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2. Q. valerius antias, the Roman historian, was either a descendant of the preceding, or derived the surname of Antias from his being a native of Antium, as Pliny states. (//. N~. Praef.) He was a contemporary of Quadrigarius, Sisenna, and Rutilius (Veil. Pat. ii. 9), and lived in the former half of the first century before Christ. Krause, without mentioning his authority, states that Antias was praetor in a. u. c. 676. (b. c. 68.) He wrote the history of Rome from the earliest period, relating the stories of Amulius, Rhea Silvia and the like, down to the time of Sulla. The latter period must have been treated at much greater length than the earlier, since he spoke of the quaestorship of Ti. Gracchus (b. c. 137) as early as in the twelfth book (or according to some readings in the twenty-second), and the work extended to seventy-five books at least. (Gell. vii. 9.)
Valerius Antias is frequently referred to by Livy, who speaks of him as the most lying of all the annalists, and seldom mentions his name without terms of reproach. (Comp. iii. 5, xxvi. 49, xxxvi. 38.) Gellius (vi. 8, vii. 19) too mentions cases in which the statements of Antias are opposed to those of all other writers, and there can be little doubt that Livy's judgment is correct. Antias was in no difficulty about any of the particulars of the early history: he fabricated the most circumstantial narratives, and was particularly distinguished by his exaggerations in numbers. Plutarch seems to have drawn much of his early history from him, and Livy too appears to have derived many of his statements from the same source, though he was aware of the untrustworthiness of riis authority. It is rather curious that Cicero lever refers to Valerius Aiitias. (Comp. Niebuhr, Hist, of Rome, i. pp. 237, 501, 525, &c., ii. p. 9, i. 570, iii. pp. 124, 358 ; Krause, Vitae et Fragm. -ct. Historic. Latin, p. 266, &c.)
ANTICLEIA ('AvriKXeia), a daughter of Au-
Horn. Od. xi. 85.) According to Homer she died
if grief at the long absence of her son, who met her
.nd spoke with her in Hades. (Od. xv. 356, &c.?
:i. 202, &c.) According to other traditions, she
>ut an end to her own life after she had heard a
eport of the death of her son. (Hygin. Fab. 243.)
lyginus (Fab. 201) also states, that previous to
er marrying Laertes, she lived on intimate terms
fith Sisyphus ; whence Euripides (tyhig. Aul. 524)
3hil. 417; Ov. Met. xiii. 32 ; Serv. ad Aen. vi.
29.) It is uncertain whether this Anticleia is the
nne as the one whose son Periphetes was killed
1; Pans. ii. 1. § 4 ; Hygin. Fab. 38.) Another
lythical personage of this name, who married
lachaon, the son of Asclepius, is mentioned by
aus. iv. 30. § 2. [L. S.J
ANTICLEIDES f Ayi-wcA^s), of Athens
^then. xi. p. 446, c.), lived after the time of
lexander the Great (Plut. Alex. 46), and is fre-
lently referred to by later writers. He wrote, 1.
6/n NotrrcoJ', containing an account of the return
the Greeks from their ancient expeditions.
Uhen. iv. p. 157, f., ix. p. 384, d., xi. p. 466, c.)
nticleides' statement about the Pelasgians, which
:rabo (v. p. 221) quotes, is probably taken from
e work on the No<rrof. 2. A^Aicc/co, an account
Delos. (Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. i. 1207, 1289.)
3. 'EtyyijTiKbs, appears to have been a sort of Dictionary, in which perhaps an explanation of those words and phrases was given which occurred in the ancient stories. (Athen. xi. p. 473, b. c.) 4. Ilepl 'AAe|ai/5p0u/ of which the second book is quoted by Diogenes Laertius. (viii. 11; comp. Plut. Alex. L c.) Whether these works were all written by Anticleides of Athens., cannot be decided with certainty.
ANTICRATES ('AvTiKpdrys), a Spartan who, according to Dioscourides (op. Plut, Ayes. 35), killed Epaminondas at the battle of Mantineia. The descendants of Anticrates are said to have been called Maxcupta^es by the Lacedaemonians, on account of his having struck Epaminondas with (Pint. /. c.), but Pausanias (viii. 11.
ANTIDORUS ('Aj/r&wpos), of Lemnos, deserted to the Greeks in the battle of Artemisium, and was rewarded by the Athenians by a piece of ground in Salamis. (Herod, viii. 11.)
ANTIDOTUS (9Am'5oTos), an Athenian comic poet, of whom we know nothing, except that he was of the middle comedy, which is evident from the fact that a certain play, the 'Ojtio/a, is ascribed both to him and to Alexis. (Athen. xiv. p. 642.) We have the titles of two other plays of his, and it is thought that his name ought to be restored in Athenaeus (i. p. 28, e.) and Pollux (vi. 99). (See Meineke, i. p. 416.) [P. S.]
ANTIDOTUS, an encaustic painter, the dis ciple of Euphranor, and teacher of Nicias the Athe nian. His works were few, but carefully executed, and his colouring was somewhat harsh (severior). He flourished about B. c. 336. (Plin. xxxv. 40. §§ 27, 28.) [P. S.]
ANTIGENES ('Ai/r^e^s). 1. A general of Alexander the Great, also served under Philip, and lost an eye at the siege of Perm thus. (b. c. 340.) After the death of Alexander he obtained the satrapy of Susiana. He was one of the commanders of the Argyraspids (Diet, of Ant. s. v.) and espoused with his troops the side of Eumenes, On the defeat of the latter in B. c. 31 6, Antigenes fell into the hands of his enemy Antigonus, and was burnt alive by him. (Plut. Alex. 70 ; Arrian, ap. Phot. p. 71, b. Bekk.; Diod. xviii. 62, xix. 12, &c., 44; Plut. Eum. 13.)
ANTIGENES. (' Arrows), the name of at least three Greek physicians.
1. An inhabitant of Chios, mentioned in one of the spurious letters of Euripides (Eurip. Epist. 2. vol. ii. p. 500, ed. Beck), who (if he ever really existed) must have lived in the fifth century b. c.
2. One of the followers of Cleophantus, who must have lived about the middle of the third century b. c., as Mnemon, one of his fellow-pupils, is known to have lived in the reign of Ptolemy Euergetes, b. c. 247 — -222. [cleophantus ; mnemon.] One of his works is quoted by Caelius