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On this page: Alexander – Alexander Aemilianus – Alexander Aetolus

ALEXANDER.

tions were used by Julius Caesar for his correction of the year. He was tutor to the emperor Nero. (Suidas, s. v. 'A/\e|a^pos hlycuos ; Suet. Tib. 57.) Two treatises on the writings of Aristotle are attri­buted to him by some, but are assigned by others to Alexander Aphrodisiensis. I. On the Meteoro­logy of Aristotle, edited in Greek by F. Asulanus, Vcn. 1527, in Latin by Alex. Piecolomini, 1540, fol. IT. A commentary on the Metaphysics. The Greek has never been published, but there is a Latin version by Sepulveda, Rom. 1527. [B. J.] ALEXANDER AEGUS. [alexander IV., king of macedonia.]

ALEXANDER ('AAe£cwfyos), a son of aeme-tus, was one of the commanders of the Macedo­nian %aAKacr7nftes in the army of Antigonus Doson during the battle of Sellasia against Cleomenes III. of Sparta, in b. c. 222. (Polyb. ii. 66.) [L. S.]

ALEXANDER AEMILIANUS. [aemili-anus, No. 3.]

ALEXANDER ('AAe£a%os), son of aero-pus, a native of the Macedonian district called Lyncestis, whence he is usually called Alexander Lyncestes. Justin (xi. 1) makes the singular mistake of calling him a brother of Lyncestas, while in other passages (xi. 7, xii. 14) he uses the correct expression. He was a contemporary of Philip of Macedonia and Alexander the Great. He had two brothers, Heromenes and Arrhabaeus ; ill three were known to have been accomplices in ;he murder of Philip, in b. c. 336, Alexander ;he Great on his accession put to death all those who had taken part in the murder, and Alexander ,he Lyncestian was the only one that was par-loned, because he was the first who did homage to \lexander the Great as his king. (Arrian, Anab. . 25 ; Curtius, vii. 1 ; Justin, xi. 2.) But king Alexander not only pardoned him, but even made lim his friend and raised him to high honours, le was first entrusted with the command of an ,rmy in Thrace, and afterwards received the com-fiand of the Thessalian horse. In. this capacity .e accompanied Alexander on his eastern ex-edition. In b. c. 334, when Alexander was laying at Phaselis, he was informed, that the jyncestian was carrying on a secret correspondence dth king Darius, and that a large sum of money ras promised, for which he was to murder his Dvereign. The bearer of the letters from Darius ras taken by Parmenion and brought before Alex-nder, and the treachery was manifest. Yet Jexander, dreading to create any hostile feeling i Antipater, the regent of Macedonia, whose :iughter was married to the Lyncestian, thought advisable not to put him to death, and had him erely deposed from his office and kept in cus-•dy. In this manner he was dragged about for ,ree years with the army in Asia, until in B. c. 30, when, Philotas having been put to death for similar crime, the Macedonians demanded that lexander the Lyncestian should likewise be tried id punished according to his desert. King Alex-ider gave way, and as the traitor was unable to :culpate himself, he was put to death at Proph-asia, in the country of the Drangae. (Curtius, ;., and viii. 1 ; Justin. xii. 14 ; Diod. xvii. 32, 80.) le object of this traitor was probably, with the 1 of Persia, to gain possession of the throne of acedonia, which previous to the reign of Arnyn-', II. had for a time belonged to his family. [L.S.] ALEXANDER ('AAe£wS/>osX an aetolian,

Ill

ALEXANDER.

who, in conjunction with Dorymachus, put himself in possession of the town of Aegeira in Achaia, during the Social war, in b. c. 220. But the con­ duct of Alexander and his associates was so inso­ lent and rapacious, that the inhabitants of the town rose to expel the small, band of the Aetolians. In the ensuing contest Alexander was killed while fighting. (Polyb. iv. 57, 58.) [L. S.]

ALEXANDER AETOLUS ('AAe'|az/fyoy 6 AmoAos), a Greek poet and grammarian, who lived in the reign of Ptolemaeus Philadelphus. He was the son of Satyrus and Stratocleia, and a native of Pleuron in Aetolia, but spent the greater part of his life at Alexandria, where he was reckoned one of the seven tragic poets who constituted the tragic pleiad. (Suid. s. v.; Eudoc. p. 62 ; Pans. ii. 22. § 7; Schol. ad Horn. II. xvj. 233.) He had an office in the library at Alexandria, and was commis­sioned by the king to make a collection of all the tragedies and satyric dramas that were extant. He spent some time, together with Antagoras and Aratus, at the court of Antigonus Gonatas. (Ara-tus, Phaenomena et Diosem. ii. pp. 431, 443, &c. 446, ed. Buhle.) Notwithstanding the distinction he enjoyed as a tragic poet, he appears to have had greater merit as a writer of epic poems, elegies, epigrams, and cynaedi. Among his epic poems, we possess the titles and some fragments of three pieces: the Fisherman (dAieus, Athen. vii. p. 296), Kirka or Krika (Athen. vii. p. 283), which, how­ever, is designated by Athenaeus as doubtful, and Helena, (Bekker, Anecd. p. 96.) Of his elegies, some beautiful fragments are still extant. (Athen. iv. p. 170, xi. p. 496, xv. p. 899 ; Strab. xii. p. 556, xiv. p. 681; Parthen. Erot. 4 ; Tzetz. ad. Lycopkr. 266; Schol. and Eustath. ad II. iii. 314.) His Cynaedi, or 'IcaviKa Troir^uarct, are mentioned by Strabo (xiv. p. 648) and Athenaeus. (xiv. p. 620.) Some anapaestic verses in praise of Euripides are preserved in Gellius. (xv. 20.)

All the fragments of Alexander Aetolus are col­lected in "Alexandri Aetoli fragmenta coll. et ill. A. Capellmann," Bonn, 1829, 8vo.; comp. Welc-ker, Die Griech. Tragodien, p. 1263, &c.; Diintzer, Die Fragm. der Episcli. Poesie der Griechen, von Alexand. dem Grossen, <§£v. p. 7, &c. [L. S.]

ALEXANDER (3AA(%az%os), (ST.,) of alex­andria, succeeded as patriarch of that city St. Achillas, (as his predecessor, St. Peter, had pre­dicted, Martyr. S. Petri, ap. Surium, vol. vi. p. 577,) A. d. 312. He, " the noble Champion of Apostolic Doctrine," (Theodt. Hist. Eccl. i. 2,) first laid bare the irreligion of Arius, and condemned him in his dispute with Alexander Baucalis. St. Alexander was at the Oecumenical Council of Nicaea, A. d. 325, with his deacon, St. Athanasius, and, scarcely five months after, died, April 17th, a. d. 326. St. Epiphanius (adv. Haeres. 69. § 4) says he wrote some seventy circular epistles against Arius, and Socrates (H. E. i. 6), and Sozomen (H. E. i. 1), that he collected them into one volume. Two epistles remain; 1. to Alexander, bishop of Con-. stantinople, written after the Council at Alexan­dria which condemned Arius, and before the other circular letters to the various bishops. (See Theodt. H. E. i. 4; Galland. Bibl. Pair. vol. iv. p. 441.) 2. The Encyclic letter announcing Arius's depo­sition (Socr. H. E. i. 6, and Galland. I.e. p. 451), with the subscriptions from Gelasius Cyzicen. (Hist. Con. Nicaen. ii. 3, ap. Mans. Concilia, vol. ii p. 801.) There remains, too, TJie Deposition of

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