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genes (Gal. ibid. vol. xii. p. 515) ; we may there­fore conclude that he lived in or before the first century after Christ. He was a follower of Hero­philus, and is said by Galen (ibid. p. 510) to have lived for some time at Alexandria. His work, Tlepl Mvpwv, On Ointments, is quoted by Athenaeus (xv. p. 688), and he is also mentioned by Caelius Aurelianus. (De Morb. Ac. ii. 28, p. 139).

11. apollonius hippocraticus (IinroKpd-tcjos), is said by Galen (De Secta Opt. c. 14. vol. i. p. 144 ; Comment. III. in Hippocr. " De Rat. Vict. in Morb. Ac" c. 38. vol. xv. p. 703) to have been a pupil of Hippocrates II., and must therefore have lived in the fourth century b. c. He is blamed by Erasistratus (ap. Gal. I. c.) for his excessive, severity in restricting the quantity of drink allowed to his patients.

12. apollonius memphites (Me/^mfs) was born at Memphis in Egypt, and was a follower of Erasistratus. (Gal. Introd. c. 10. vol. xiv. p. 700.) He must therefore have lived about the third cen­tury b. c., and is probably the same person who is called " Apollonius Stratonicus." He wrote a work " On the Names of the Parts of the Human Body" (Gal. /. c., and Definit. prooem. vol. xix. p. 347), and is quoted by Erotianus (Gloss. Hipp. p. 86), Galen (De Antid. ii. 14, vol. xiv. p. 188), Nico-laus Myrepsus (De Aur. cc. 11, 16. pp. 831, 832), and other ancient writers.

13. apollonius Mus (Mvs), a follower of Herophilus, of whose life no particulars are known, but who must have lived in the first century b. c., as Strabo mentions him as a contemporary, (xiv. 1, p. 182, ed. Tauchn.) He was a fellow-pupil of Heracleides of Erythrae (ibid.}, and composed a long work on the opinions of the sect founded by Herophilus. (Gael, Aurel. De Morb. Acut. ii. 13, p. 110; Gal. De Differ. Puls. iv. 10, vol. viii. pp. 744, 74-6.) He also wrote on pharmacy (Gels. De Med. v. praef. p. 81 ; Pallad. Comm. in Hipp. " Epid. FT.," ap. Dietz, Scliol. in Hipp. et Gal. vol. ii. p. 98 ; Gal. De Antid. ii. 7, 8, vol. xiv. pp. 143, 146), and is supposed to be the same person who is sometimes called " Apollonius Hero-phileius."

14. apollqnius ophis (b *O(j>is) is said by Erotianus (Gloss. Hipp. p. 8) to have made a conir pilation from the Glossary of difficult Hippocratic words by Bacclieius ; he must therefore have lived about the first or second century b. c. He is sup­posed by some persons to be Apollonius Pergame-nus, by others Apollonius Ther.

15. apollonius organicus (Opyavwos) is quoted by Galen (De Compos. Medicam. sec. Loc. v. 15, vol. xiii. p. 856), and must therefore have lived in or before the second century after Christ. Nothing is known of his life.

16. apollonius pergamenus is supposed by some persons to be? Apollonius Ophis, or Apollonius Ther. He was born at Per-gamus in Mysia, but his date is very uncertain, since it can only be positively determined that, as he is quoted by Oribasius, he must have lived in or be­fore the fourth century after Christ. (Orib. Eupor. ad Eun. i. 9, p. 578.) He is probably the author of rather a long extract on Scarification preserved by Oribasius (Med. Coll. vii. 19, 20, p. 316), which is published by C. F. Matthaei in his Collection of Greek Medical Writers, entitled XXI. Veterum et Clarorum Medicorum Graecorum Varia Opuscula, Mosqu. 1808, 4to., p. 144.


17. apollonius pitanaeus was born at Pita-nae in Aeolia, and must have lived in or before the first century after Christ, as an absurd and superstitious remedy is attributed to him by Pliny. (H. N. xxix. 38.)

18. apollonius senior (6 Upco-Svrepos) is quoted by Erotianus (Gloss. Hipp. p. 86), and must therefore have lived in or before the first century after Christ. Some persons suppose him to be one of the physicians called Apollonius Antiochenus.

19. apollonius stratonicus (6 airo ^rpd-t&vos) was probably not the son, but the pupil, of Strato of Beryta: he is very likely the same person as Apollonius Memphites, and may be supposed to have lived about the third century b. c. He was a follower of Erasistratus, and wrote a work on the Pulse, which is quoted by Galen. (De Differ. Puls. iv. 17, vol. viii. p. 759.)

20. apollonius tarsensis (6 Tap<T€iS$) was born at Tarsus in Cilicia, and lived perhaps in the first or second century after Christ. His prescrip­tions are several times quoted by Galen. (De Compos. Medicam. sec. Gen. v. 13, vol. xiii. p. 843.)

21. afollonius ther (6 0?fp) is supposed by some persons to be the same as Apollonius Ophis, or Apollonius Pergamenus. As he is quoted by Erotianus (Gloss. Plipp. p. 86), lie must have lived in or before the first century after Christ.

22. Another physician of this name, who is mentioned by Apuleius (Met. ix. init.) as having been bitten by a mad dog, must (if he ever really existed) have lived in the second century after Christ ; and the name occurs in several ancient authors, belonging to one or more physicians, without any distinguishing epithet. [W. A. G.J

APOLLOPHANES ('ATroAAoc^s). 1. Of antioch, a Stoic philosopher, was a friend of Ariston of Chios, on whom he wrote a work called 'Api'cTTCoz/. (Athen. vii, p. 281.) Diogenes Laertius (vii. 140, comp. 92) mentions a work of his called fyvviKr), His name also occurs in Tertullian. (De Anim. 14.) Some writers have asserted, though without any good reason, that Apollophanes the Stoic was the same as Apollophanes the physician who lived at the court of Antiochus. A later Stoic philosopher of this name occurs in Socrates (Hist. Eccl. vi. 19) and in Suidas. (s. v. *&piysvns • comp. Ruhnken, Dissert, de Vita et Script. Lonc/ini, sect. vii.)

2. Of athens, a poet of the old Attic comedy (Suid.), appears to have been a contemporary of Strattis, and to have consequently lived about Ol. 95. (Harpocrat. s. v. d5eA(/>t£etj>.) Suidas ascribes to him five comedies, viz. AaAis, 'I^ryepew, Kptfres, Aavdij and Kevravpoi. Of the former three we still possess a few fragments, but the last two are completely lost. (Athen. iii. pp. 75, 114, xi. pp. 467, 485 ; Phot. Lex. s. v. fJ-vaiKdp^s ; Aelian, Hist. Ann. vi. 51 ; Phot. p. 624; Meineke, Hist. Crit. Comic. Graec. p. 266, &c.)

3. Of cyzicus, was connected by friendship with the Persian satrap Pharnabazus, and afterwards formed a similar connexion with Agesilaus. Soon after this, Pharnabazus requested him to persuade Agesilaus to meet him, which was done accord­ ingly. (Xenoph. Hcllen. iv. 1. § 29 ; Pint. Agesil 12.) This happened in b. c. 396, shortly befort the withdrawal of Agesilaus from the satrapy o. Pharnabazus. [L. S.]

APOLLOPHANES ('A-n-oAAo^a^s), a nativ< of Seleuceia, and physician to Antiochus the Great king of Syria, b. c. 223—187, with whom, as ap

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