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On this page: Androcydes – Androetas – Androgeus – Andromache – Andromachus



droclus found that a large thorn had pierced it, which he drew out, and the lion was soon able to use his paw again. They lived together for some time in the cave, the lion catering for his benefac­tor. But at last, tired of this savage life, Androclus left the cave, was apprehended by some soldiers, brought to Rome, and condemned to the wild beasts. He was pardoned, and presented with the lion, which he used to lead about the city. [C. P. M.]

ANDROCYDES ('Ai/fyo/crffys), of Cyzicus, a Greek painter, a contemporary and rival of Zeuxis, flourished from 400 to 377 b. c. (Plin. xxxv. 36. § 3.) He painted, partly on the spot and partly in Thebes, a skirmish of horse which took place near Plataeae shortly before the battle of Leuctra (Plut. Pelop. 25), and a picture of Scylla sur­ rounded by fishes. The latter picture was much praised for the beauty of the fishes, on which the artist was supposed to have bestowed the more pains, on account of his being fond of fish. (Plut. Quaest. Conv. iv. 4. § 2; Polemo, ap. Athen. viii. p. 341, a.) [P. S.]

ANDROCYDES ('Ai/fyo/cu'^), a Greek phy­sician, who lived in the reign of Alexander the Great, b. c. 336—323. There is a story told of him by Pliny (H. N. xiv. 7), that he wrote a let­ter to that prince cautioning him against the im­moderate use of wine, which he called "the blood of the earth." It is mentioned also by the same author (xvii. 37. § 10), that he ordered his pa­tients to eat a radish as a preservative against intoxication, from having observed (it is said) that the vine always turned away from a radish if growing near it. It is very possible that this An-drocydes may be the same person who is mentioned by Theophrastus (Hist. Plant, iv. 16 [al. 20] 20), and also by Athenaeus. (vi, p. 258, b.) [W. A. G.]

ANDROETAS ('Ajfyofras), of Tenedos, the author of a IlepiVAous rrjs Upoirovr'&os. (Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod, ii. 159.)

ANDROGEUS ('A^cfyeaw), a son of Minos and Pasiphae, or Crete, who is said to have con­quered all his opponents in the games of the Panathenaea at Athens. This extraordinary good luck, however, became the cause of his destruction, though the mode of his death is related differently. According to some accounts Aegeus sent the man he dreaded to fight against the Marathonian bull, who killed him; according to others, he was assas­sinated by his defeated rivals on his road to Thebes, whither he was going to take part in a solemn contest. (Apollod. iii. 1. § 2, 15. § 7 ; Paus. i. 27. § 9.) According to Diodorus (iv. 60) it was Aegeus himself who had him murdered near Oenoe, on the road to Thebes, because he feared lest An-drogeus should support the sons of Pallas against him. Hyginus (Fab. 41) makes him fall in a battle during the war of his father Minos against the Athenians. (See some different accounts in Plut. Thes. 15; Serv. ad Aen. vi. 14.) But the common tradition is, that Minos made war on the Athenians in consequence of the death of his son. Propertius (ii. 1. 64) relates that Androgeus was restored to life by Aesculapius. He was worship­ped in Attica as a hero, an altar was erected to him in the port of Phalerus (Paus. i. 1. § 4), and games, dj/S/^ecowa, were celebrated in his honour every year in the Cerameicus. (Divt. of Ant. s. v. 'AvSpoyewvia.) He was also worshipped under the name Evpvydris, i. e. he who ploughs or pos­sesses extensive fields, whence it has been inferred


that originally Androgeus was worshipped as the introducer of agriculture into Attica. [L. S.]

ANDROMACHE ('Ai/Spo^X7?), a daughter of Eetion, king of the Cilician Thebae, and one of the noblest and most amiable female characters in the Iliad. Her father and her seven brothers were slain by Achilles at the taking of Thebae, and hei mother, who had purchased her freedom by a largt ransom, was killed by Artemis. She was marriec to Hector, by whom she had a son, Scamandriui (Astyanax), and for whom she entertained the mos tender love. (Apollod. iii. 11. § 6.) See th< beautiful passage in Homer, II. vi. 390—502 where she takes leave of Hector when he is goinj to battle, and her lamentations about his fall, xxii 460, &c.; xxiv. 725, &c. On the taking of Tro; her son was hurled from the wall of the city, am she herself fell to the share of Neoptolemu (Pyrrhus), the son of Achilles, who took her t Epeirus, and to whom she bore three sons, Molos sus, Pielus, and Pergamus. Here she was foun by Aeneas on his landing in Epeirus, at the me ment she was offering up a sacrifice at the tomb ( her beloved Hector. (Virg. Aen. iii. 295, &c. comp. Paus. i. 11. § 1; Pind. Nem. iv. 82, vii. 50, After the death of Neoptolemus, or according 1 others, after his marriage with Hermione, tb daughter of Menelaus and Helen, Andromacl] became the wife of Helenus, a brother of her fir,1 husband, Hector, who is described as a king < Chaonia, a part of Epeirus, and by whom she bi came the mother of Cestrinus. (Virg. 1. c.; Pau I. c., ii. 23. § 6.) After the death of Helenu who left his kingdom to Molossus, Andromacl followed her son Pergamus to Asia. She was su] posed to have died at Pergamus, where in afti times a heroum was erected to her memory. (Pan i. 11. § 2 ; comp. Dictys Cret. vi. 7, &c.; Euri Andromache.} Andromache and her son Scamai drius were painted in the Lesche at Delphi I Polygnotus. (Paus. x. 25, in fin.) [L. S.]

ANDROMACHUS CAvopo^axos). 1. Cor mander of the Eleans in b. c. 364, was defeated 1: the Arcadians and killed himself in consequenc (Xen. Hell vii. 4. § 19.)

2. Ruler of Tauromenium in the middle of tl fourth century b. c., and the father of the histori; Timaeus, is said to have been by far the best the rulers of Sicily at that time. He assist1 Timoleon in his expedition against Dionysius, b. 344. (Diod. xvi. 7, 68 ; Plut. Timol. 10.) R specting the statement of Diodorus that he foundi Tauromenium, see Wesseling, ad Diod. xiv. 59.

3. The commander of the Cyprian fleet at t siege of Tyre by Alexander, b. c. 332. (Arrian, Ana ii. 20.) He may have been the same Andromach who was shortly afterwards appointed governor Coele-Syria, and was burnt to death by the S maritans. (Curt. iv. 5, 8.)

4. The father of Achaeus [see p. 8, a], and t brother of Laodice, who married Seleucus Calli: cus, was detained as a prisoner by Ptolemy Alexandria, but was liberated about b. c. 320 the intercession of the Rhodians. (Polyb. iv. i viii. 22.)

5. Of Aspendus, one of Ptolemy Philopato commanders at the battle of Raphia, in wlr Antiochus the Great was defeated, b. c. 2. After the battle Ptolemy left Andromachus command of Coele-Syria and Phoenicia. (Pol1 v. 64, 83, 85, 87.)

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