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ANTTOCHUS, a jurist, who was at the head of the commission appointed to compile the Theo dosian Code. He was praefectus praetorio and consul. In the 33rd Novell of Theodosius the Younger (a. d. 444), he is spoken of as a person deceased, illustris memoriae Antiochus. He is con founded by Jac. Godefroi, in the Prolegomena of his edition of the Theodosian Code (c. 1. § 5) with two other persons of the same name; Antiochus, mentioned by Marcellinus as living in the year 448, and Antiochus, the eunuch, who was praepo- situs sancti cubiculi. This error was pointed out by Ritter in the 6th volume of his edition of the Theodosian Code, p. 6. [J. T. G.]
ANTIOCHUS ('aj/t/oxos), a monk of the monastery of St, Saba, near Jerusalem, flourished at the time of the taking of Jerusalem by the Per sians. (a. D. 614.) He wrote, besides other works of little importance, one entitled Traj/Se/cr^s ttjs dyias ypcvprjs, an epitome of the Christian faith, as contained in scripture, in 130 chapters. This work was first published in Latin by Tilman, Paris. 1543, 8vo., reprinted in the Bibliotkeca Pairum, Paris, 1579 ; Colon. 1618 ; Lugd. 1677. The ori ginal Greek was first published by Fronto Ducaeus, in the Auctarii BibL Pair. Paris, 1624, reprinted in Morell's Bill. Pair. Paris, 1644. A considera ble fragment of it is printed in Fabricius1 BibL Graec. x. p. 501. [P. S.]
ANTIOCHUS PHILOMETOR (^iXo^tap) is supposed by some persons to have been a physi cian, or druggist, who must have lived in or before the second century after Christ; he is the in ventor of an antidote against poisonous reptiles, &c., of which the prescription is embodied in a short Greek elegiac poem. The poem is insert- ad by Galen in one of his works (De Antid. ii. 14, 17, vol. xiv. pp. 185, 201), but nothing is known of the history of the author. Others sup- Dose that a physician of this name is not the author iither of the poem or the antidote, but that they ire connected in some way with the Theriaca which Antiochus the Great, king of Syria, was in the labit of using, and the prescription for which he ledicated in verse to Aesculapius (Plin. //. N. xx. :ap. ult.) or Apollo. (Plin. Valer. De Re Med. iv. 58.) (See Cagnati Variae Observat. ii. 25, p. 174, d. Rom. 1587.) [W. A. G.]
ANTFOCHUS ('Avrioxos). 1. A physician, viio appears to have lived at Rome in the second entury after Christ. Galen gives a precise account De Sanit. Tuenda, v. 5, vol. vi. p. 332) of the :>od he used to eat and the way in which he .ved ; and tells us that, by paying attention to his iet, &c., he was able to dispense with the use of medicines, and when upwards of eighty years old sed to visit his patients on foot. Ae'tius (tetrab. , serm. iii. c. 114. p. 132) and Paulus Aegineta vii. 8, p. 290) quote a prescription which may erhaps belong to this physician, but he is pro-ably not the person mentioned by Galen under the ame " Antiochus Philometor."
2. The name of two physicians, saints and lartyrs, the first of whom was born of an eques-ian family in Mauritania. After devoting >me years to the study of sacred and profane
literature, he finally embraced the medical profession, not for the sake of gain, but merely that he might be useful to mankind. He spent some time in Asia Minor, where he exercised his profession gratuitously, and used to endeavour to convert his patients to Christianity. He then went to Sardinia during the persecution against the Christians under Hadrian, about a. d. 120, where he is said to have been cruelly tortured, and at last miraculously delivered by being taken up into heaven. His memory is celebrated by the Romish church on the 13th of December.
3. The other was born at Sebaste in Armenia, and was put to death during the persecution under Diocletian, A. d. 303—311. He is said to have been tortured, and thrown to the wild beasts, and, when these refused to touch him, at last beheaded ; it is added that milk, instead of blood, issued from his neck, upon which the executioner immediately professed himself to be a Christian, and accordingly suffered martyrdom with him. His memory is celebrated by the Greek and Ro mish churches on the 15th of July. (Martyrolo- gium Romanum; Bzovius, Nomenclator Sanctorum Professione Medicorum; Ada Sanctorum, Jul. 15, vol. iv. p. 25; dementis, Menologium Graecorum^ vol. iii. p. 168 ; Fabricius, Biblioth. Graeca, vol. xiii. p. 64, ed. vet.) [W. A. G.]
ANTIOCHUS ('aj/t/oxos), bishop of pto.le- ma'is in Palestine, was a Syrian by birth. At the beginning of the 5th century after Christ, he went to Constantinople, where his eloquent preaching attracted such attention, that he was called by some another Chrysostom. He afterwards took part warmly with the enemies of Chrysostom, and died not later than 408 A. d. Besides many ser mons, he left a large work "against Avarice," which is lost. (Gennad. 20 ; Theodoret. Dial. ii.; Phot. Cod. 288; Act. Concil. Eplies. iii. p. 118, Labbe; Catal. Codd. Vindobon. pt. i. p. 116, No. 58.) [P. S.]
ANTIOCHUS ('ai/tio'xos), an Athenian sculptor, whose name is inscribed on his statue of Athene in the Villa Ludovisi at Rome. (Winc-kelmann's Werke, iv. 375, vi. 252, ed. 1829.) [P.S.] ANTI'OCHUS ('Avrtoxos), the father of se-leucus Nicator, the king of Syria, and the grandfather of Antiochus Soter, was one of Philip's generals. (Justin, xv. 4.) A genealogical table of his descendants is given under seleucidae.
thus a contemporary of Thucydides and the Pelo-ponnesian war. (Joseph. c.Apion. i. 3.) Respecting his life nothing is known, but his historical works were held in very high esteem by the ancients on account of their accuracy. (Dionys. i. 73.) His two works were : 1. A history of Sicily, in nine books, from the reign of king Cocalus, i. e. from the earliest times down to the year b. c. 424 or 425. (Diod. xii. 71.) It is referred to by Pau-sanias (x. 11. § 3), Clemens of Alexandria (Pro-irept. p. 22), and Theodoret. (P. 115.)—2. A history of Italy, which is very frequently referred to by Strabo (v. p. 242, vi. pp. 252, 254, 255, 257, 262, 264, 265, 278), by Dionysius (II. «?., and i. 22, 35 ; comp. Steph. Byz. s. v. Bperrtos; Hesych, s. v. ^<avt\v ; Niebuhr, Hist, of Rome, i. p. 14, &c. The fragments of Antiochus are coa-