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ANTTOCHUS.

or from a superstitious belief that "by so doing he should avert some calamity from the emperor. Dion Cassius favours the latter supposition. The grief of, the emperor knew no bounds. He strove to perpetuate the memory of his favourite by monuments of all kinds. He rebuilt the city of Besa in the Thebais, near which Antinous was drowned, and gave it the name of Antinoopolis. He enrolled Antinous amongst the gods, caused temples to be erected to him in Egypt and Greece (at Mantineia), and statues of him to be set up in almost every part of the world. In one of the sanctuaries dedicated to him oracles were delivered in his name. Games were also celebrated in his honour. {Did. of Ant. s. v. ^kvtlvosicl.) A star be­ tween the eagle and the zodiac, which the courtiers of the emperor pretended had then first made its appearance, and was the soul of Antinous, received his name, which it still bears. A large number of works of art of all kinds were executed in his honour, and many of them are still extant. They have been diffusely described and classified by Konrad Levezow in his treatise Ueber den An­ tinous dargestellt in den Kunstdenkm'dlern des Altertliums. The death of Antinous, which took place probably in A. d. 122, seems to have formed an era in the history of ancient art. (Dion Cass. Ixix. 11; Spartian. Hadrian. 14; Paus. viii. 9. § 4.) [C. P. M.]

There were various medals struck in honour of Antinous in the Greek cities, but none at Rome or in any of the Roman colonies. In the one an­nexed, which was struck at Bithynium, the birth­place of Hadrian, the inscription is H IIATPIS ANTINOON 6EON, that is, " His native country (reverences) the god Antinous." The inscription on the reverse is nearly effaced on the meclal from which the drawing was made: it was originally AAPIANHN BIQTNIEflN. On it Mercury is re­presented with a bull by his side, which probably has reference to Apis. (Eckhel, vi. p. 528, &c.)

ANTIOCHIS ('Awoxfr). 1. A sister of Antiochus the Great, married to Xerxes, king of Armosata, a city between the Euphrates and the Tigris. (Polyb. viii. 25.)

2. A daughter of Antiochus the Great, married to Ariarathes, king of Cappadocia, bore to her hus­band two daughters and a son named Mitliridates. (Diod. xxxi. Eel. 3; Appian, Syr. 5.)

3. A daughter of Achaeus, married to Attains, and the mother of Attains-L, king of Pergamus. (Strab. xiii. p. 624.)

ANTIOCHUS ('Amo'xos). There are three mythical personages of this name, concerning whom nothing of any interest is related. (Diod. iv. 37; Paus. i. 5. § 2, x. 10. § 1 ; Apollod. ii. 4. § 5, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 170.) [L. S.] ^ ANTI'OCHUS ('Azm'oxos), of aegae in Cili- cia, a sophist, or as he himself pretended to be, a Cynic philosopher. He flourished about a. d. 200,

.ANTIOCHUS.:

during the reign of Severus and Caracalla. He belonged to a distinguished family, some members of which were afterwards raised to the consulship at Rome. He took no part in the political affairs of his native place, but with his large property, which was increased by the liberality of the emperors, he was enabled to support and relieve his fellow-citizens whenever it was needed. He used to spend his nights in the temple of Asclepius, partly on account of the dreams and the communications with the god in them, and partly on account of the conversation of other persons who likewise spent their nights there without being able to sleep. During the war of Caracalla against the Parthians he was at first of some service to the Roman army by his Cynic mode of life, but afterwards he de­serted to the Parthians together with Tiridates.

Antiochus was one of the most distinguished rhetoricians of his time. He was a pupil of Dar- danus, the Assyrian, and Dionysius, the Milesian. He used to speak extempore, and his declamations and orations were distinguished for their pathos, their richness in thought, and the precision of their style, which had nothing of the pomp and bombast of other rhetoricians. But he also acquired some reputation as a writer. Philostratus mentions an historical work of his (Iffropia) which is praised for the elegance of its style, but what was the subject of this history is unknown. Phrynichus (p. 32] refers to a work of his called 'A.yopd. (Philostr, Vit. Soph. ii. 4. 5. § 4 ; Dion Cass. Ixxvii. 19 Suidas, s. v.; Eudoc. p. 58.) [L. S.]

ANTIOCHUS ('Azm'oxos), of alexandria wrote a work on the Greek poets of the middle Attic comedy. (Athen. xi. p. 282.) Fabriciui thinks that he is, perhaps, the same man as tin mythographer Antiochus, who wrote a work o mythical traditions arranged according to the plac<; where they were current. (Ptolem. Hephaest. 9 ; Phot. Cod. 190.) Some writers are inclined f consider the mythographer as the same wit. Antiochus of Aegae or Antiochus of Syracuse ; bn nothing certain can be said about the matter. [L. S.

ANTIOCHUS (5Azm'0xoy), an arcadian, wa the envoy sent by his state to the Persian court i b. c. 367, when embassies went to Susa from mos of the Grecian states. The Arcadians, probabl through the influence of Pelopidas, the Theba ambassador, were treated as of less importanc than the Eleans—an affront which Antiochus r< sented by refusing the presents of the king. (Xe: Hell. vii. 1. § 33, &c.) Xenophon says, that Ai tiochus had conquered in the pancratium; ar Pausanias informs us (vi. 3. § 4), that Antiochu the pancratiast, was a native of Lepreum, and th he conquered in this contest once in the Olymp games, twice in the Nemean, and twice in tl Isthmian. His statue was made by Nicodami Lepreum was claimed by the Arcadians as one their towns, whence Xenophon calls Antiochus ; Arcadian ; but it is more usually reckoned as I longing to Elis.

ANTIOCHUS ('Avrfoxos), of ascalon, t founder, as lie is called, of the fifth Academy, w a friend of Lucullus the antagonist of Mithridati and the teacher of Cicero during his studies Athens (b. c. 79) ; but he had a school at Alexa dria also, as well as in Syria, where he seems have ended his life. (Plut. Cic. c. 4, Lucutt. c. 4 Cic. Acad. ii. 19.) He was a philosopher of cc siderable reputation in his time, for Strabo in <

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