The Ancient Library

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On this page: Amphitryoniades – Amphoterus – Ampycides – Ampycus – Ampyx – Amulius – Amycl – Amyclaeus – Amyclas – Amyclus – Amycus


ment for the murder of Clymenus. (Apollod. ii. 4. § 8, &c.) His tomb was shewn at Thebes in the time of Pausanias. (i. 41. § 1 ; compare Horn. Od. xi. 266, &c.; Hes. Scut. Here. init.; Diod. iv. 9, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 29, 244; Mailer, Orchom. p. 207, &c.) Aeschylus and Sophocles wrote each a tragedy of the name of Amphitryon, which are now lost. We still possess a comedy of Plautus, the " Amphitruo," the subject of which is a ludi­crous representation of the visit of Zeus to Alcmene in the disguise of her lover Amphitryon. [L. S.]

AMPHITRYONIADES or. AMPHITRYO'- NIDES (&.fj.fyiTpvu>VL<x$r}s), a patronymic from Amphitryon, by which Heracles is sometimes designated, because his mother was married to Amphitryon. (Ov. Met. ix. 140, xv. 49 ; Pind. Ol iii. 26, Isth. vi. 56.) [L. S.]

A\VIPHIUS (rfA/*/>ios), a son of Merops and brother ofAdrastus. These two brothers took part in the Trojan war against their father's ad­ vice, and were slain by Diomedes. (Horn. II. ii. 828, &c., xi. 328, &c.) {Another hero of this name, who was an ally of the Trojans, occurs in II. v. 612. [L. S.]

AMPHOTERUS ('A^oVepos), a son of Alc- maeon by Calirrhoe, and brother of Acarnan. [acahnan.] A Trojan of this name occurs Horn. II. xvi. 415. [L. S.]

AMPHOTERUS ('A^orepo's), the brother of Craterus, was appointed by Alexander the Great commander of the fleet in the Hellespont, jb. c. 333. Amphoterus subdued the islands between Greece and Asia which did not acknowledge Alexander, cleared Crete of the Persians and pirates, and sail­ed to Peloponnesus b. c. 331, to put down a rising against the Macedonian power. (Arrian, i. 25, iii. 6 ; Curt. iii. 1, iv. 5, 8.)

T. A'MPIUS BALBUS. [balbus.]

T. A'MPIUS FLAVIA'NUS. [flavianus.]

AMPYCIDES ('AjMiwftrjs), a patronymic from Ampycus or Ampyx, applied to Mopsus. (Ov. Met. viii. 316, 350, xii. 456, 524; Apollon. Rhod. i. 1083; comp. Orph. Arg. 721.) [L. S.]

AMPYCUS ("A^Tmcos). 1. A son of Pelias, husband of Chloris, and father of the famous seer Mopsus. (Hygin. Fab. 14, 128 ; Apollon. Rhod. L 1083; Ov. Met. xii. 456.) Pausanias (v. 17. § 4, vii. 18. § 4) calls him Ampyx.

2. A son of Japetus, a bard and priest of Ceres, villed by Pettalus at the marriage of Perseus. (Ov. Met. v. 110, &c.) Another personage of this name )ccurs in Orph. Arg. 721. [L. S.]

AMPYX ("A/wn;£). 1. [ampycus.] 2. There ire two other mythical personages of this name. Ov. Met. v. 184, xii. 450.) [L. S.J

AMULIUS. [romulus.]

