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ANTIGONUS, b '
Demetrius II., k. of Macedonia. Died b. c. 229. Married
Philip V. king of Macedonia. Died b. c. 179.
Perseus, k. of Macedonia. Conquered by the Romans b. c. 168.
ANTIGONUS ('Aj/Ttyows), a Greek writer >n the history of Italy. (Fest. s. v. Romam; 3ionys. Hal. i. 6.) It has "been supposed that the \_ntigonus mentioned by Plutarch (~Romul. 17) is he same as the historian, but the saying there noted belongs to a king Antigonus, and not to the istorian. [L. S.]
.nder, was sent by Perseus, king of Macedonia,
s ambassador into Boeotia, in b.c. 172, and suc-
seded in inducing the towns of Coroneia, Thebes,
nd Haliartus to remain faithful to the king.
Polyb. xxvii. 5.) [L. S.]
ANTIGONUS ('Avriyovos), of alexandria,
grammarian who is referred to by Erotian in his
rooemium and his Prenira. He is perhaps the
one person as the Antigonus of whom the Scho-
ist on Nicander speaks, and identical with Anti-
>nus, the commentator of Hippocrates. (Erotian,
13.) [L. SO
.rnamed the One-eyed (Lucian, Macrob.ll ; Plut.
Pueror, Educ. 14), was the son of Philip of
lymiotis. He was born about b. c. 382, and was
ie of the generals of Alexander the Great, and in
e division of the empire after his death (b. c.
!3), he received the provinces of the Greater
irygia, Lycia, and Pamphylia. Perdiccas, who
d been appointed regent, had formed the plan of
taming the sovereignty of the whole of Alex-
der's dominions, and therefore resolved upon the
in of Antigonus, who was likely to stand in the
ly of his ambitious projects. Perceiving the
nger which threatened him, Antigonus fled with
t the death of Perdiccas in Egypt in the same
ar put an end to the apprehensions of Antigonus.
itipater was now declared regent; he restored to
itigonus his former provinces with the addition
Susiana, and gave him the commission of carry-
\ on the war against Eumenes, who would not
)init to the authority of the new regent. In
s Avar Antigonus was completely successful; he
7eated Eumenes, and compelled him to take
age with a small body of troops in Nora, an
pregnable fortress on the confines of Lycaonia and
ppadocia ; and after leaving this place closely
ested, he inarched into Pisidia, and conquered
jetas and Attains, the only generals who still
The death of Antipater in the following year
c. 319) was favourable to the ambitious views
of Antigonus, and almost placed within his reach the throne of Asia. Antipater had appointed Poly sperchon regent, to the exclusion of his own son Cassancler, who was dissatisfied with the arrangement of his father, and claimed the regency for himself. He was supported by Antigonus, and their confederacy was soon afterwards joined by Ptolemy. But they foimd a formidable rival in Eumenes, wTho was appointed by Polysperchon to the command of the troops in Asia. Antigonus commanded the troops of the confederates., and the struggle between him and Eumenes lasted for two years. The scene of the first campaign (b. c. 318) was Asia Minor and Syria, of the second (b. c. 317) Persia and Media. The contest was at length terminated by a battle in Gabiene at the beginning of b. c. 316, in which Eumenes was defeated. He was surrendered to Antigonus the next day through the treachery of the Argyraspids, and was put to death by the conqueror.
Antigonus was now by far the most powerful of Alexander's generals, and was by no means disposed to share with his allies the fruits of his victory. He began to dispose of the provinces as he thought fit. He caused Pithon, a general of great influence, to be brought before his council, and condemned to death on the charge of treachery, and executed several other officers who shewed symptoms of discontent. After taking possession of the immense treasures collected at Ecbatana and Susa, he proceeded to Babylon, where he called upon Seleucus to .account for the administration of the revenues of this province. Such an account, however, Seleucus refused to give, maintaining that he had received the province as a free gift from Alexander's army; but, admonished by the recent fate of Pithon, he thought it more prudent to get out of the reach of Antigonus, and accordingly left Babylon secretly with a few horsemen, and fled to Egypt.
The ambitious projects and great power of Antigonus now led to a general coalition against him, consisting of Seleucus, Ptolemy, Cassander, and Lysimachus. The war began in the year 315, and was carried on with great vehemence and alternate success in Syria, Phoenicia, Asia Minor, and Greece. After four years, all parties became exhausted with the struggle, and peace was accordingly made, in b. c. 311, on condition that the Greek cities should be free, that Cassander should retain his authority in Europe till Alexander Ae-gus came of age, that Lysimachus and Ptolemy