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78.) He was ofle of Caesar's murderers, and afterwards served as a legate of Brutus at the beginning of b. c. 43 in Cisalpine Gaul. He defeated T. Munatius Plancus, and drove him out of Pollentia, but was killed himself in the battle fought against Antony by Hirtius. He was honoured with a statue. (Appian, B. C. ii. 113; Dion Cass. xlvi. 38, 40; Cic. Phil. xi. 6, xiii. 12, ad Fam. x. 33.) Pontius Aquila was a friend of Cicero, and is frequently mentioned by him in his letters. (Ad Fam. v. 2—4, vii. 2, 3.)
AQUILA ROMANUS, a rhetorician, who lived after Alexander Numenius but before Julius Rufinianus, probably in the third century after Christ, the author of a small work intitled, deFiguris Sententiarum et Elocutionis, which is usually printed with Rutilius Lupus. The best edition is by Ruhnken, Lugd. Bat. 1768, reprinted with additional notes by Frotscher, Lips. 1831. Rufinianus states, that Aquila took the materials of this work from one of Alexander Numenius on the same subject. [See p. 123, a.]
AQUILA, VE'DIUS, commander of the thirteenth legion, one of Otho's generals, was present in the battle in which Otho's troops were defeated by those of Vitellius, a. i). 70. He subsequently espoused Vespasian's party. (Tac. Hist. ii. 44, iii. 7.) AQUl'LIA SEVE'RA, JU'LIA, the wife of ;he emperor Elagabalus, whom he married after livorcing his former wife, Paula. This marriage rave great offence at Rome, since Aquilia was a festal virgin; but Elagabalus said that he had contracted it in order that divine children might >e born from himself, the pontifex maximus, and a restal virgin. Dion Cassius says, that he did not ive with her long; but that after marrying three •thers successively, he again returned to her. It ppears from coins that he could not have married er before a. D. 221. (Dion Cass. Ixxix. 9 ; Hero-ian. v. 6 ; Eckhel, vii. p. 259.)
AQUILINUS, a cognomen of the Herminia
1. T. herminius aquilinus, one of the heroes the lay of the Tarquins, was with M. Horatius j commander of the troops of Tarquinius Superbus len he was expelled from the camp. He was 3 of the defenders of the Sublician bridge against j whole force of Porsenna, and took an active
•t in the subsequent battle against the Etruscans.
• was consul in b. c. 506, and fell in the battle the lake Regillus in 498, in single combat with .milius. (Liv. ii. 10, 11, 20; Dionys. iv. 75, 32, 23, 26, 36, vi. 12; Pint. Poplic. 16.) }. lar herminius T. p. aquilinus, Cos. !. 448. (Liv. iii. 65; Dionys. xi. 51.) \.QUFLLIA, whom some had said that Quintus 2ro, the brother of the orator, intended to marry, ero mentions the report in one of his letters,
b. c. 44, and says, in another, that young Quintus would not endure her as a step-mother, (ad Ait. xiv. 13, 17.)
AQUILLIA GENS, patrician and plebeian. On coins and inscriptions the name is almost always written Aquillius., but in manuscripts generally with a single L This gens was of great antiquity. Two of the Aquillii are mentioned among the Roman nobles who conspired to bring back the Tarquins (Liv. ii. 4); and a member of the house, C. Aquillius Tuscus, is mentioned as consul as early as b. c. 487. The cognomens of the Aquillii under the republic are corvus, crassus, florus, gal-lus, Tuscus : for those who bear no surname, see aquillius.
AQUl'LLIUS. 1. M\ aquillius, M'.p.M'.N. Consul b. c. 129, put an end to the war which had been carried on against Aristonicus, the son of Eumenes of Pergamus, and which had been almost terminated by his predecessor, Perperna. On his return to Rome, he was accused by P. Lentulus of maladministration in his province, but was acquitted by bribing the judges. (Flor. ii. 20 ; Justin. xxxvi. 4; Veil. Pat. ii. 4 ; Cic. de Nat. Deor. ii. 5, Div. in Caecil. 21; Appian, B. C. i. 22.) He obtained a triumph on account of his successes in Asia, but not till b. c. 126. (Fast. Capitol.'}
2. M'. aquillius M'. f. M'. n., probably a son of the preceding, consul in b. c. 101, conducted the war against the slaves in Sicily, who had a second time revolted under Athenion. Aquillius completely subdued the insurgents, and triumphed on his return to Rome in 100. (Floras, iii. 19 ; Liv. JEpit, 69; Diod. xxxvi. Eel. 1; Cic. in Verr. iii. 54j v. 2; Fast. Capitol.} In 98, he was accused by L. Fufius of maladministration in Sicily; he was: defended by the orator M. Antonius, and, though there were strong proofs of his guilt, was acquitted on account of his bravery in the war. (Cic. Brut. 52, de Off. ii. 14, pro Place. 39, de Orat. ii. 28,47.) In b. c. 88, he went into Asia as one of the consular legates to prosecute the war against Mithri-dates and his allies. He was defeated near Proto-stachium, and was afterwards delivered up to Mithridates by the inhabitants of Mytilene. Mith-ridates treated him in the most barbarous manner, and eventually put him to death by pouring molten gold down his throat. (Appian, Mithr. 7, 19, 21 ; Liv. Epit. 77; Veil. Pat. ii. 18; Cic. pro Leg. Man. 5 ; Athen. v. p. 213, b.)
AQUl'LLIUS JULIA'NUS. [julianus.] AQUI'LLIUS RE'GULUS. [rbgulus.] AQUl'LLIUS SEVE'RUS. [severus.] AQUI'NIUS, a very inferior poet, a contemporary of Catullus and Cicero. (Catull. xiv. 18; Cic. Tusc. v. 22.)
ARABIANUS ('Apa&cwos), an eminent Chris tian writer, about 196 A. d., composed some books on Christian doctrine, which are lost. (Euseb. H. E. v. 27 ; Hieron. de Vir. Illust. c. 51.) [P. S.] ARA'BIUS SCHOLA'STICUS ('ApdSios sxg- AcKm/cos), the author of seven epigrams in the Greek Anthology, most of which are upon works of art, liyed probably in the reign of Justinian. (Jacobs, xiii. p. 856.) [P. S.]
ARACHNE, a Lydian maiden, daughter of Idmon of Colophon, who was a famous dyer iii