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very possibly be the same person (Marc. Empir. De Medicam. c. 8. pp. 266, 267, 274); and Lucian mentions an impudent quack named Antigonus, who among other things said, that one of his pa tients had been restored to life after having been buried for twenty days. (Luc. PJiilopseudes^ §§2], 25, 26. vol. iii. ed. Tauchn.) [W. A. G.]
ANTILEON ('AzmAeW), a Greek author who wrote a work on chronology (Hep) XpoVow), the second book of which is referred to by Diogenes Laertius. (iii. 3.) Whether he is the same per son as the Antileon mentioned by Pollux (ii. 4, 151) is uncertain. [L. S.]
ANTILOCHUS (*KvriXoxos), a son of Nestor, king of Pylos, by Anaxibia (Apollod. i. 9. § 9), or according to the Odyssey (iii. 451), by Eury- dice. Hyginus (Fab. 252) states, that as an infant he was exposed on mount Ida, and suckled by a dog. He is mentioned among the suitors of Helen. (Apollod. iii. 10. § 8.) According to the Homeric account, he accompanied his father to Troy, but Nestor being advised by an oracle to guard his son against an Ethiopian, gave him Chalion as his constant attendant. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1697.) Antilochus appears in the Ho meric poems as one of the youngest, handsomest, and bravest among the Greeks, and is beloved by Achilles. (Od. iii. 112 ; //. xxiii. 556, 607, xviii. 16.) He fell at Troy by the hands of Memnon, the Ethiopian. (Od. iv. 186, &c,, xi. 522; Find. Pytlt. vi. 3'2, &c.) Hyginus, in one passage (Fab. 112) states that he was slain by Memnon, and in another (Fab. 113) he makes Hector his conqueror. The remains of Antilochus were buried by the side of those of his friends Achilles and Patroclus (Od. xxiv. 78), and in Hades or the island of Leuce he likewise accompanied his friends. (Od. xxiv. 16; Pans. iii. 19. § 11.) Philostratus (Her. iii. 2) gives a different account of him. When Nestor went to Tro}r, his son was yet too yo.ung to ac company him; but in the course of the Avar he came to Troy and applied to Achilles to soothe the anger of his father at his unexpected arrival. Achilles was delighted with the beauty and the warlike spirit of the youth., and Nestor too was proud of his son, and took him to Agamemnon. According to Philostratus, Antilochus was not slain by the Ethiopian Memnon, but by a Trojan of that name. Achilles not only avenged his death on Memnon, but celebrated splendid funeral games, and burnt the head and armour of Memnon on the funeral pyre. (Comp. Bockh, ad Pind. p. 299.) Antilochus was painted by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi. (Paus. x. 30. § 1 ; Philostr. Icon. ii. 7.) [L. S.]
ANTILOCHUS ^Kvri\oKos\ a Greek historian, who wrote an account of the Greek philosophers from the time of Pythagoras to the death of Epicurus, whose system he himself adopted. (Clem. Alex. Strom. i. p. 133.) He seems to be the same as the Antilogus mentioned by Dionysius of Hali-carnassus. (De Comp. Verb. 4; comp. Anonym. Descript. Olymp. xlix.) Theodoret (Therap. viii. p. 908) quotes an Antilochus as his authority for placing the tomb of Cecrops on the acropolis of Athens, but as Clemens of Alexandria (Protrept. p. 13) and Arnobius (adv. Gent. vi. 6) refer for the same fact to a writer of the name of Antiochus, there may possibly be an error in Theodoret. [L. S.] • ANTIMA'CHIDES, architect. [antistates.] ANTI'MACHUS ('Az/r^axos), a Trojan, who,
when Menelaus and Odysseus came to Troy to ask for the surrender of Helen, advised his countrymen to put the ambassadors to death. (Horn. 11, xi. 122, &c.9 138, &c.) It was Antimachus who principally insisted upon Helen not being restored to the Greeks. (II. xi. 125.) He had three sons, and when two of them, Peisander and Hippolochus, fell into the hands of Menelaus, they were both put to death.
There are three other mythical personages of this name. (Hvgin. Fab. 170 ; Schol. ad Pind. IstJim. iv. 104 ; Ov. Met. xii. 460.) [L. S.]
ANTIMACHUS ('Ai/rfcaxos). 1. Of claros, a son of Hipparchus, was a Greek epic and elegiac poet. (Cic. Brut. 51 ; Ov. Trist. i. 6. 1.) He is usually called a Colophonian, probably only because Claros belonged to the dominion of Colophon. He flourished during the latter period of the Peloponnesian war. (Diod. xiii. 108.) The statement of Suidas that he was a disciple of Pan-yasis would make him belong to an earlier date, but the fact that he is mentioned in connexion with Lysander and Plato the philosopher sufficiently indicates the age to which he belonged. (Plut. Lysand. 18 ; Proclus, ad Plat. Tim.'i. p. 28.) Plutarch relates that at the Lysandria—for thus the Samians called their great festival of the Heraea. to honour Lysander—Antimachus entered upon a poetical contest with one Niceratus of Heracleia. The latter obtained the prize from Lysander himself, and Antimachus, disheartened by his failure, destroyed his own poem. Plato, then a young man, happened to be present, and consoled the unsuccessful poet by saying, that ignorance, like blindness, was a misfortune to those who labourer under it. The meeting between Antimachus anc Plato is related differently by Cicero (I. c.), whc also places it manifestly at a different time anc probably also at a different place ; for, according t( him, Antimachus once read to a numerous audienc< his voluminous poem (Thebais), and his hearer; were so wearied with it, that all gradually left th< place with the exception of Plato, whereupon th< poet said, " I shall nevertheless continue to read for one Plato is worth more than all the thousand of other hearers." Now an anecdote similar t the one related by Cicero is recorded of Antagora the Rhodian [antagoras], and this repetition c the same occurrence, together with other improba bilities, have led Welcker (Der Episclie Cydus, \ 105, &c.) to reject the two anecdotes altogether a inventions, made either to show the uninterestin character of those epics, or to insinuate that, a though they did not suit the taste of the multitude they were duly appreciated by men of learnin and intelligence.
The only other circumstance of the life of Ant machus that we know is, his love for Lyde, wh was either his mistress or his wife. He followe her to Lydia; but she appears to have died soc after, and the poet returned to Colophon an sought consolation in the composition of an eleg called Lyde, which was very celebrated in aj tiquity. (Athen. xiii. p. 598 ; Brunck, Analect. p. 219.) This elegy, which was very long, co: sisted of accounts of the misfortunes of all tl mythical heroes who, like the poet, had becon unfortunate through the early death of their b loved. (Plut. Consol. ad Apollon. p. 106, b.) thus contained vast stores of mythical and an quarian information, and it was chiefly for this a: