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AM YNTAS.

fessed to have entrusted to them as a deposit, and as they refused to restore it, he applied to Sparta for aid. (Diod. xv. 19.) A similar application was also made, b. c. 382, by the towns of Acanthus and Apollonia, which had "been threatened by Olynthus for declining to join her confederacy. (Xen. Hell. v. 2. § 11, &c.) With the consent of the allies of Sparta, the required succour was given, under the command successively of Euda-midas (with whom his brother Phoebidas was associated), Teleutias, Agesipolis, and Polybiades, by the last of whom Olynthus was reduced, B. c. 379. (Diod. xv. 19—23 ; Xen. Hell. v. 2, 3.) Throughout the war, the Spartans were vigorously seconded by Amyntas, and by Derdas, his kins­man, prince of Elymia. Besides this alliance with Sparta, which he appears to have preserved with­out interruption to his death, Amyntas united himself also with Jason of Pherae (Diod. xv. 60), and carefully cultivated the friendship of Athens, with which state he would have a bond of union in their common jealousy of Olynthus and pro­bably also of Thebes. Of his friendship towards the Athenians he gave proof, 1st, by advocating their claim to the possession of Amphipolis (Aesch. Ilepl UapaTTp. p. 32); and, 2nd!}', by adopting Iphicrates as his son. {Id. p. 32.)

It appears to have been in the reign of Amyntas, as is perhaps implied by Strabo (Exc. vii. p. 330), that the seat of the Macedonian government was removed from Aegae or Edessa to Pella, though the former still continued to be the burying-place of the kings.

Justin (vii. 4) relates, that a plot was laid for .his assassination by his wife Eurydice, who wished to place her son-in-law and paramour, Ptolemy of Alorus, on the throne, but that the design was discovered to Amyntas by her daughter. Diodorus (xv. 71) calls Ptolemy of Alorus the son of Amyn­tas ; but see Wesseling's note ad loc., and Thirl-wall, Gr. Hist. vol. v. p. 162. Amyntas died in an advanced age, b.c. 370, leaving three legitimate sons, Alexander, Perdiccas, and the famous Philip. (Just. I.e.; Diod. xv. 60.)

COIN OF AMYNTAS II.

3. Grandson of Amyntas II., was left an infant n nominal possession of the throne of Macedonia, vhen his father Perdiccas III. fell in battle against he Illyrians, b. c. 360. (Diod. xvi. 2.) He was luietly excluded from the kingly power by his mcle Philip, b. c. 359, who had at first acted nerely as regent (Just. vii. 5), and who felt him-

•elf so safe in his usurpation, that he brought up Vmyntas at his court, and gave him one of his laughters in marriage In the first year of the

•cign of Alexander the Great, b.c. 336, Amyntas vas executed for a plot against the king's life. Thiiiw. Gr. Hist. vol. v. pp. 165, 166, 177, vol.

•i. p. 99, and the authorities to which he refers ; ust. xii. 6, and Freinsheim, ad Curt., vi. 9, 17.)

AMYNTAS.

4. A Macedonian officer in Alexander's army, son of Andromenes. (Diod. xvii. 45; Curt. v. 1. § 40; Arrian, iii. p. 72, f., ed. Steph.) After the battle of the Granicus, b.c. 334, when the garrison of Sardis was quietly surrendered to Alexander, Amyntas was the officer sent forward to receive it from the commander, Mithrenes. (Arr. i. p. 17, c.; Freinsh. Sup. in Curt. ii. 6. § 12.) Two years after, 332, we again hear of him as being sent into Ma­cedonia to collect levies, while Alexander after the, siege of Gaza advanced to Egypt; and he returned with them in the ensuing year, when the king was in possession of Susa. (Arr. iii. p. 64, c.; Curt. iv. 6. § 30, v. 1. § 40, vii. 1. § 38.)

After the execution of Philotas on a charge of treason, b. c. 330, Amyntas and two other sons of Andromenes (Attains and Simmias) were arrested on suspicion of having been engaged in the plot. The suspicion was strengthened by their known intimacy with Philotas, and by the fact that their brother Polemo had fled from the camp when the latter was apprehended (Arr. iii. pp. 72, f., 73, a.), or according to Curtius (vii. 1. § 10), when he was given up to the torture. Amyntas defended himself and his brothers ably (Curt. vii. 1. § 18, &c,), and their innocence being further established by Polemo's re-appearance (Curt. vii. 2. § 1, &c.; Arr. iii. p. 73, a.), they were acquitted. Some little time after, Amyntas was killed by an arrow at the siege of a village. (Arr. iii. /. c.) It is doubtful whether the son of Andromenes is the Amyntas mentioned by Curtius (iii. 9. § 7) as commander of a portion of the Macedonian troops at the battle of Issus, b. c. 333; or again, the person spoken of as lead­ing a brigade at the forcing of the " Persian Gates," b. c. 331. (Curt. v. 4. §20.) But "Amyntas" appears to have been a common name among the Macedonians. (See Curt. iv. 13. § 28, v. 2. § 5, viii. 2. § 14, 16, vi. 7. § 15, vi. 9. § 28.)

5. The Macedonian fugitive and traitor, son of Antiochus. Arrian (p. 17, f.) ascribes his flight from Macedonia to his hatred and fear of Alexander the Great; the ground of these feel­ings is not stated, but Mitford (ch. 44. sect. 1) connects him with the plot of Pausanias and the murder of Philip. He took refuge in Ephesus under Persian protection; whence, however, after the battle of the Granicus, fearing the approach of Alexander, he escaped with the Greek mercenaries who garrisoned the place, and fled to the court of Dareius. (Arr. I. c.) In the winter of the same year, b. c. 333, while Alexander was at Phaselis in Lycia, discovery was made of a plot against his life, in which Amyntas was implicated. He ap­pears to have acted as the channel through whom Dareius had been negotiating with Alexander the Lyncestian, and had promised to aid him in mount­ing the throne of Macedonia on condition of his assassinating his master. The design was disco­vered through the confession of Asisines, a Persian, whom Dareius had despatched on a secret mission to the Lyncestian, and who was apprehended by Parmenio in Phrygia. (Arr. i. pp. 24, e., 25, b.)

At the battle of Issus we hear again of Amyntas as a commander of Greek mercenaries in the Per­sian service (Curt. iii. 11. § 18 ; comp. Arr. ii. p. 40, b.); and Plutarch and Arrian mention his ad­vice vainly given to Darius shortly before, to await Alexander's approach in the large open plains to the westward of Cilicia. (Plut. Ahx. p. 675, b., Arr. ii. pp. 33, e., 34, a.)

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