The Ancient Library

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On this page: Ambryssus – Ambulia – Ambustus – Ameinias – Ameinocles – Ameipsias


this (v. 11) quotes an epigram of Theocritus against Aristotle.

AMBRYSSUS fA|&gpw<r<ros), the mythical founder of the town of Ambryssus or Amphryssus in Phocis. (Paus. x. 36. § 2.) [L. S.]

AMBULIA, AMBU'LII, and AMBU'LIUS ('AjugouAia, 'Aju§ooXio(, and 'Aju.gouA.tos), surnames under which the Spartans worshipped Athena, the Dioscuri, and Zeus. (Paus. iii. 13. §4.) The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it has been supposed to be derived from aragaAA.oj, and to de­signate those divinities as the delayers of death.

[L. S,]

AMBUSTUS, the name of a family of the patrician fabia gens. The first member of the Fabia gens, who acquired this cognomen, was Q. Fabius Vibulanus, consul in b. c. 412, who appears to have been a son of N. Fabius Vibulanus, consul in b. c. 421. From this time the name Vibulanus was dropt, and that of Ambustus took its place. The latter was in its turn supplanted by that of Maximus, which was first acquired by Q. Fabius, son of No. 7 [see belowJ, and was handed down by him to his descendants.

1. Q. fabius M. p. Q. n. vibulanus ambus­tus, consul in b.c. 412. (Liv. iv. 52.)

2. M. fabius ambustus, Poutifex Maximus in the year that Rome was taken by the Gauls, b. c. 390. His three sons [see Nos. 3, 4, and 5] were sent as ambassadors to the Gauls, when the latter were besieging Clusium, and took part in a sally of the besieged against the Gauls. The Grauls demanded that the Fabii should be sur­rendered to them for violating the law of nations; ind upon the senate refusing to give up the guilty parties, they marched against Rome. The three sons were in the same year elected consular tri­bunes. (Liv. v. 35, 36, 41 ; Plut. Cam. 17.)

3. K. fabius M. f. Q. n. ambustus, son of Mo. 2 and brother to Nos. 4 and 5, was quaestor n b. c. 409, with three plebeians as his colleagues, vhich was the first time that quaestors were Jiosen from the plebs. (Liv. iv. 54.) He was :onsular tribune for the first time in 404 (iv. 61), .gain in 401 (v. 10), a third time in 395 (v. 24), ,nd a fourth time in 390. [See No. 2.)

4. N. fabius M. f. Q. n. ambustus, son of sro. 2 and brother to Nos. 3 and 5, consular tri-»une in b. c. 406 (Liv. iv. 58), and again in 390. See No. 2.]

5. Q. fabius M. f. Q. N. ambustus, son of ^o. 2 and brother to Nos. 3 and 4, consular tri­une in b. c. 390. [See No. 2.J

6. M. fabius K. f. M. n. ambustus, son, as t appears, of No. 3, was consular tribune in b. c. 81. (Liv. vi. 22.) He had two daughters, of diom the elder was married to Ser. Sulpicius, and le younger to C. Licinius Stolo, the author of the jcinian Rogations. According to the story re-)rded by Livy, the younger Fabia induced her ither to assist her husband in obtaining the con-.ilship for the plebeian order, into which she had tarried, (vi. 34.) Ambustus was consular tribune

second time in 369, and took an active part in ipport of the Licinian Rogations, (vi. 36.) He as censor in 363. (Fast. Capitol.}

7. M. fabius N. f. M. n. ambustus, son, as appears, of No. 4, was consul in b. c. 360, and .rried on the war against the Hernici, whom he nquered, and obtained an ovation in consequence, jiv. vii. 11; Fast. Triumph.) He was consul a



second time in 356, and carried on the war against the Falisci and Tarquinienses, whom he also con­quered. As he was absent from Rome when the time came for holding the comitia, the senate, which did not like to entrust them to his colleague, who had appointed a plebeian dictator, and still less to the dictator himself, nominated interreges for the purpose. The object of the patricians was to secure both places in the consulship for their own order again, which was elfected by Ambustus, who seems to have returned to Rome meantime. He was appointed the eleventh interrex, and de­clared two patricians consuls in violation of the Licinian law. (Liv. vii. 17.) He was consul a third time in 354, when he conquered theTiburtes and obtained a triumph in consequence, (vii. 18, 19 ; Fast. Triumph.) In 351 he was appointed dictator merely to frustrate the Licinian law again at the comitia, but did not succeed in his object. (Liv. vii. 22.) He was alive in 325, when his son, Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, was master of the horse to Papirius, and fled to Rome to implore protection from the vengeance of the dictator. He interceded on his son's behalf both with the senate and the people, (viii. 33.)

8. C. fabius (C. f. M. n.) ambustus, consul in b. c. 358, in which year a dictator was ap­pointed through fear of the Gauls. (Liv. vii. 12.)

9. M. fabius M. f. N. n. ambustus, son ap­parently of No. 7, and brother to the great Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus, was master of the horse in b. c. 322. (Liv. viii. 38.)

10. Q. fabius (Q. f. Q. n.) ambustus, dic­tator in b. c. 321', but immediately resigned through some fault in the election. (Liv. ix. 7.)

11. C. fabius M. f. N. n. ambustus, son ap­parently of No. 7, and brother to No. 9, was appointed master of the horse in b. c. 315 in place of Q. Aulius, who fell in battle. (Liv, ix. 23.)

AMEINIAS. [narcissus.]

AMEINIAS ('A/iew/ias), a younger brother of Aeschylus, of the Attic demos of Pallene accord­ing to Herodotus (viii. 84, 93), or of that of Decelea according to Plutarch (Them. 14), distin­guished himself at the battle of Salamis(B. c. 480) by making the first attack upon the Persian ships, and also by his pursuit of Artemisia. He and Eumenes were judged to have been the bravest on this occasion among all the Athenians. (Herod. Plut. II. cc.; Diod. xi. 27.) Aelian mentions ( V. II. v. 19), thai Ameinias prevented the con­demnation of his brother Aeschylus by the Areio-pagus. [aeschylus, p. 41, a.]

AMEINOCLES ('A^eiw/cA^s), a Corinthian shipbuilder, who visited Samos about b. c. 704, and built four ships for the Samians. (Time. i. 13.) Pliny (//. N. vii. 56) says, that Thucydides men­tioned Ameinocles as the inventor of the trireme; but this is a mistake, for Thucydides merely states that triremes were first built at Corinth in Greece, without ascribing their invention to Ameinocles. According to Syncellus (p. 212, c), triremes were first built at Athens by Ameinocles.

AMEIPSIAS ('A^e^tas), a comic poet of Athens, contemporary with Aristophanes, whom he twice conquered in the dramatic contests, guinmg the second prize with his Kovvos when Aristo­phanes was third with the " Clouds " (423 b. c.), and the first with his Kay^ao-rai, when Aristo­phanes gained the second with the " Birds." (414 b. c.; Argum. in Aristoph. Nub. et Av.) The

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