AMULIUS, a Roman painter, who was chiefly srnployed in decorating the Golden House of Nero. )ne of his works was a picture of Minerva, which Iways looked at the spectator, whatever point of iew he chose. Pliny calls him "gravis et severus, demonic floridus," and adds, that he only painted or a few hours in the day, and that with such a egard for his own dignity, that he would not lay side his toga, even when employed in the midst f scaffolding and machinery. (Plin. xxxv. 37'. ross, in an emendation of this passage, among ther alterations, substitutes Fabullus for Amulius. lis reading is adopted by Juiiius and Sillig; but here seems to be no sufficient ground to reject the Id reading.) ' [P, S ]



AMYCLAEUS ('A^u/<:Aa?0s), a, surname of Apollo, derived from the town of Amyclae in La- conia, where he had a celebrated sanctuary. His colossal statue there is estimated by Pausanias (iii. 19. § 2) at thirty cubits in height. It appears to have been very ancient, for with the exception of the head, hands, and feet, the whole resembled more a brazen pillar than a statue. This figure of the god wore a helmet, and in his hands he held a spear and a bow. The women of Amyclae made every year a new xir<*v for the god, and the place where they made it was also called the Chiton. (Paus. iii. 16. § 2.) The sanctuary of Apollo con­ tained the throne of Amyclae, a work of Bathycles of Magnesia, which Pausanias saw. (iii. 18. §6, &c.; comp. Welcker, Zeitschrift fur GescTt. der alt. Kunst. i. 2, p. 280, &c.) [L. S.]

AMYCLAEUS (JA<uwcAa?t>s), a Corinthian sculptor, who, in conjunction with Diyllus, exe­ cuted in bronze a group which the Phocians dedi­ cated at Delphi, after their victory over the Thes- salians at the beginning of the Persian war, b. c. 480. (Paus. x. 1. § 4, 13. § 4 ; Herod, viii. 27.) The subject of this piece of sculpture was the con­ test of Heracles with Apollo for the sacred tripod. Heracles and Apollo were represented as both having hold of the tripod, while Leto and Arte­ mis supported Apollo, and Heracles was encouraged' by Athene. The legend to which the group re­ ferred is related by Pausanias (x. 13. § 4) ; the reason for such a subject being chosen by the Pho­ cians on this occasion, seems to be their own con­ nexion with Apollo as guardians of the Delphic oracle, and, on the other hand, because the Thes- salian chiefs were Heracleidae, and their war-cry "Athene Itonia." (Miiller, Arch'dol. der Kunst ^ § 89, an. 3.) The attempt of Heracles to carry off the tripod seems to have been a favourite subject with the Greek artists: two or three representa­ tions of it are still extant. (Winckelmann, Werke, ix. p. 256, ed. 1825; Sillig, s.v.; compare diyllus, chionis.) [P. S.]

AMYCLAS ('A,uyKAas), a son of Lacedae-mon and Sparta, and father of Hyacinthus by Diomede, the daughter of Lapithus. (Apollod. iii. 10. § 3 ; Paus. x. 9. § 3, vii. 18. § 4.) He was king of Laconia, and was regarded as the founder of the town of Amyclae. (Paus. iii. 1. § 3.) Two other mythical personages of this name occur in Parthen. Erot. 15, and Apollod. iii. 9. § 1. [L.S.]

AMYCLl'DES, a patronymic from Amyclas, by which Ovid (Met. x. 162) designates Hyacin­ thus, who, according to some traditions, was a son of Amyclas. [L. S.]

AMYCLUS fAjuwcAos), or AMYCLAS ('A^-/cAas) of Heracleia, one of Plato's disciples. (Diog. Laert. iii. 46; Aelian, V. II. iii. 19.)

AMYCUS ("a^vkos). 1. A son of Poseidon by Bithynis, or by the Bithjaiian nymph Melia. He was ruler of the country of the Bebryces, and when the Argonauts landed on the coast of his dominions, he challenged the bravest of them to a boxing match. Poly deuces, who accepted the challenge, killed him. (Apollod. i. 9. § 20 ; Hygin. Fab. 17 ; Apollon. Rhod. ii. init.) The Scholiast on Apollonius (ii. 98) relates, that Polydeuces bound Amycus. Previous to this fatal encounter with the Argonauts, Amycus had had a feud with Lycus, king of Mysia, who was supported by He­racles, and in it Mydon, the brother of Amycus, fell by the hands of Heracles. (Apollod. ii. 5. § 9 j

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