c. 100. He made voyages round the coasts of the Mediterranean, in the Red Sea, and apparently even in the southern ocean. He also visited Iberia and Gaul, and corrected the accounts of Eratosthenes respecting those countries. We know that in his description of Asia he stated the distances of places from one another, and that the countries beyond the river Tanais were unknown to him. The work in which he gave the results of his investigations, is called by Marcianus of Heracleia, a TrepnrAous, and seems to be the same as the one more commonly called ra ywypatyov-ueva, or tcl ttjs yewypatyias &L§\ia. It consisted of eleven books, of which Marcianus afterwards made an abridgement. The original work, which was highly valued by the ancients, and is quoted in innumerable passages by Strabo, Stephanus of Byzantium, Pliny, Isidorus, and others, is lost ; but we possess many small fragments and some larger ones of Marcianus' abridgement, which con­tain the periplus of the Pontus Euxeinus, and ac­counts of Bithynia and Paphlagonia. The loss of this important work is to be regretted, not only on account of the geographical information which it contained, but also because the author entered into the description of the manners and costumes of the nations he spoke of. The fragments of Arte­midorus were first collected and published by D. Hcischel in his Geographica, Aug. Vindel. 1600, 4to. The best collection is that in Hudson's Geo-graphi Minores, vol. i. Two small fragments, not contained in Hudson, have been published by Van Goens in his edition of Porphyrius's Antrum Nym-pliarum, p. 87, and a third, containing a descrip­tion of the Nile is printed in Aretin's Beitr'dge zur Gescli. mid Lit. vol. ii. p. 49, &c. (Vossius, de Hist. Graeo. p. 185, with the notes of Wester-mann.) Athenaeus (iii. p. Ill) ascribes to this Artemidorus a work entitled 'Icoi/iKa vrco/^v^^ara. (Comp. Ukert, Geogr. der Griecli. u. Rom. i. 2, p. 141, &c., 250.)

7. A son-in-law of musonius, the philosopher, was himself likewise a philosopher, and a friend of Pliny the younger, one of whose letters (iii. 11) is full of his praise.

8. Of parion, an astronomer, whose views of his science are recorded by Seneca. (Q.uaest. Nat. i. 4, vii. 13.)

9. Of tarsus, a grammarian, whom Strabo (xiv. p. 675) mentions as one of the distinguished persons of that place. It is not impossible that he may be the same as the one to whose grammatical

ARTEMIDORUS.

or lexicographical works reference is made by the Scholiast on Aristophanes ( Vesp. 1139,1164,1231; Comp. Phot. s. v. revra^eiv ; Etym. M. 5. vv. dpis-KvS-rjs and ap/x&S), though the work or works here referred to may also belong to No. 1.

10. Of tralles, a celebrated pugilist, who lived about a. d. 69. (Pans. vi. 14. § 1 ; Martial, vi. 77.)

11. The author of elegies on love. (Hepl epcoros, Eratosth. Catast. 31.) There are many more per­ sons of the name of Artemidorus who are mentioned in ancient writers ; but as nothing is known about them, we refer to the list in Fabricius (Bill. Grace. v. p. 263), to which some supplements are given by Van Goens. (1. c.) [L. S.]

ARTEMIDORUSrApTCju/Swgos). 1. A Greek physician, quoted by Caelius Aurelianus (De Morb. Acut, ii. 31, iii. 14,15, pp. 146, 224, 227), who was a native of Side in Pamphylia, and a follower of Erasistratus. He must have lived some time between the third century B. c. and the second century after Christ. He may perhaps be the person quoted by Galen without any distinguishing epi­thet (De Compos. Medicam. sec. Locos, v. 3, vol. xii. p. 828), but he is probably not the same person as the Artemidorus oloovKrrris who is mentioned by the same author. (Comment, in Hippocr. "DeRat. Vict. in Morb. Ac." i. 15. vol. xv. p. 444.)

2. artemidorus capito ('Apre^iSwpos 6 KaTTiVw^), a Greek physician and grammarian

at Rome, in the reign of the emperor Hadrian,

A. d. 117—138, who published an edition of the works of Hippocrates, which Galen tells us (Com­ment, in Hippocr. " De Nat. Horn." vol. xv. p. 21) was not only much valued by the emperor him­self, but was also much esteemed even in Galen's time. He is, however, accused of making con­siderable changes in the text, and of altering the old readings and modernizing the language. He was a relation of Dioscorides, who also edited the works of Hippocrates, and he is frequently men­tioned by Galen. (Comment, in Hippocr. " De Humor." vol. xvi. p. 2 ; Gloss. Hippocr. vol. xix. p. 83, &c.) He may perhaps be the person some­times quoted simply by the name of Capito. [capito.]

3. artemidorus cornelius, a physician, who was born at Perga in Pamphylia, or, according to some editions of Cicero, at Pergamus in Mysia. He was one of the unprincipled agents of Verres, whom he first assisted in his robbery of the temple of Diana at Perga, when he was legatus to Cn. Dolabella in Cilicia, b. c. 79 (Cic. 2 Verr. i. 20, iii. 21); and afterwards attended him in Sicily during his praetorship, b. c. 72—69, where, among other infamous acts, he was one of the judges (rccuperatores) in the case of Nympho. His ori­ ginal name appears to have been Artemidorus; he was probably at first a slave, and afterwards, on being freed by his master, (perhaps Cn. Cornelius Dolabella,) took the name of Cornelius. Cicero calls him in one place " Cornelius medicus" (2 Verr. iii. 11), in another " Artemidorus Pergacus" (c. 21), and in a third " Artemidorus Cornelius" (c. 49) ; but it is plain that in each passage he refers to the same individual, though Ernesti has in his Index Historicus considered them as three different persons. [W. A. G.]

ARTEMIDORUS, a painter, who lived at the close of the first century after Christ. (Martial, v. 40.) [C. P. M.]

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