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ALBINUS.

is represented stretching out his hand to an eagle, a military standard, and behind him are the fasces with the axe. On it are the letters A. post. a. f. n. s. abin (so on the coin, instead of albin.). On the coins of the Postumia gens the praenomen Spuriua is alway written s. and not sp.

23. A. postumius albinus, a person of prae­torian rank, commanded the fleet, b. c. 89, in the Marsic war, and was killed by his own soldiers under the plea that he meditated treachery, but in reality on account of his cruelty. Sulla, who was then a legate of the consul Porcius Cato, incorpo­rated his troops with his own, but did not punish the offenders. (Liv. Epit. 75 ; Pint. Sulla, 6.)

24. A. postumius albinus was placed by Caesar over Sicily, b. c. 48. (Appian, B. C. ii. 48.)

25. D. junius brutus albinus, adopted by No. 22, and commemorated in the annexed coin, where Brutus is called albinv(s) brvti. p. [brutus.]

ALBINUS, procurator of Judaea, in the reign of Nero, about a. d. 63 and 64, succeeded Festus, and was guilty of almost every kind of crime in his government. He pardoned the vilest criminals for money, and shamelessly plundered the pro­vincials. He was succeeded by Florus. (Joseph. Ant. Jud. xx. 8. § 1; Bell. Jud. ii. 14. § 1.) The luceius albinus mentioned below may possibly have been the same person.

ALBINUS ('AA&j/os), a Platonic philosopher, who lived at Smyrna and was a contemporary of Galen. (Galen, vol. iv. p. 372, ed. Basil.) A short tract by him, entitled 'Eicrcryo^?? eis tovs nAcrrwz/os AtaAfryous, has come down to us, and is published in the second volume (p. 44) of the first edition of Fabricius ; but omitted in the reprint by Harles, because it is to be found prefixed to Etwall's edition of three dialogues of Plato, Oxon. J771; and to Fischer's four dialogues of Plato, Lips. 1783. It contains hardly anything of im­portance. After explaining the nature of the Dialogue, which he compares to a Drama, the writer goes on to divide the Dialogues of Plato into four classes, \ojlkovs, €\€jktlkovs, <$>v<tikovs, y9iKovs, and mentions another division of them into Tetralogies, according to their subjects. He advises that the Alcibiades, Phaedo, Republic, and Timaeus, should be read in a series.

The authorities respecting Albinus have been collected by Fabricius. (Bibl. Grace, iii. p. 658.) He is said to have written a work on the arrange­ment of the writings of Plato. Another Albinus is mentioned by Boethius and Cassiodorus, who

ALBINUS. •

wrote in Latin some works on music and geo­ metry. [B. J.J

ALBINUS, CLO'DIUS, whose full nams was Decimus Clodius Ceionius Septimius Al­binus, the son of Ceionius Postumius and Aurelia Messalina, was born at Adrumetum in Africa; but the year of his birth is not known. According to his father's statement (Capitol. Clod. Albin. 4), he received the name of Albi­nus on account of the extraordinary whiteness of his body. Shewing great disposition for a military life, he entered the army at an early age and served with great distinction, especially during the rebellion of Avidius Cassius against the emperor Marcus Aurelius, in a. D. 175. His merits were acknowledged by the emperor in two letters (ib. 10) in which he calls Albinus an African, who re­sembled his countrymen but little, and who was praiseworthy for his military experience, and the gravity of his character. The emperor likewise declared, that without Albinus the legions (in Bithynia) would have gone over to Avidius Cas­sius, and that he intended to have him chosen consul. The emperor Commodus gave Albinus a command in Gaul and afterwards in Britain. A false rumour having been spread that Commodus had died, Albinus harangued the army in Britain on the occasion, attacking Commodus as a tyrant, and maintaining that it would be useful to the Roman empire to restore to the senate its ancient dignity and power. The senate was very pleased with these sentiments, but not so the emperor, who sent Junius Sever as to supersede Albinus in his command. At this time Albinus must have been a very distinguished man, which we may conclude from the fact, that some time before Commodus had offered him the title of Caesar, which he wisely declined. Notwithstanding the appointment of Junius Severus as his successor, Albinus kept his command till after the murder of Commodus and that of his successor Pertinax in a. d. 193. It is doubtful if Albinus was the secret author of the murder of Pertinax, to which Capitolinus makes an allusion. (Ib. 14.)

After the death of Pertinax, Didius Julianas purchased the throne by bribing the praetorians ; but immediately afterwards, C. Pescennius Niger was proclaimed emperor by the legions in Syria; L. Septimius Severus by the troops in Illyricum and Pannonia; and Albinus by the armies in Bri­tain and Gaul. Julianas having been put to death by order of the senate, who dreaded the power of Septimius Severus, the latter turned his arms against Pescennius Niger. With regard to Al­binus, we must believe that Severus made a pro­visional arrangement with him, conferring upon him the title of Caesar, and holding with him the consulship in a. d. 194. But after the defeat and death of Niger in a. d. 194, and the complete discomfiture of his adherents, especially after the fall of Byzantium in a. d. 196, Severus resolved to make himself the absolute master of the Roman empire. Albinus seeing the danger of his position, which he had increased by his indolence, prepared for resistance. He narrowly escaped being assassinated by a messenger of Severus (ib. 7, 8), whereupon he put himself at the head of his army, which is said to have consisted of 150,000 men. He met the equal forces of Severus at Lugdunum (Lyons), in Gaul, and there fought with him on the 19th of February, 197 (Spartian. Sever. 11), a

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