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On this page: Andromachus – Andron – Andronicianus – Andronicus

ANDROMEDA.

6. An ambassador of Ptolemy Philometor, sent 0 Rome b. c. 154. (Polyb. xxxiii. 5.)

7. A Greek grammarian, quoted in the Scholia pon Homer (//. v. 130), whom Corsini (Fast. Att.

Diss. vi. p. 386), without sufficient reasons, upposed to be the author of the Etymologicum flagnmn. (Fabric. Bibl. Grace, vi. p. 601.)

8. A Greek rhetorician, who taught at Nicome-eia in the reign of Domitian. (Eudoc. p. 58;

•uid. .<?. v. SipiKos.)

ANDROMACHUS fAvBprfjuaxos). 1. Com-lonly called " the Elder," to distinguish him from is son of the same name, was born in Crete, and was hysician to Nero, A. d. 54—68. He -is principally jlebrated for having been the first person on whom le title of "Archiater" is known to have been mferred (Diet, of Ant. s. v. ArchiaterJ, and also >r having been the inventor of a very famous )mpound medicine and antidote, which was called ?ter his name " Theriaca Andromachi,'1 which >ng enjoyed a great reputation, and which retains s place in some foreign Pharmacopoeias to the L'esent day. (Diet, of Ant. s. v. Theriaca.} An-romachus has left us the directions for making lis strange mixture in a Greek elegiac poem, con-sting of one hundred and seventy-four lines, and sdicated to Nero. Galen has inserted it entire . two of his works (DeAntid.i. 6, and De Ther. I Pis. c. 6. vol. xiv. pp. 32—42), and says, iat Andromachus chose this form for his re-ipt as being more easily remembered than

•ose, and less likely to be altered. The poem is been published in a separate form bjr Franc, idicaeus, Tiguri, 1607, 4to., with two Latin anslations, one in prose and the other in verse; id again by J. S. Leinker, Norhnb. 1754, fol. is also inserted in the first volume of Ideler's kysiei et Medici Graeci Minores, Berol. 8vo. 1841. lere is a German translation in E. W. Weber's legische DicJiter der Hellenen, Frankfort, 1826, '0. Some persons suppose him to be the author a work on pharmacy, but this 'is generally attri-.ted to his son, Andromachus the Younger. 2. The Younger, so called to distinguish him from 3 father of the same name, was the son of the pre-ling, and is supposed to have been also physician Nero, a. d. 54—68. Nothing is known of the ents of his life, but he is generally supposed to ve been the author of a work on pharmacy in ree books (Galen, De Compos. Medicam. sec. '.n. ii. 1. vol. xiii. p. 463), which is quoted very quently and with approbation by Galen, but of lich only a few fragments remain. [W. A. G.] ANDRO'MEDA ('Az/fyo^Sry), a daughter of 3 Aethiopian king Cepheus and Cassiopeia. Her ither boasted of her beauty, and said that she 'passed the Nereids. The latter prevailed on seidon to visit the country by an inundation, 1 a sea-monster was sent into the land. The .cle of Ammon promised that the people should delivered from these calamities, if Andromeda s given up to the monster; and Cepheus, being ' iged to yield to the wishes of his people, chain-Andromeda to a rock. Here she was found 1 saved by Perseus, who slew the monster and ained her as his wife. (Apollod. ii. 4. § 3 ; •gin. Fab. 64 ; Ov. Met. iv. 663, &c.) Andro-da had previously been promised to Phineus yginus calls him Agenor), and this gave rise to famous fight of Phineus and Perseus at the dding, in which the former and all his associates

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ANDRONICUS.

were slain. (Ov. Met. v. 1, &c.) [perseus.] Andromeda thus became the wife of Perseus, and bore him many children. (Apollod. ii. 4. § 5.) Athena placed her among the stars, in the form of a maiden with her arms stretched out and chained to a rock, to commemorate her delivery by Perseus. (Hygin. Poet. Astr. ii. 10, &c.; Eratosth. Catast. 17; Arat Phaen. 198.) Conon (Narrat. 40) gives a wretched attempt at an historical interpre­ tation of this mythus. The scene where Andro­ meda was fastened to the. rock is placed by some of the ancients in the neighbourhood of lope in Phoenicia, while others assign to it a place of the same name in Aethiopia. The tragic poets often made the story of Andromeda the subject of dramas, which are now lost. The moment in which she is relieved from the rock by Perseus is represented in an anaglyph still extant. (Les plus beaux Monumens do Rome, No. 63.) [L. S.]

ANDRON (vAj/5pcui/). 1. Of Alexandria, whose work entitled Xpomicd is referred to by Athenaeus. (iv. p. 184, b.)

2. Of Ephesus, who wrote a work on the Seven Sages of Greece, which seems to have been entitled Tp/Trous. (Diog. Laert. i. 30, 119; Schol. ad Pind. Isili. ii. 17 ; Clem. Alex. Strom. i. p. 332, b.; Sxiid. and Phot. 5. v. ^ajjiitav 6 Sfj/nos ; Euseb. Praep. Ev. x. 3.)

3. Of Halicarnassus, a Greek historian, who is mentioned by Plutarch (Tltes.c. 25) in con junction with Hellanicus. (Comp. Tzetzes, ad Lycophr. 894, 1283 ; Schol. ad AescJi. Pers. 183.)

4. Of Teos, the author of a ITepiVAous (Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. ii. 354), who is probably the same person as the one referred to by Strabo (ix. pp. 392, 456, 475), Stephanus of Byzantium, and others. He may also have been the same as the author of the Ilepl 'Zvyyeveiwv. (Harpocrat. s. v. $>op€avT€'tov • Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. ii. 946.) Comp. Vossius, De Histor. Graec. p. 285, ed. Westermann.

ANDRON CAvfyooy), a sculptor, whose age and country are unknown, made a statue of Har-monia, the daughter of Mars and Venus. (Tatian, Orat. in Graec. 55, p. 119, Worth.) [P. S.]

ANDRON ("At'8p£oi>), a Greek physician, who is supposed by Tiraquellus (De Nobilitate, c. 31), and after him by Fabricius (Bibl. Gr. vol. xiii. p. 58, ed. vet.), to be the same person as Andreas of Carystus [andreas] ; this, however, is a mis­ take which has arisen from their reading Andron in Pliny (//. N. xx. 76) instead of Andreas. He is mentioned by Athenaeus (xv. p. 680, e.), and several of his medical prescriptions are preserved by Celsus, Galen, Caelius Aurelianus, Oribasius, Ae'tius, Paulus Aegineta, and other ancient writers. None of his works are in existence, nor is any­ thing known of the events of his life; and with respect to his date, it can only be said with cer­ tainty that, as Celsus is the earliest author who mentions him (De Med. v. 20, vi. 14, 18, pp. 92, 132, 133, 134), he must have lived some time be­ fore the beginning of the Christian era. (Le Clerc, Hist, de la Med.; C. G. Kiihn, Index Medicorum Oculariorum inter Graecos Romanesque, Fascic. i. p. 4, Lips., 4to., 1829.) [W. A. G.]

ANDRONICIANUS (A.v8ponK^6s)9 wrote two books against the Eunomiani. (Phot. Cod. 45.)

ANDRONICUS ('Az/SpoWos), ambassador of attalus, sent to Rome in e. c. 156, to inform the senate that Prusias had attacked the territories of

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