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APOLLODORUS.

be referred to the year b. c. 340, when Apollo-dorus was fifty-four years of age. Apollodorus was a very wealthy man, and performed twice the liturgy of the trierarchy. (Dem. c. Polycl. p. 1208? c. Nicostr. p. 1247.)

2. Of amphipolis, one of the generals of Alex­ander the Great, was entrusted in b. c. 331, together with Menes, with the administration of Babylon and of all the satrapies as far as Cilicia. Alexander also gave them 1000 talents to collect as many troops as they could. (Diod. xvii. 54 ; Curtius, v. 1 ; comp. Arrian, Anab. vii. 18 ; Appian, de Dell. Civ.ii. 152.)

3. Of artemita, whence he is distinguished from others of the name of Apollodorus by the ethnic adjective'Apre^iras or^Apre^Lr^vos. (Steph. Byz. s. v, 3Apre/.ura.) The time in which he lived is unknown. Pie wrote a work on the Parthian s which is referred to by Strabo (ii. p. 118, xi. pp. 509, 519, xv. p. 685), and by Athenaeus (xv. p. 682), who mentions the fourth book of his work. There are two passages in Strabo (xi. pp. 516 and 526), in which according to the common reading he speaks of an Apollodorus Adramyttenus ; but as he is evidently speaking of the author of the Parthica, the word 5ASpa,aurT7jvos has justly been changed into 'ApTef-LiTrjvos. "Whether this Apollo­dorus of Artemita is the same as the one to whom a history of Caria is ascribed, cannot be decided. Stephanus Byzantius (s. vv. ^ApKovycros and Acryt->/ta") mentions the seventh and fourteenth books of this work.

4. An athenian, commanded the Persian mxiliaries which the Athenians had solicited from f ;he king of Persia against Philip of Macedonia in 3. c. 340. Apollodorus was engaged with these ;roops in protecting the town of Perinthus while r'hilip invaded its territory. (Pans. i. 29. § 7 ; :omp. Diod. xvi. 75; Arrian, A nab. ii. 14.)

5. A boeotian, who together with Epaenetus ame as ambassador from Boeotia to Messenia, in 5. c. 183, just at the time when the Messenians, errified by Lycortas, the general of the Achaeans, /ere inclined to negotiate for peace. The influence f the Boeotian ambassadors decided the question, nd the Messenians concluded peace with the Lchaeans. (Polyb. xiv. 12.)

6. Of carystus. The ancients distinguish be-tveen two comic poets of the name of Apollodorus : le one is called a native of Gela in Sicily, and the ther of Carystus in Euboea. Suidas speaks of an ,thenian comic poet Apollodorus, and this circum-:ance has led some critics to imagine that there

•ere three Comic poets of the name of Apollodorus. ut as the Athenian is not mentioned anywhere se, and as Suidas does not notice the Carystian, is supposed that Suidas called the Carystian an thenian either by mistake, or because he had the .theniaii franchise. It should, however, be re-embered that the plays of the Carystian were not ^formed at Athens, but at Alexandria. (Athen. v. p. 664.) Athenaeus calls him a contemporary ' Machon ; so that he probably lived between the ?ars b. c. 300 and 260. Apollodorus of Carystus slonged to the school of the new Attic comedy, .id was one of the most distinguished among its >ets. (Athen. I. c.) This is not only stated by

•od authorities, but may also be inferred from the :t, that Terence took his Hecyra and Phormio >m Apollodorus of Carystus. (A. Mai, Fragm, lauti et Terentii, p. 38.) According to Suidas

APOLLODORUS.

Apollodorus wrote 47 comedies, and five times gained the prize. We know the titles and possess fragments of several of his plays; but ten comedies are mentioned by the ancients under the name of Apollodorus alone, and without any suggestion as to whether they belong to Apollodorus of Cai\ys-tus or to Apollodorus of Gela. (A. Meineke, Hist. Grit. Comicor. Graecor. p. 462, &c.)

7. Tyrant of cassandreia (formerly Potidaea)in the peninsula of Pallene. He at first pretended to be a friend of the people ; but when he had gained their confidence, he formed a conspiracy for the purpose of making himself tyrant, and bound his accom-

O V *

plices by most barbarous ceremonies described in Diodorus. (xxii. Exc. p. 563.) When he had gained his object, about b. c. 279, he began his tyrannical reign, which in cruelty, rapaeiousness, and debauchery, has seldom been equalled in any country. The ancients mention him along with the most detestable tyrants that ever lived. (Polyb. vii. 7 ; Seneca, De Ira, ii. 5, De >Benef. vii. 19.) But notwithstanding the support which he derived from the Gauls, who were then pene­trating southward, he was unable to maintain him­self, and was conquered and put to death by Antigonus Gonatas. (Polyaen. vi. 7, iv. 6, 18; Aelian, F". If. xiv. 41; Hist. An. v. 15 ; Plut. De Sera Num. Vind. 10, 11; Paus. iv. 5. § 1; Hein-sius, ad Odd. ex Pont. ii. 9. 43.)

8. Of cumae, a Greek grammarian, who is said to have been the first person that was distinguished by the title of grammarian and critic. (Clem. Alex. Strom. i. p. 309.) According to Pliny (H. N. vii. 37) his fame was so great that he was honoured by the Amphictyonic council of the Greeks.

9. Of cyrene, a Greek grammarian, who is often cited by other Greek grammarians, as by the Scho­liast on Euripides (Orest. 1485), in the Etymolo-gicmn M. (s. v. /3cOjUoAo%oi), and by Suidas (s. vv. avriKpvs, /3o>,uoAo%0s, Ncmov, and /35eAu<rcrco)0 From Athenaeus (xi. p. 487) it would seem that he wrote a work on drinking vessels (Tror^pia), and if we may believe the authority of Natalis Comes (iii. 16—18, ix. 5), he also wrote a work on the gods, but this may possibly be a confusion of Apollodorus of Cyrene, with the celebrated gram­marian of Athens. (Heyne, ad Apoilod. pp. 1174, £c., 1167.)

10. Of cyzicus, lived previous to the time of Plato, who in his dialogue Ion (p. 541), mentions him as one of the foreigners whom the Athenians had frequently placed at the head of their armies. This statement is repeated by Aelian ( V.H. xiv. 5), but in what campaigns Apollodorus served the Athenians is not known. Athenaeus (xi. p. 506), in censuring Plato for his malignity, mentions Apollodorus, and the other foreigners enumerated in the passage of the Ion, as instances of persons calum­niated by the philosopher, although the passage does not contain a trace of anything derogatory to them.

11. Of cyzicus, an unknown Greek writer, who is mentioned by Diogenes Laertius (ix. 38), and is perhaps the same as the Apollodotus spoken of by Clemens of Alexandria. (Strom. ii. p. 417.)

12. Surnamed ephillus, a Stoic philosopher, who is frequently mentioned by Diogenes Laertius, who attributes to him two works, one called ^ufn/o), and the other -nOimj. (Diog. Lae'rt. vii. 39, 41, 54, 64, 84, 102, 121, 125, 129, 135, 140.) Theon of Alexandria wrote a commentary on the tpvcriKr) (Suid, s. v. ®eW), and Stobaeus (Edog. Phys. i.

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