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On this page: Andraemon – Andraemonides – Andragathus – Andranodorus – Andreas

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ANDRAGATHUS.

Taylor ascribed it to Phaeax, while others think'it more probable that it' is the work of some of the later rhetoricians, with whom the accusation or de­ fence of Alcibiades was a standing theme. Besides these four orations we possess only a few fragments and some very vague allusions to other orations. (Sluiter, Led. And. p. 239, &c.) As an orator Andocides does not appear to have been held in very high esteem by the ancients, as he is seldom mentioned, though Valerius Theon is said to have written a commentary on his orations. (Suidas, s. v. ®ewz/.) We do not hear of his having been trained in any of the sophistical schools of the time, and he had probably developed his talents in the practical school of the popular assembly. Hence his orations have no mannerism in them, and are really, as Plutarch says, simple and free from all rhetorical pomp and ornament. (Comp. Dionys. Hal. de Lys. 2, de Thucyd. Jud. 51.) Sometimes, however, his style is diffuse, and becomes tedious and obscure. The best among the orations is that on the Mysteries ; but, for the history of the time, all are of the highest importance. The orations are printed in the collections of the Greek orators by Aldus, H. Stephens, Reiske, Bekker, and others. The best separate editions are those of C. Schiller, Leipzig, 1835, 8vo., and of Baiter and Sauppe, Ziirich, 1838. The most important works on the life and orations of Andocides are : J. 0. Sluiter, Lectiones Andocideae, Leyden, 1804, pp. 1-99, reprinted at Leipzig, 1834, with notes by C. Schiller; a treatise of A. G. Becker prefixed to his German translation of Andocides, Quedlinburg, 1832, 8vo.; Ruhnken, Hist. Grit. Orai. Grace, pp. 47-57 ; Westermann, Gescli. der Griech. Beredt- samkeit, §§ 42 and 43. [L. S.]

ANDRAEMON ('Az%at'(ucoi/). 1. The hus­band of Gorge, the daughter of the Calydonian king Oeneus, and father of Thoas. When Dio-medes delivered Oeneus, who had been imprisoned by the sons of Agrius, he gave the kingdom to Andraemon, since Oeneus was already too old. (Apollod. i. 8. §§ 1 and 6; Horn. II. ii. 638; Pans, v. 3. § 5.) Antoninus Liberalis (37) represents Oeneus as resuming the government after his liberation. The tomb of Andraemon, together with that of his wife Gorge, was seen at Amphissa in the time of Pausanias. (x. 38. § 3.) Apollo-dorus (ii. 8. § 3) calls Oxylus a son of Andraemon, which might seem to allude to a different Andrae­mon from the one we are here speaking of ; but there is evidently some mistake here; for Pausa­nias (/. c.) and Strabo (x. p. 463, &c.) speak of Oxylus as the son of Haemon, who was a son of Thoas, so that the Oxylus in Apollodorus must be a great-grandson of Andraemon. Hence Heyne proposes to read A'luoi'os instead of 'Av$pat/u,ovos.

2. A son of the Oxylus mentioned above, and husband of Dryope, who was mother of Amphissus by Apollo. (Ov. Met. ix. 363; Anton. Lib. 32.) There are two other mythical personages of this name, the one a son of Codrus (Paus. vii. 3. § 2), and the other a Pylian, and founder of Colophon. (Strab, xiv. p. 633.) [L. S.J

ANDRAEMONIDES ('AvtipaifJLovtiris), a pa­tronymic from Andraemon, frequently given to his son Thoas. (Horn. II. ii. 638, vii. 168, &c.) [L. S.]

ANDRAGATHUS (AvopdyaOos) was left by .Demetrius in command of Amphipolis, b. c. 287, but treacherously surrendered it to Lysimachus. (Polyaen. iv. 12. § 2.)

ANDREAS.

ANDRANODORUS, the son-in-law of Hiero, Avas appointed guardian of Hieronymus, the grand­son of Hiero, after the death of the latter. He advised Hieronymus to break off the alliance with the Romans, and connect himself with Hannibal. After the assassination of Hieronymus, Andrano-doras seized upon the island and the citadel with the intention of usurping the royal power ; but finding difficulties in the way, he judged it more prudent to surrender them to the Syracusans, and was elected in consequence one of their generals. But the suspicions of the people becoming excited against him, he was killed shortly afterwards, b. c. 214. (Liv. xxiv. 4—7, 21—25.)

ANDREAS ('Ai/fyeas), of uncertain date, wrote a work on the cities of Sicily, of which the thirty-third book is referred to by Athenaeus. (xiv. p. 634, a.)

ANDREAS ('Ai/Spcas), of Argos, a sculptor, whose time is not known. He made a statue of Lysippus, the Elean, victor in the boys'-wrestling. (Paus. vi. 16. § 5.) [P. S.]

ANDREAS ('Areas'), the name of several Greek physicians, whom it is difficult to distinguish from each other. The Andreas Comes, quoted several times by Aetius (which title means Comes Archiatrorum), was certainly the latest of all, and probably lived shortly before Aetius himself (that is, in the fourth or fifth century after Christ), as the title was only introduced under the Roman emperors. (Diet, of Ant. s. v. Archiater.) If, for want of any positive data, all the other pas­sages where the name Andreas occurs be supposed to refer to the same person (which may possibly be the case), he was a native of Carystus in Eu-boea (Cassius latros. Problem. Phys. § 58), the son of Chrysar or Chrysaor (6 tov Xpvcrapos or Xpucraopos), if the name be not corrupt (Galen, Explicat. Vocum Hippocr. s. v. 'I^Si/coV, vol. xix, p. 105), and one of the followers of Herophilus, (Gels. De Medic, v. Praef. p. 81 ; Soran. Dt Arte Obstetr. c. 48. p. 101.) He was physiciar to Ptolemy Philopator, king of Egypt, and wa; killed while in attendance on that prince, shortly before the battle of Raphia (b. c. 217), by Theo-dotus the Aetolian, who had secretly entered th( tent with the intent to murder the king. (Polyb v. 81.) He wrote several medical works, of whicl nothing remains but the titles, and a few extract preserved by different ancient authors. He wa probably the first person who wrote a treatise 01 hydrophobia, which he called KvvoXvcrcros. (Cae lius Aurel. De Morb. Acut. iii. 9, p. 218.) I one of his works ttepl ttjs 'larptKfjs YeveaAoyia On Medical Genealogy, he is said by Soranus, i his life of Hippocrates (Hippocr. Opera, vol. iii. j 851), to have given a false and scandalous accour of that great physician, saying that he had bee obliged to leave his native country on account < his having set fire to the library at Cnidos ; story which, though universally considered to t totally unfounded, was repeated with some vari tions by Varro (in Pliny, H. N. xxix. 2) ar John Tzetzes (Chil. vii. Hist. 155, in Fabriciu Biblioth. Graeca, vol. xii. p. 681, ed. vet.), and w, much embellished in the middle ages. (See Hi of the Seven Wise Masters, in Ellis's Specimens Early English Metrical Romances, vol. iii. p. 4i Eratosthenes is said to have accused Andreas plagiarism, and to have called him BiShiai'yi.crBi the Aegisthusy(wc Adulterer} of Books. (Etym*

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