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ANTIGONUS, b '

ANTIGONUS.

187

Halcyoneiui.

Echecrates. Antigonus.

Demetrius II., k. of Macedonia. Died b. c. 229. Married

1. Stratonice, d. of Antio-chus Soter.

2. Phthia,d. of Alexander, the son of Pyrrhus.

I

Antigonus Doson, k. of Macedonia. Died b. c. 221. Married Phthia, the widow of Demetrius II.

i

Apama.

i

Philip V. king of Macedonia. Died b. c. 179.

Perseus, k. of Macedonia. Conquered by the Romans b. c. 168.

ANTIGONUS ('Aj/Ttyows), a Greek writer >n the history of Italy. (Fest. s. v. Romam; 3ionys. Hal. i. 6.) It has "been supposed that the \_ntigonus mentioned by Plutarch (~Romul. 17) is he same as the historian, but the saying there noted belongs to a king Antigonus, and not to the istorian. [L. S.]

ANTIGONUS ('avt^ows), son of alex-

.nder, was sent by Perseus, king of Macedonia,

s ambassador into Boeotia, in b.c. 172, and suc-

seded in inducing the towns of Coroneia, Thebes,

nd Haliartus to remain faithful to the king.

Polyb. xxvii. 5.) [L. S.]

ANTIGONUS ('Avriyovos), of alexandria,

grammarian who is referred to by Erotian in his

rooemium and his Prenira. He is perhaps the

one person as the Antigonus of whom the Scho-

ist on Nicander speaks, and identical with Anti-

>nus, the commentator of Hippocrates. (Erotian,

13.) [L. SO

ANTIGONUS ('Ai/Tfyoi/os), king of asia,

.rnamed the One-eyed (Lucian, Macrob.ll ; Plut.

Pueror, Educ. 14), was the son of Philip of

lymiotis. He was born about b. c. 382, and was

ie of the generals of Alexander the Great, and in

e division of the empire after his death (b. c.

!3), he received the provinces of the Greater

irygia, Lycia, and Pamphylia. Perdiccas, who

d been appointed regent, had formed the plan of

taming the sovereignty of the whole of Alex-

der's dominions, and therefore resolved upon the

in of Antigonus, who was likely to stand in the

ly of his ambitious projects. Perceiving the

nger which threatened him, Antigonus fled with

5 son Demetrius to Antipater in Macedonia(321);

t the death of Perdiccas in Egypt in the same

ar put an end to the apprehensions of Antigonus.

itipater was now declared regent; he restored to

itigonus his former provinces with the addition

Susiana, and gave him the commission of carry-

\ on the war against Eumenes, who would not

)init to the authority of the new regent. In

s Avar Antigonus was completely successful; he

7eated Eumenes, and compelled him to take

age with a small body of troops in Nora, an

pregnable fortress on the confines of Lycaonia and

ppadocia ; and after leaving this place closely

ested, he inarched into Pisidia, and conquered

jetas and Attains, the only generals who still

d out against Antipater (bc. 320). [alcetas.]

The death of Antipater in the following year

c. 319) was favourable to the ambitious views

of Antigonus, and almost placed within his reach the throne of Asia. Antipater had appointed Po­ly sperchon regent, to the exclusion of his own son Cassancler, who was dissatisfied with the arrange­ment of his father, and claimed the regency for himself. He was supported by Antigonus, and their confederacy was soon afterwards joined by Ptolemy. But they foimd a formidable rival in Eumenes, wTho was appointed by Polysperchon to the command of the troops in Asia. Antigonus commanded the troops of the confederates., and the struggle between him and Eumenes lasted for two years. The scene of the first campaign (b. c. 318) was Asia Minor and Syria, of the second (b. c. 317) Persia and Media. The contest was at length terminated by a battle in Gabiene at the beginning of b. c. 316, in which Eumenes was defeated. He was surrendered to Antigonus the next day through the treachery of the Argyraspids, and was put to death by the conqueror.

Antigonus was now by far the most powerful of Alexander's generals, and was by no means dis­posed to share with his allies the fruits of his vic­tory. He began to dispose of the provinces as he thought fit. He caused Pithon, a general of great influence, to be brought before his council, and condemned to death on the charge of treachery, and executed several other officers who shewed symptoms of discontent. After taking possession of the immense treasures collected at Ecbatana and Susa, he proceeded to Babylon, where he called upon Seleucus to .account for the administration of the revenues of this province. Such an account, however, Seleucus refused to give, maintaining that he had received the province as a free gift from Alexander's army; but, admonished by the recent fate of Pithon, he thought it more prudent to get out of the reach of Antigonus, and accordingly left Babylon secretly with a few horsemen, and fled to Egypt.

The ambitious projects and great power of Anti­gonus now led to a general coalition against him, consisting of Seleucus, Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus. The war began in the year 315, and was carried on with great vehemence and al­ternate success in Syria, Phoenicia, Asia Minor, and Greece. After four years, all parties became exhausted with the struggle, and peace was accord­ingly made, in b. c. 311, on condition that the Greek cities should be free, that Cassander should retain his authority in Europe till Alexander Ae-gus came of age, that Lysimachus and Ptolemy

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