The Ancient Library
 

Scanned text contains errors.

On this page: Antipater

201

ANTIPATER.

When subsequently Attica was invaded hy the Amazons, Antiope fought with Theseus against them, and died the death of a heroine by his side. (Comp. Diod. iv. 28 ; Plut. T/ies. 26, 27.) Ac­cording to Hyginus (Fab. 241) Antiope was a daughter of Ares, and was killed by Theseus him­self in consequence of an oracle.

3. A daughter of Pylon or Pylaon, was married to Eurytus, by whom she became the mother of the Argonauts Iphitus and Clytius. She is also called Antioche. (Apollon. Rhod. i. 86; Hygin. Fab. 14, with Muncker's note.)

4. A daughter of Aeolus, by whom Poseidon begot Boeotus and Hellen. (Hygin. Fab. 157; Diod. iv. 67, who calls the mother of these two heroes Arne.) [aeolus.]

Two other mythical personages of this name oc­ cur in Apollod. ii. 7. § 8, and in Serv. ad Aen. vi. 46, though Servius seems to confound Antiope with Anteia, the wife of Proetus. [L. S.]

ANTIPATER, a celebrated chaser of silver. (Plin. xxxiii. 55.) [P. S.]

ANTIPATER (yAvTiirarpo<i), a writer on the interpretation of dreams (Oneirocritica), mentioned by Artemidorus. (Oneir. iv. 64.) [L. S.]

ANTIPATER ('AvriWrpos), of acanthus, a Greek grammarian of uncertain date (Ptolem. Heph. ap. Phot. Cod. 190; Eustath. ad Horn. Od. xi. p. 453), who is probably the same as the one mentioned by the Scholiast on Aristophanes. (Av. 1403.) [L. S.]

ANTIPATER ('Ai/riVai-pos), an astrologer

•)r mathematician, who wrote a work upon geneth- .ialogia, in which he endeavoured to explain man's iate, not from the circumstances under which he yas born, but from those under which he had been conceived. (Vitruv. ix. 7.) [L. S.]

ANTIPATERfAjmWrpos),bishop of bostra n Arabia, flourished about 460 A. d. His chief vork was 'Aim'/3/>?7<ns, a reply to Pamphilus's Apo-ogy for Origen, some fragments of which are con-ained in the Acts of the 2nd council of Nice. He ,lso wrote a homily on John the Baptist, and some

•ther discourses. (Fabric. Bibl. Grace, x. p. 518 ; /ave, Hist. Litt. sub ann. 460.) [P. S.]

ANTIPATER ('AvrtvaTpos), the father of

'assander, was an officer in high favour with

'hilip of Macedon (Just. ix. 4), who after his vic-

Dry at Chaeroneia, b. c. 338, selected him to con-

uct to Athens the bones of the Athenians who

ad fallen in the battle. (Just. L c.; Polyb. v. 10.)

Ie joined Parmenion in the ineffectual advice to

Jexarider the Great not to set out on his Asiatic

spedition till he had provided by marriage for

le succession to the throne (Diod xvii. 16) ; and,

i the king^s departure, b. c. 334, he was left

igent in Macedonia. (Diod. xvii. 17; Arr. And).

p. 12, a.) In b. c. 331 Antipater suppressed

le Thracian rebellion under Memnon (Diod. xvii.

2), and also brought the war with the Spartans

ider Agis III. to a successful termination. (See

72, b.) It is with reference to this event that

e first find any intimation of Alexander's jealousy

Antipater—a feeling which was not improbably

•oduced or fostered by the representations of

lympias, and perhaps by the known sentiments

Antipater himself. (Curt. vi. 1. § 17, &c., x. 10.

14 j Plut. Ages. p. 604, b., Aletx. pp. 688, c.,

)5, f.; Perizon, ad Ael. V. H. xii. 16 ; Thirlw.

r. Hist. vol. vii. p. 89 ; but see Plut. Plioc. p.

:9, e.; Ael. V. H. i. 25.) Whether, however,

ANTIPATER.

from jealousy or from the necessity of guarding against the evil consequences of the dissensions between Olympias and Antipater, the latter was ordered to lead into Asia the fresh troops required by the king, b. c. 324, while Craterus, under whom the discharged veterans were sent home, was ap­pointed to the regency in Macedonia. (Arr. vii. p. 155 ; Pseudo-Curt, x. 4. § 9, &c.; Just. xii. 12.) The story which ascribes the death of Alexander, b'. c. 323, to poison, and implicates Antipater and even Aristotle in the plot, is perhaps sufficiently refuted by its own intrinsic absurdity, and is set aside as false by Arrian and Plutarch. (Diod. xvii. 118; Paus. viii. 18 ; Tac. Ann. ii. 73; Curt. x. 10. §14, &c.; Arr. vii. p. 167 ; Plut. Alex. ad fin.; Liv. viii. 3; Diod. xix. 11 ; Athen. x. p. 434, c.) On Alexander's death, the regency of Macedonia was assigned to Antipater, and he forthwith found himself engaged in a war with a strong confederacy of Grecian states with Athens at their head. At first he was defeated by Leosthenes, and besieged in Lamia, whence he even sent an embassy to Athens with an unsuccessful application for peace. (Diod. xviii. 3, 12, 18 ; Paus. i. 25 ; Just. xiii. 5 ; Plut. Plioc. p. 752, b., Demosih. p. 858, d.) The approach of Leonnatus obliged the Athenians to raise the siege, and the death of that general, who was defeated by Antiphilus (the successor of Leos­thenes), and who was in league against the regent with Olympias, was far more an advantage than a loss to Antipater. (Diod. xviii. 14, 15 ; Just. xiii. 5 ; Plut. Eum. p. 584, d. e.) Being joined by Craterus, he defeated the confederates at Cranon, and succeeded in dissolving the league by the pru­dence and moderation with which he at first used his victory. Athens herself was obliged to pur­chase peace by the abolition of democracy and the admission of a garrison into Munychia, the latter of which conditions might surely have enabled Antipater to dispense with the destruction of Demosthenes and the chiefs of his party. (Diod. xviii. 16-18; Plut. Plioc. pp. 753, 754, Dcmosth. p. 858; Paus. vii. 10; Thirlw. Gr. Hist. vol. vii. p. 187, note 1 ; Bockh, Publ. Econ. of Athens., i. 7, iv. 3.) Returning now to Macedonia, he gave his daughter Phila in marriage to Craterus, with whom, at the end of the year b. c. 323, he invaded the Aetolians, the only party in the Lamian war who had not yet submitted. (Diod. xviii. 24.) But the intelligence brought him by Antigonus of the treachery of Perdiccas, and of his intention of put­ting away Nicaea, Antipater's daughter, to marry Cleopatra, compelled him to pass over to Asia ; where, leaving Craterus to act against Eumenes, he himself hastened after Perdiccas, who was marching towards Egypt against Ptolemy. (Diod. xviii. 23, 25, 29-33; Plut. Eum. pp. 585, 586 ; Just. xiii. 6.) On the murder of Perdiccas, the supreme regency devolved on Antipater, who, at Triparadeisus in Syria, successfully maintained his power against Eurydice, the queen. Marching into Lydia, he avoided a battle with Eumenes, and he on his side was dissuaded from attacking Anti-.pater by Cleopatra, who wished to give the regent no cause of complaint. Towards the close of the year 321, he returned into Europe, taking with him the king and queen, and leaving Antigonus to prosecute the war with Eumenes. (Diod. xviii. 39, 40 ; Plut. Eum. p. 588, a.) It was during the mortal illness of Antipater, b.c. 320, that Demades was sent to him from Athens to endeavour to ob-

Pages
About | First

200

201

202
letter/word  
volume
page #  
Search this site
Google


ancientlibrary.com
WWW
All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.
Ancient Library was developed and hosted by Tim Spalding of Isidore-of-Seville.com.