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AMMONIUS.

Antw. 1630. He is quoted in the Catenae on the History of Susannah and on Daniel. {Nova Col­ lect. Script. Vet. ab Angelo Maio, p. 166, &c. vol. i. A. d. 1825.) [A. J. C.]

AMMONIUS ('AfjLfju&vios) GRAMMATICUS, professor of grammar at Alexandria, with Helladius, at the close of the 4th century. He was also priest of the Egyptian Ape. On the vigorous overthrow of idolatry in Egypt by the bishop Theophilus a. d. 389-391, Ammonius and Helladius fled to Con­ stantinople and there resumed their profession. (Socr. Hist. Eccl. v. 16.) Ammonius wrote, in Greek, On the Differences if Words of like Significa­ tion (jrepl ojjlo'l&v Kal o~ia(fi6pa>v A<=£ecoz>), which is appended to many lexicons, e. g. to that of Scapula. It was edited by Valckneaer, 4to., Lugd. Bat. 1739, and with further notes by Chr. Frid. Ammon, 8vo., Erlang. 1787. There is another work by this Ammonius, Trepl dKvpoXoyias, which has not yet been printed. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. v. p. 715.) The historian Socrates was a pupil of Ammonius. (Hist. Eccl. v. 16.) [A. J. C.]

AMMONIUS ca/xjuco//jos), son of hermeas, studied with his brother Heliodorus at Athens under Proclus (who died A. d. 484), and was the master of Simplicius, Asclepius Tralliamis, John Philoponus, and Damascius. His Commentaries (in Greek) on Plato and Ptolemy are lost, as well as many on Aristotle. His extant works are Com­ mentaries on the Isagoge of Porphyry, or the Five Predicables, first published at Venice in 1500, and On the Categories of Aristotle, and De Interpre­ tation^ first published at Venice hi 1503. See too ap. Alexand. Aphrodis. De Fato, p. 180, 8vo. Loud. 1658. The above-named Commentaries on Aristotle are also published in the Scholia in Aristot. ed. Brandis. In MS. are his Commentaries on Aristotle's Topics and Metaphysics, and his Methodus construendi Astrolabium. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. v. p. 707.) [A. J. C.]

AMMONIUS, of lamprae, a village of Attica, a Peripatetic philosopher, who lived in the first century of the Christian aera. He was the instructor of Plutarch, who praises his great learning (Symp. iii. 1), and introduces him dis­coursing on religion and sacred rites, (ix. 15.) Corsini endeavours to shew (in vita Plutarchi., p. 6), that Ammonius of Lamprae is really the same per­son with Ammonius the Egyptian mentioned by Eunapius, and concludes that it was from this source Plutarch obtained the minute knowledge of Egyptian worship which he has shewn in his trea­tise on Isis and Osiris.

Ammonius of Lamprae is mentioned by Ammo­nius, the author of the work De Differentiis Ver-borum* under the word jGautos, as having; written a

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treatise Hepl B<y,wcoz>, or as the fuller title is given by Athenaeus, Tlepl Bw/^coz/ teal ©v&lwv. (xi. p. 476, f.) Whether the same Ammonius was the author of another work, Ylepl t&v 'AOyvfjcriv 'Eraipidow, mentioned by Athenaes (xiii. p. 567, a), is uncertain. [B. J.]

AMMONIUS ('Awdvios) LITHO'TOMUS, an eminent surgeon of Alexandria, mentioned by Celsus (De Med. vii. Praef. p. 137), whose exact date is not known, but who probably lived in the reign of Ptolemy Philadelphus, b. c. 283—247, as his name occurs in Celsus together with those of several other surgeons who lived at that time. He is chiefly celebrated for having been the first person who thought of breaking a stone within the

AMMONIUS.

bladder when too large for extraction entire; on which account he received the cognomen of \i6orouos. An account of his mode of operation, as described by Celsus (De Med. vii. 26, p. 161), is given in the Diet, of Ant. p. 220. Some medical preparations used by a physician of the same name occur also in Ae'tius and Paulus Aegineta, but whether they all belong to the same person is un­ certain. [W. A. G.]

AMMONIUS, the monk, nourished a.d. 372.

He was one of the Four Great Brothers (so called

from their height), disciples of Pambo, the monk

of Mt. Nitria (Vitae Patrum, ii. 23; Pallad. Hist.

Laus. c. 12, ed. Rosweyd. p. 543.) He knew the

Bible by heart, and carefully studied Didymus, Ori-

gen, and the other ecclesiastical authors. In A. d.

339-341 he accompanied St. Athanasius to Rome.

In A. d. 371-3, Peter II. succeeded the latter, and

when he fled to Rome from his Arian persecutors,

Ammonius retired from. Canopus into Palestine.

He witnessed the cruelties of the Saracens against

the monks of Mount Sinai A. d. 377, and received

intelligence of the sufferings of others near the Red

Sea. On his return to Egypt, he took up his

abode at Memphis, and described these distresses

in a book which he wrote in Egyptian. This

being found at Naucratis by a priest, named John,

was by him translated into Greek, and in that

form is extant, in Christi Martyrum Electi tri-

umphi (p. 88, ed. Combefis, 8vo., Par. 1660).

Ammonius is said to have cut off an ear to avoid

promotion to the episcopate. (Socr. iv. 23 ; Pallad.

Hist. Laus. c. 12.) [A. J. C.]

AMMONIUS (5A,u/xc«Jfios) the peripatetic, who wrote only a few poems and declamations. He was a different person from Ammonius, the teacher of Plotinus. (Longin. ap. Porphyr. in Plotin. vit. c. 20 ; Philostr. ii. 27 ; Ruhnken, Diss. de Longino.}

AMMONIUS ('A^wW), a Greek poet. who lived in the reign of the emperor Theodosius II. He wrote an epic poem on the insurrection of the Goths under Gainas (a. d. 400), which he called Fcuz/m, and is said to have read in A. d. 438 to tht emperor, who received it with great approbation (Socrat. Hist. Eccles. vi. 6; Nicephor. xii. 6/ Who this Ammonius was, and whether the line! quoted in the Etymologicum Magnum (s.vM.iva.vros from one Ammonius, and the two epigrams in th< Anthologia Graeca (iii. 3, p. 841, ed. Jacobs) which bear the same name, belong to him, is un­ certain. [L. S.J

AMMONIUS or HAMMONIUS, an am bassador of ptolemaeus Auletes, who was sen to Rome b. c. 56 to seek assistance against th< Alexandrians, who had opposed the king. (Cic ad Fam. i. 1.) He is perhaps the same person a the Ammonius who is spoken of as one of th agents of Cleopatra in b. c. 44. (Ad Ait. xv. 15.) AMMO'NIUS, called SACCAS ('A/^rw Sa/c/ms1, i.e. Sa/c/cot/) 0/909), or sack-carrier, becaus his official employment was carrying the corn, landei at Alexandria, as a public porter (saccarius, se Gothofred ad Cod. Theodos. 14, tit. 22), was bor of Christian parents. Porphyry asserts (lib. i adv. Christian, ap. Euseb. PL E. vi. 19), Eusebin (1. c.) and St. Jerome (Vir. III. § 55) deny, tha he apostatized from the faith. At any rate h combined the study of philosophy with Christianity and is regarded by those who maintain his apostas as the founder of the later Platonic Schoo

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