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the latter at Basel, 1554. The Greek text of the 'IgrjpiKr) Kcd 'AvviScXKri was published for the first time by H. Stephanus, Geneva, 1557. Ursinus published some fragments at Antwerp, 1582. The second edition of the Greek text was edited, with the Latin version of Gelenius, by H. Stephanus, Geneva, 1592. The twenty-third book of Appian, containing the wars with Illyria, was first published by Hoaschelius, Augsburg, 1599, and some additional fragments were added by Valesius, Paris, 1634. The third edition of Appian's work was published at Amsterdam in 1670, and is a mere reprint of the edition of H. Stephanus. The work bears on the title-page the name of Alexander Tollius, but he did absolutely nothing for the work, and allowed the typographical errors of the old edition to remain. The fourth edition, and infinitely the best, is that of Schweighauser, Leipzig, 1785, 3 vols. 8vo. A few new fragments of Appian were published by Mai in the second volume of his Nova Collectio vet. Scrip.: they are reprinted, together with the new fragments of Polybius, in "Po-lybii et Appiani Historiarum Excerpta Vaticana, £c.," edited by Lucht, Altona, 1830. Mai also discovered a letter of Appian to Fronto (p. 229 in Niebuhr's edition of Fronto).
APPIAS, a nymph of the Appian well, which was situated not far from the temple of Venus Genitrix in the forum of Julius Caesar. It was surrounded by statues of nymphs, who were called Appiades. (Ov. Rein. Am. 659? Ars Am. i. 81, iii. 451.) Cicero (ad Fam. iii. 1) flatters Appius Pulcher by applying the name Appias to a statue of Minerva. In modern times, statues of( nymphs have been found on the spot where the Appian well existed in ancient times, and they are considered to be statues of the Appiades. (Visconti, in Mus. Pio-Clem. i. p. 216, ed. Mediolan.) [L. S.] APPION. [apion.]
APPION, a jurist, contemporary with Justinian, by whom he is named in terms of high commenda tion in the 82nd Novell, on account of the excel lent discharge of his legal duties as the assessor of Marcellus. On his appointment, A. d. 539, as communis omnium^ or major judeoc, with jurisdiction next to the emperor's praefects (dpxovres), he is said by Justinian to have acquired a high character, not only legal, but general. He was previously advocates fisci^ an office to which was attached the title spectabilis* His name appears as consul a. d. 539. , [J. T. G.] A'PPIUS CLAU'DIUS. [claudius.] A'PPTUS SILA'NUS. [silanus.] APPULEIA or APULEIA GENS, plebeian. The cognomens of this gens are decianus, pansa, and saturninus: those who bear no cognomen are given under appuleius. The first of the Appu- leii, who obtained the consulship, was Q. Appuleius Pansa, b, c. 300.
APPULEIA VARILIA. [appuleius, No. 9.] APPULEIUS or APULEIUS. 1. L. appuleius, tribune of the plebs, b. c. 391, impeached Camillus for having secreted part of the spoils of Veii. (Liv. v. 32; Plut. Cam. 12.)
5. M. appuleius, was elected augur in b.c. 45, and Cicero pleaded illness as a reason for his absence from the inaugural festival, which seems to have lasted several days. (Cic. ad Att. xii. 13 —15.) At the time of Caesar's death, b. c. 44, Appuleius seems to have been quaestor in Asia ; and when Brutus crossed over into Greece and Asia, he assisted him with money and troops. (Cic. Phil. x. 11? xiii. 16; Appian, B. C. iii. 63, iv. 75.) He was proscribed by the triumvirs, b. c. 43, and fled to Brutus, who placed him over Bithynia. After the death of Brutus, b. c. 42, he surrendered the province to Antony, and was restored by him to his native country. (Appian, B. C. iv. 46.)
6. appuleius, proscribed by the triumvirs in b. c. 43, escaped with his wife to Sicily. (Appian, B. C. iv. 40.) He must be distinguished from No. 5, who was proscribed at the same time. This Appuleius is probably the same as the tribune of the plebs spoken of by Appian. (B. C. iii. 93.)
7. sex. appuleius sex. f. sex. N., consul in b. c. 29. He afterwards went to Spain as proconsul, and obtained a triumph in b. c. 26, for the victories he had gained in that country. (Dion Cass. li. 20 ; Fast. Capitol.")
9. sex. appuleius sex. f. sex. n., probably a son of No. 7, consul in a. d. 14, the year in which Augustus died. (Dion Cass. Ivi. 29 ; Suet, Aug. 100; Tac. Ann. i. 7; Veil. Pat. ii. 123.) He is called in two passages of Dion Cassius (L c. and liv. 30) a relation of Augustus. Tacitus (Ann. ii. 50) speaks of Appuleia Varilia, who was accused of adultery and treason in a. d. 17, as a granddaughter of a sister of Augustus. It is? therefore, not impossible that Sex. Appuleius may have married one of the Marcellae, the two daughters of Octavia, by her first husband Marcellus; but there is no authority for this marriage.
APPULEIUS or APULEIUS (inscriptions and the oldest MSS. generally exhibit the double consonant, see Cren. Animad. Phil. P. xi. sub. init.; Oudendorp, ad Apul. Asin. not. p. 1), chiefly celebrated as the author of the Golden Ass, was born in the early part of the second century in Africa, at Madaura, which was originally attached to the kingdom of Syphax, was transferred to Masinissa at the close of the second Punic war, and having been eventually colonized by a detachment of Roman veterans, attained to considerable splendour. This town was situated far inland on the bordei line between Numidia and Gaetulia, and hence Appuleius styles himself Seminumida et Semigae-tulus, declaring at the same time, that he had nc more reason to feel ashamed of his hybrid origin than the elder Cyrus, who in like manner might b« termed Semimedus ac Semipersa. (Apolog. pp. 443, 444, ed. Florid.) His father was a man of higt respectability, who having filled the office o: duumvir and enjoyed all the other dignities of hi; native town, bequeathed at his death the sum o nearly two millions of sesterces to his two sons (Apolog. p. 442.) Appuleius received the firs rudiments of education at Carthage, renowned a that period as a school of literature (Florida^ iv p. 20), and afterwards proceeded to Athens, when