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On this page: Antisthenes – Antistia – Antistia Gens – Antistius – Antistius Sosianus – Antonia

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ANTISTIUS.

•whether they are the same person as the Rhodian, or two distinct writers, or the Ephesian Antis- thenes mentioned by Diogenes Laertnis (vi. 19), cannot be decided. [L. S.]

ANTISTHENES ('AvrurObqs), a spartan admiral in the Peloponnesian war, was sent out in b. c. 4-12, in command of a squadron, to the coast of Asia Minor, and was to have succeeded Astyo- chus, in case the Spartan commissioners thought it necessary to deprive that officer of his command. (Thuc. viii. 39.) We hear of him again in b. c. 399, when, with two other commissioners, he was sent out to inspect the state of affairs in Asia, and announce to DercylHdas that his command was to be prolonged for another year. (Xen. Hellen. iii. 2. § 6.) There was also an Athenian general of this name. (Mem. iii. 4. § 1.) [C. P. M.]

ANTISTIA. 1. Wife of Ap. Claudius, Cos. b. c. 143, and mother-in-law of Tib. Gracchus. (Pint. Tib. Gracch. 4.)

2. Daughter of P."Antistius [antistius, No. 6] and Calpurnia, was married to Pompeius Magnus in b. c. 86, who contracted the connexion that he-might obtain a favourable judgment from Antistius, who presided in the court in which Pompeius was to be tried. Antistia was divorced by her husband in b. c. 82 by Sulla's order, Avho made him marry his step-daughter Aemilia. (Plut. Pomp. 4, 9.)

ANTISTIA GENS, on coins and inscriptions usually ANTE'STIA, plebeian, (Liv, yi. 30.) In the earlier ages of the republic, none of the mem­bers of the gens appear with any surname, and even in later times they are sometimes mentioned without one. The surnames under the republic 'are labeo, reginus, and vbtus : those who had no surname are given under antistius. No per­sons of this name are of great historical importance.

ANTISTIUS. 1. sex. antistius, tribune of ihe plebs, b. c. 422. (Liv. iv. 42.)

2. L. antistius, consular tribune, b. c. 379. ;Liv. vi. 30.)

3. M. antistius, tribune of the Blebs, about i. c. 320. (Liv. xxvi. 33, ix. 12.)

4. M. antistius, was sent in b. c. 218 to the lorth of Italy to recall C. Flammius, the consul tact, to Rome. (Liv. xxi. 63.)

5. sex. antistius, was sent in b. c. 208 into jaiil to watch the movements of Hasdrubal. (Liv. .xvii. 36.)

6. P. antistius, tribune of the plebs, b. c. 88, pposed in his tribuneship C. Caesar Strabo, who fas a candidate for the consulship without having een praetor. The speech he made upon this occa-ion brought him into public notice, and afterwards e frequently had important causes entrusted to im, though he was already advanced in years, icero speaks favourably of his eloquence. In msequence of the marriage of his daughter to ompeius Magnus, he supported the party of Sulla, id was put to death by order of young Marius in . c. 82. His wife Calpurnia killed herself upon le death of her husband. (Cic. Brut. 63, 90, ~o Rose. Amo/r. 32; Veil. Pat. ii. 26; Appian, . C. i. 88 ; Liv. Epit. 86 ; Plut. Pomp. 9 ; Dru-ann, Gesch. Roms, i. p. 55.)

7. T. antistius, quaestor in Macedonia, b. c. ). When Pompey came into the province in e following year, Antistius had received no suc-ssor; and according to Cicero, he did only as nch for Pompey as circumstances compelled him. e took no part in the war, and after the battle of

ANTONIA.

Pharsalia went to Bithynia, where he saw Caesar and was pardoned by him. He died at Corcyra on his return, leaving behind him considerable pro­perty. (Cic. ad Fam. xiii. 29.)

ANTISTIUS, the name of the physician who examined the body of Julius Caesar after his murder, B. c. 44; and who is said by Suetonius (Jul. Caes. 82) to have declared, that out of all his wounds only one was mortal,namely, that which he had received in the breast. [W. A. G.]

ANTISTIUS ('Ai/Tfor-rios), a writer of Greek epigrams, though, as his name seems to indicate, a Roman by birth. Respecting his life and his age nothing is known, but we possess three of his epigrams in the Greek Anthology. (Jacobs., ad Anthol. Gr. xiii. p. 852.) [L. S.]

ANTISTIUS SOSIANUS. [SosiANus.J

SP. A'NTIUS, a Roman ambassador, was sent with three others to Lar Tolumnius, the king of the Veientes, in b.c. 438, by whom he was killed. Statues of all four were placed on the R,ostra. (Liv. iv. 16 ; Cic. Phil ix. 2.) In Pliny (H. N. xxxiv. 6. s. 11) the reading is Sp. Nautius, which ought, however, to be changed into Antius. (Comp. Drakenborch, ad Liv. L c.)

ANTONIA. 1. A daughter of Antonius the orator, Cos. b. c. 99 [antonius, No. 8], was seized in Italy itself by the pirates over whom her father triumphed, and obtained her liberation only on payment of a large sum. (Plut. Pomp. 24.]

2. 3. The two daughters of C. Antonius, Cos. b. c. 63, of whom one was married to C. Caninius Gallus (Val. Max. iv. 2. § 6), and the other to her first cousin, M. Antonius, the triumvir. The latter was divorced by her husband in 47, on the ground of an alleged intrigue between her and Dolabella. (Cic. Phil. ii. 38; Plut. Ant. 9.)

4. Daughter of M. Antonius, the triumvir, and his second wife Antonia, was betrothed to the son of M. Lepidus in B. c. 44, and married to him in 36. (Dion Cass. xliv. 53 ; Appian, B. C. v. 93.) She must have died soon after; for her husband Lepidus, who died in 30, was at that time married to a second wife, Servilia, (Veil. Pat. ii. 88 ; Dru-mann, GescJi. Ro?ns9 i. p. 518.)

5. The elder of the two daughters of M. An­tonius by Octavia, the sister of Augustus, was born b. c. 39, and was married to L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, Cos. B. c. 16. Her son by this marriage, Cn. Domitius, was the father of the em­peror Nero. [See the Stemma, p. 84.] According to Tacitus (Ann. iv. 44, xii. 64), this Antonia was the younger daughter; but we have followed Sueto­nius (Ner. 5) and Plutarch (Ant. 87) in calling her the elder. (Compare Dion Cass. Ii. 15.)

6. The younger of the two daughters of M. An­tonius by Octavia, born about b.c. 36, was married to Drusus, the brother of the emperor Tiberius, by whom she had three children : 1. Germanicus, the father of the emperor Caligula ; 2. Livia or Livilla; and 3. the emperor Claudius. She lived to see the accession of her grandson Caligula to the throne, a. d. 37, who at first conferred upon her the great­est honours, but afterwards treated her with so much contempt, that her death was hastened by his conduct : according to some accounts, he admi­nistered poison to her. The emperor Claudius paid the highest honours to her memory. Pliny (H. N. xxxv. 36. § 16) speaks of a temple of An­tonia, which was probably built at the command of Claudius. Antonia was celebrated for her beauty^

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